Search Results for water-and-the-search-for-life-on-mars

This highly absorbing book relates how NASA and ESA have sought evidence of life on Mars. ‘Follow the water’ with noted science writer David Harland as he assembles and weighs the evidence in this timely and compelling book.

Author: David M. Harland

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387293721

Category: Science

Page: 239

View: 160

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Provides a comprehensive account of the recent ‘Spirit’ and ‘Opportunity’ Mars Exploration Rover missions. Relates how NASA/ESA have sought evidence of life on Mars, with the prevailing mood sometimes being optimistic and sometimes pessimistic. Details an account of the rationale for the tests for life carried out by the Viking missions in 1976, with an account of the debate over their results. A concise primer for readers wishing to ‘bone up’ when NASA next sends a lander explicitly to seek life on Mars. Discusses the nature of life on Mars in terms of the most primitive forms of life on Earth, and reviews the implications of there being life on both planets.
2007-09-24 By David M. Harland

This book, by two journalists with deep experience covering space exploration, is the definitive story of how life's discovery has eluded us to date, and how it will be found somewhere and sometime this century.

Author: Elizabeth Howell

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781950691661

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 141

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Published to coincide with the launch of NASA’s Perseverance rover mission this summer, the definitive account of our quest to find life on the Red Planet. From The War of the Worlds to The Martian and to the amazing photographs sent back by the robotic rovers Curiosity and Opportunity, Mars has excited our imaginations as the most likely other habitat for life in the solar system. Now the Red Planet is coming under scrutiny as never before. As new missions are scheduled to launch this year from the United States and China, and with the European Space Agency's ExoMars mission now scheduled for 2022, this book recounts in full the greatest scientific detective story ever. For the first time in forty years, the missions heading to Mars will look for signs of ancient life on the world next door. It is the latest chapter in an age‑old quest that encompasses myth, false starts, red herrings, and bizarre coincidences—as well as triumphs and heartbreaking failures. This book, by two journalists with deep experience covering space exploration, is the definitive story of how life's discovery has eluded us to date, and how it will be found somewhere and sometime this century. The Search for Life on Mars is based on more than a hundred interviews with experts at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory and elsewhere, who share their insights and stories. While it looks back to the early Mars missions such as Viking 1 and 2, the book's focus is on the experiments and revelations from the most recent ones—including Curiosity, which continues to explore potentially habitable sites where water was once present, and the Mars Insight lander, which has recorded more than 450 marsquakes since its deployment in late 2018—as well as on the Perseverance and ExoMars rover missions ahead. And the book looks forward to the newest, most exciting frontier of all: the day, not too far away, when humans will land, make the Red Planet their home, and look for life directly.
2020-06-23 By Elizabeth Howell

This volume addresses not only scientists working in the field but also nonspecialists and students in search of a high-level but accessible introduction to this exciting field of research.

Author: Tetsuya Tokano

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540206248

Category: Science

Page: 331

View: 167

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Growing evidence, based on observations from orbiters, landers and telescopes, indicates that Mars may still have numerous hidden water reservoirs. "Water on Mars and Life" surveys recent advances made in research into water on Mars together with its astrobiological implications. Addresses not only scientists working in the field but also nonspecialists and students in search of a high-level but accessible introduction to this exciting field of research.
2004-09-14 By Tetsuya Tokano

An expert on extreme-life environments, Malcolm Walter argues that the best place to find evidence of life on Mars is out of reach of telescopes and space probes--it's in the rocks and subsurface water of the Red Planet.

Author: Malcolm Walter

Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)

ISBN: 073820367X

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 925

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An examination of the possibility of life on Mars describes the likelihood of discovering fossils on the red planet and points out that the real evidence remains beyond the reach of telescopes and satellites. Reprint. 10,000 first printing.
2000 By Malcolm Walter

David M. Harland. Water and the Search for Life on Mars David M. Harland Published in association with Praxis Publishing Chichester,

Author: David M. Harland

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387293721

Category: Science

Page: 239

View: 347

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Provides a comprehensive account of the recent ‘Spirit’ and ‘Opportunity’ Mars Exploration Rover missions. Relates how NASA/ESA have sought evidence of life on Mars, with the prevailing mood sometimes being optimistic and sometimes pessimistic. Details an account of the rationale for the tests for life carried out by the Viking missions in 1976, with an account of the debate over their results. A concise primer for readers wishing to ‘bone up’ when NASA next sends a lander explicitly to seek life on Mars. Discusses the nature of life on Mars in terms of the most primitive forms of life on Earth, and reviews the implications of there being life on both planets.
2007-09-24 By David M. Harland

This highly absorbing book relates how NASA and ESA have sought evidence of life on Mars. ‘Follow the water’ with noted science writer David Harland as he assembles and weighs the evidence in this timely and compelling book.

Author: David Harland

Publisher: Praxis

ISBN: 0387507442

Category: Science

Page: 239

View: 848

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Provides a comprehensive account of the recent ‘Spirit’ and ‘Opportunity’ Mars Exploration Rover missions. Relates how NASA/ESA have sought evidence of life on Mars, with the prevailing mood sometimes being optimistic and sometimes pessimistic. Details an account of the rationale for the tests for life carried out by the Viking missions in 1976, with an account of the debate over their results. A concise primer for readers wishing to ‘bone up’ when NASA next sends a lander explicitly to seek life on Mars. Discusses the nature of life on Mars in terms of the most primitive forms of life on Earth, and reviews the implications of there being life on both planets.
2008-11-01 By David Harland

Author: Angelo Azzi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: UOM:39015015507026

Category: Medical

Page: 435

View: 556

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Biological membranes are often effected by diseases. Molecular events leading to or arising from pathological changes in the course of different diseases are as yet not clearly understood. This competent study by leading experts covers changes of the cellular environment, membranes and the metabolic functions during tissue growth and differentiation as well as aspects of abnormal organelle function in lysosomal storage diseases, peroxisomal and mitochondrial disorders, enzyme defects and regulatory defects of receptors due to oncogenes.
1989-09-29 By Angelo Azzi

Aimed at the general reader, this is a readable 1998 account of the scientific basis for thinking there may be life elsewhere in the Universe.

Author: Bruce Jakosky

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521598370

Category: Science

Page: 326

View: 939

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Does life exist on other planets? This 1998 book presents the scientific basis for thinking there may be life elsewhere in the Universe. It is the first to cover the entire breadth of recent exciting discoveries, including the discovery of planets around other stars and the possibility of fossil life in meteorites from Mars. Suitable for the general reader, this authoritative book avoids technical jargon and is well illustrated throughout. It covers all the major topics, including the origin and early history of life on Earth, the environmental conditions necessary for life to exist, the possibility that life might exist elsewhere in our Solar System, the occurrence of planets around other stars and their habitability, and the possibility of intelligent extraterrestrial life. For all those interested in understanding the scientific evidence for and likelihood of extraterrestrial life, this is the most comprehensive and readable book to date.
1998-10-15 By Bruce Jakosky

Alien Oceans reveals the science behind the thrilling quest to find out. Kevin Peter Hand is one of today's leading NASA scientists, and his pioneering research has taken him on expeditions around the world.

Author: Kevin Hand

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691227283

Category: Nature

Page: 304

View: 901

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Inside the epic quest to find life on the water-rich moons at the outer reaches of the solar system Where is the best place to find life beyond Earth? We often look to Mars as the most promising site in our solar system, but recent scientific missions have revealed that some of the most habitable real estate may actually lie farther away. Beneath the frozen crusts of several of the small, ice-covered moons of Jupiter and Saturn lurk vast oceans that may have existed for as long as Earth, and together may contain more than fifty times its total volume of liquid water. Could there be organisms living in their depths? Alien Oceans reveals the science behind the thrilling quest to find out. Kevin Peter Hand is one of today's leading NASA scientists, and his pioneering research has taken him on expeditions around the world. In this captivating account of scientific discovery, he brings together insights from planetary science, biology, and the adventures of scientists like himself to explain how we know that oceans exist within moons of the outer solar system, like Europa, Titan, and Enceladus. He shows how the exploration of Earth's oceans is informing our understanding of the potential habitability of these icy moons, and draws lessons from what we have learned about the origins of life on our own planet to consider how life could arise on these distant worlds. Alien Oceans describes what lies ahead in our search for life in our solar system and beyond, setting the stage for the transformative discoveries that may await us.
2021-09-21 By Kevin Hand

Presents the latest information about Mars, discussing the growing body of evidence that water--and therefore the potential for life--was present on Mars at one time in the past.

Author: Elaine Scott

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0618766952

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 60

View: 862

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Presents the latest information about Mars, discussing the growing body of evidence that water--and therefore the potential for life--was present on Mars at one time in the past.
2008 By Elaine Scott

... water-based civilization on Mars was weak at best, even if there remained a viable hypothesis that Martian vegetation might exist. From the 1940s onward even the idea of vegetative life had become questioned and the notion that ...

Author: John W. Traphagan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319417455

Category: Science

Page: 161

View: 868

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This book explores humanity’s thoughts and ideas about extraterrestrial life, paying close attention to the ways science and culture interact with one another to create a context of imagination and discovery related to life on other worlds. Despite the recent explosion in our knowledge of other planets and the seeming era of discovery in which we live, to date we have found no concrete evidence that we are not alone. Our thinking about life on other worlds has been and remains the product of a combination of scientific investigation and human imagination shaped by cultural values--particularly values of exploration and discovery connected to American society. The rapid growth in our awareness of other worlds makes this a crucial moment to think about and assess the influence of cultural values on the scientific search for extraterrestrial life. Here the author considers the junction of science and culture with a focus on two main themes: (1) the underlying assumptions, many of which are tacitly based upon cultural values common in American society, that have shaped the ways researchers in astrobiology and SETI have conceptualized the nature of their endeavor and represented ideas about the potential influence contact might have on human civilization, and (2) the empirical evidence we can access as a way of thinking about the social impact that contact with alien intelligence might have for humanity.
2016-08-26 By John W. Traphagan

Goldilocks and the Water Bears is a tale of the origins and evolution of life, and the quest to find it on other planets, on moons, in other galaxies, and throughout the Universe.

Author: Louisa Preston

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472920089

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 645

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'Highly recommended' Financial Times Today we know of only a single planet that hosts life: the Earth. But across a Universe of at least 100 billion possibly habitable worlds, surely our planet isn't the only one that, like the porridge Goldilocks sought, is just right for life? Astrobiologists search the galaxy for conditions that are suitable for life to exist, focusing on similar worlds located at the perfect distance from their Sun, within the aptly named 'Goldilocks Zone'. Such a place might have liquid water on its surface, and may therefore support a thriving biosphere. What might life look like on other worlds? It is possible to make best-guesses using facts rooted in science, and by studying 'extremophiles' – organisms such as the near-indestructible water bears, which can survive in the harshest conditions that Earth, and even space, can offer. Goldilocks and the Water Bears is a tale of the origins and evolution of life, and the quest to find it on other planets, on moons, in other galaxies, and throughout the Universe.
2016-06-16 By Louisa Preston

Telling the complete story of our ongoing quest to answer one of the most tantalizing questions in astronomy, David Weintraub grapples with the profound moral and ethical questions confronting us as we prepare to introduce an unpredictable ...

Author: David A. Weintraub

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691209265

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 993

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The search for life on Mars—and the moral issues confronting us as we prepare to send humans there Does life exist on Mars? The question has captivated humans for centuries, but today it has taken on new urgency. As space agencies gear up to send the first manned missions to the Red Planet, we have a responsibility to think deeply about what kinds of life may already dwell there—and whether we have the right to invite ourselves in. Telling the complete story of our ongoing quest to answer one of the most tantalizing questions in astronomy, David Weintraub grapples with the profound moral and ethical questions confronting us as we prepare to introduce an unpredictable new life form—ourselves—into the Martian biosphere. Now with an afterword that discusses the most recent discoveries, Life on Mars explains what we need to know before we go.
2020-11-03 By David A. Weintraub

[84], considered terrestrial cryogenic ecosystems such as permafrost, overcooled water brines and active volcanoes in permafrost as possible examples for life on Mars. Besides of the obliquity of its rotation axis large scale volcanism ...

Author: Arnold Hanslmeier

Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

ISBN: 9781608054732

Category: Science

Page: 217

View: 124

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Astrobiology refers to the study of the origin, evolution, distribution, and future of life in the universe. This encompasses extraterrestrial life and life on Earth. Astrobiology is an interdisciplinary field that is gaining a rapidly growing interest among both the general public and the astronomical research community. This e-book explains the detection and evolution of exoplanets and discusses the question of habitability on such objects. Chapters in this text include cited references enabling the reader to acquire more information on specific aspects of astrobiology. It is also a suitable textbook for introductory taught courses in universities and colleges on the subject.
2013-01-02 By Arnold Hanslmeier

unable to agree on the best way to look for life on Mars . ... one to go for it depended on the greatest number of prior assumptions about life on Mars — not only that it would survive in water ( a dubious proposition ) but further that ...

Author: Henry S. F. Cooper

Publisher: Henry Holt & Company

ISBN: UOM:39015017159818

Category: Science

Page: 254

View: 647

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A fascinating account of man's ongoing search for life on Mars through the recent Viking landings explains in nontechnical terms the biological experiments that have been conducted on each of the two probes

They show how the current orbital and ground exploration is guiding the selection for future landing sites. Finally, the book concludes by discussing the critical question of the implications and ethics of finding life on Mars.

Author: Nathalie A. Cabrol

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128099360

Category: Science

Page: 390

View: 723

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From Habitability to Life on Mars explores the current state of knowledge and questions on the past habitability of Mars and the role that rapid environmental changes may have played in the ability of prebiotic chemistry to transition to life. It investigates the role that such changes may have played in the preservation of biosignatures in the geological record and what this means for exploration strategies. Throughout the book, the authors show how the investigation of terrestrial analogs to early Martian habitats under various climates and environmental extremes provide critical clues to understand where, what and how to search for biosignatures on Mars. The authors present an introduction to the newest developments and state-of-the-art remote and in situ detection strategies and technologies that are being currently developed to support the upcoming ExoMars and Mars 2020 missions. They show how the current orbital and ground exploration is guiding the selection for future landing sites. Finally, the book concludes by discussing the critical question of the implications and ethics of finding life on Mars. Edited by the lead on a NASA project that searches for habitability and life on Mars leading to the Mars 2020 mission Presents the evidence, questions and answers we have today (including a summary of the current state of knowledge in advance of the ESA ExoMars and NASA Mars 2020 missions) Includes contributions from authors directly involved in past, current and upcoming Mars missions Provides key information as to how Mars rovers, such as ExoMars and Mars 2020, will address the search for life on Mars with their instrumentation
2018-07-10 By Nathalie A. Cabrol

EVOLUTION AND THE ORIGIN OF LIFE believed to have been caused through erosion by running water. The valley networks are present over most of the ancient cratered terrain on Mars, implying that the period of water activity extended from ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309042468

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 742

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The field of planetary biology and chemical evolution draws together experts in astronomy, paleobiology, biochemistry, and space science who work together to understand the evolution of living systems. This field has made exciting discoveries that shed light on how organic compounds came together to form self-replicating molecules--the origin of life. This volume updates that progress and offers recommendations on research programs--including an ambitious effort centered on Mars--to advance the field over the next 10 to 15 years. The book presents a wide range of data and research results on these and other issues: The biogenic elements and their interaction in the interstellar clouds and in solar nebulae. Early planetary environments and the conditions that lead to the origin of life. The evolution of cellular and multicellular life. The search for life outside the solar system. This volume will become required reading for anyone involved in the search for life's beginnings--including exobiologists, geoscientists, planetary scientists, and U.S. space and science policymakers.

The standard wisdom describing Mars , as outlined in chapter 1 , is as follows : Mars appears to have had stable liquid water at its surface in at least modest abundance early in its history , from about 4.2 billion years ago ( when the ...

Author: Bruce M. Jakosky

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816526133

Category: Science

Page: 150

View: 131

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Are we alone in the universe? As humans, are we unique or are we part of a greater cosmic existence? What is lifeÕs future on Earth and beyond? How does life begin and develop? These are age-old questions that have inspired wonder and controversy ever since the first people looked up into the sky. With todayÕs technology, however, we are closer than ever to finding the answers. Astrobiology is the relatively new, but fast growing scientific discipline that involves trying to understand the origin, evolution, and distribution of life within the universe. It is also one of the few scientific disciplines that attracts the publicÕs intense curiosity and attention. This interest stems largely from the deep personal meaning that the possible existence of extraterrestrial life has for so many. Whether this meaning relates to addressing the ÒBig QuestionsÓ of our existence, the possibility of encountering life on other planets, or the potential impact on our understanding of religion, there is no doubt that the public is firmly vested in finding answers. In this broadly accessible introduction to the field, Bruce Jakosky looks at the search for life in the universe not only from a scientific perspective, but also from a distinctly social one. In lucid and engaging prose, he addresses topics including the contradiction between the publicÕs fascination and the meager dialogue that exists between those within the scientific community and those outside of it, and what has become some of the most impassioned political wrangling ever seen in government science funding.

subduction has kept the planet from recycling organic matter (if it has existed) and water with the same efficiency ... Perhaps, for this reason, Mars is today a dead planet, even if once it could have host to embryonic forms of life.

Author: Paolo Saraceno

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814483810

Category:

Page: 388

View: 372

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"What is the origin of the universe? Are we alone in the Universe?" Using clear and plain language, the author explores these two interesting scientific-philosophical themes with a broad range of studies, including astronomy, cosmology, chemistry, biology, geology and planet science. The first part discusses the origins of everything, from the Big Bang to humankind. It follows the long course of evolution — from original matter to the formation of more complex structures, from the furthest galaxies to the nearest stars, from planets to organic molecules, from the first and most elementary forms of life through to the reptiles, the dinosaurs and the advent of man. The second part traces the history of the Earth and evaluates the risks of extinction in the future as predicted by scientists. Is the Earth the only habitable planet in the Universe? This question initiates the discussion on the importance of the Earth's position in the solar system and the significance of our geologically alive planet. The final part is dedicated to the search for extraterrestrial beings with identifiable life forms. It also describes attempts for searching, from the past to the near future. This remarkable book provides the best answers we have to the epic questions about us and our place in the universe. Contents: "Origins: "Our OriginsThe Beginning of EverythingOrigins of Stars and PlanetsThe Origin of the ElementsThe Origins of Life"The Case of the Earth: "History of the EarthExtinctionsAn Inhabitable PlanetThe Importance of Continental DriftThe Earth: A Rare Planet?"In Search of Another Gaia: "In Search of ETIThe MeasurementAppendix A: Astronomical ObservationsAppendix B: A Few Numbers Readership: General audience interested in general science.
2012-07-17 By Paolo Saraceno

In The Search for Life on Mars , Walter unveils his dramatic plan—already adopted by NASA—for finding these elusive traces of life.

Author: Katherine T. Walter

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0738201243

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 924

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Hidden beneath the sterile surface of Earth'sneighboring planet may be the keys to unlocking the origins of life in the universe. An expert on extreme-life environments, Malcolm Walter demonstrates that similarities between ancient Earth and Mars may prove crucial in the quest for life's origins. From the amazing discovery of microbial life in boiling hot springs on earth—which many scientists believe to be the source of life on Earth—to the vast oceans and rivers that once covered Mars, Walter argues that the best place to find evidence of life on Mars is out of reach of telescopes and space probes—it's in the rocks and subsurface water of the planet. In The Search for Life on Mars , Walter unveils his dramatic plan—already adopted by NASA—for finding these elusive traces of life. Taking a hard look at the latest newsmakers—like the alleged fossil found in a Mars rock—Walter puts the evidence in perspective and shows where our investigations have led thus far, and what the future may hold.
1999-11-04 By Katherine T. Walter

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