Search Results for tracks-across-continents-paths-through-history

Drawing on the economic theory of path dependence, and grounded in economic, technical, and institutional realities, this innovative volume traces how early historical events, and even idiosyncratic personalities, have affected choices of ...

Author: Douglas J. Puffert

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226685090

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 360

View: 343

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A standard track gauge—the distance between the two rails—enables connecting railway lines to exchange traffic. But despite the benefits of standardization, early North American railways used six different gauges extensively, and even today breaks of gauge at national borders and within such countries as India and Australia are expensive burdens on commerce. In Tracks across Continents, Paths through History, Douglas J. Puffert offers a global history of railway track gauge, examining early choices and the dynamic process of diversity and standardization that resulted. Drawing on the economic theory of path dependence, and grounded in economic, technical, and institutional realities, this innovative volume traces how early historical events, and even idiosyncratic personalities, have affected choices of gauge ever since, despite changing technology and understandings of what gauge is optimal. Puffert also uses this history to develop new insights in the theory of path dependence. Tracks across Continents, Paths through History will be essential reading for anyone interested in how history and economics inform each other.
2009-04 By Douglas J. Puffert

A review of historical passenger railway pricing and an agent-based simulation study on possible fare amendments Norman Kellermann ... (2009), Tracks Across Continents. Paths Through History. The Economic Dynamics of Standardization in ...

Author: Norman Kellermann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783658231125

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 261

View: 820

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This work reconstructs the history of fare policy in the European passenger railway industry and integrates behavioural pricing theory into an agent-based simulation model for railway revenue management. The model is employed to conduct artificial experiments on fare innovations. It represents supply and demand on a transport market including car traffic and is calibrated with empirical data of an incumbent European railway. The model uses a combination of marketing concepts, dynamics in time and social interaction of consumers to analyse revenue effects of different pricing options. This book provides insights for readers interested in the commercial aspects of transportation history. Furthermore, it is directed at researchers interested in pricing theory and the simulation method. It is also a rich source of information for practitioners in the revenue management branches of transport enterprises.
2018-08-29 By Norman Kellermann

establish sole authority over electrical standardization, the AIEE tended to focus on “fundamental practices,” and ... 69 Douglas J. Puffert, Tracks across Continents, Paths through History: The Economic Dynamics of Standardization in ...

Author: Andrew L. Russell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139916615

Category: History

Page:

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How did openness become a foundational value for the networks of the twenty-first century? Open Standards and the Digital Age answers this question through an interdisciplinary history of information networks that pays close attention to the politics of standardization. For much of the twentieth century, information networks such as the monopoly Bell System and the American military's Arpanet were closed systems subject to centralized control. In the 1970s and 1980s however, engineers in the United States and Europe experimented with design strategies to create new digital networks. In the process, they embraced discourses of 'openness' to describe their ideological commitments to entrepreneurship, technological innovation, and participatory democracy. The rhetoric of openness has flourished - for example, in movements for open government, open source software, and open access publishing - but such rhetoric also obscures the ways the Internet and other 'open' systems still depend heavily on hierarchical forms of control.
2014-04-28 By Andrew L. Russell

Tracks across Continents, Paths through History: The Economic Dynamics of Standardization in Railway Gauge. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009. Rampp, Lary C., and Donald L. Rampp. The Civil War in the Indian Territory.

Author: Augustus J. Veenendaal

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806157955

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 208

View: 699

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Oklahoma was in the throes of the Great Depression when Preston George acquired a cheap Kodak folding camera and took his first photographs of steam locomotives. As depression gave way to world war, George kept taking pictures, now with a Graflex camera that could capture moving trains. In this first book devoted solely to George’s work, his black-and-white photographs constitute a striking visual documentary of steam-driven railroading in its brief but glorious heyday in the American Southwest. The pictures also form a remarkable artistic accomplishment in their own right. Prominent among the magnificent action images collected here are the engines that were George’s passion—steam locomotives pulling long freights or strings of gleaming passenger cars through open country. But along with the fireworks of the heavier steam engines slogging through the mountains near the Arkansas border on the Kansas City Southern or climbing Raton Pass in New Mexico on the Santa Fe, George’s photographs also record humbler fare, such as the short trains of the Frisco and Katy piloted by ancient light steamers, and the final years of that state’s interurban lines. Augustus J. Veenendaal Jr.’s brief history of railroads in the Sooner State puts these images into perspective, as does a reminiscence by George’s daughter Burnis on his life and his pursuit of railroad photography. With over 150 images and a wealth of historical and biographical information, this volume makes accessible to an audience beyond the most avid railfans the extent of Preston George's extraordinary achievement.
2017-01-17 By Augustus J. Veenendaal

Creating Abundance: Biological Innovation and American Agricultural Development. New York: Cambridge University Press. Puffert, Douglas J. (2009). Tracks across Continents, Paths through History: The Economic Dynamics of Standardization ...

Author: Paul Rhode

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804771856

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 461

View: 579

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Papers originally presented at a conference sponsored by Stanford University's Institute for Economic Policy Research (SIEPR) and held Sept. 26-27, 2008.
2011-01-28 By Paul Rhode

A Concise Economic History of the World: From Paleolithic Times to the Present, 4th ed. Oxford University Press, New York. ... Tracks across Continents, Paths through History: The Economic Dynamics of Standardization in Railway Gauge.

Author: Christoph Roser

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781315350912

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 417

View: 616

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The industrial revolution, mechanization, water and steam power, computers, and automation have given an enormous boost to manufacturing productivity. "Faster, Better, Cheaper" in the History of Manufacturing shows how the ability to make products faster, better, and cheaper has evolved from the stone age to modern times. It explains how different developments over time have raised efficiency and allowed the production of more and better products with less effort and materials, and hence faster, better, and cheaper. In addition, it describes the stories of inventors, entrepreneurs, and industrialists and looks at the intersection between technology, society, machines, materials, management, and – most of all – humans. "Faster, Better, Cheaper" in the History of Manufacturing follows this development throughout the ages. This book covers not only the technical aspects (mechanization, power sources, new materials, interchangeable parts, electricity, automation), but organizational innovations (division of labor, Fordism, Talyorism, Lean). Most of all, it is a story of the people that invented, manufactured, and marketed the products. The book shows how different developments over time raised efficiency and allowed production of more with less effort and materials, which brought us a large part of the wealth and prosperity we enjoy today. The stories of real inventors and industrialists are told, which includes not only their successes but also their problems and failures. The effect of good or bad management on manufacturing is a recurring theme in many chapters, as is the fight for intellectual property through thrilling tales of espionage. This is a story of successes and failures. It is not only about technology but also about social aspects. Ultimately, it is not a book about machines but about people!
2016-10-04 By Christoph Roser

A Historical Perspective on Mobilities between Cores and Fringes Simone Fari, Massimo Moraglio. àotysz, Sáawomir. 2012. ... Tracks across continents, paths through history: the economic dynamics of standardization in railway gauge.

Author: Simone Fari

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443896528

Category: Social Science

Page: 275

View: 847

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The main purpose of the eleven contributions to this volume is to reconsider and re-assess the role of cores and peripheries in shaping modern socio-technical systems. From this perspective they explore a terrain of highly complex systems mainly operating on the so-called Western model: Railways, telegraphs, motor vehicles and airports were, in fact, all born in classic cores areas in the West and then spread out into the peripheries. The approach in itself is not new, but this volume has managed to bring out interestingly innovative elements and viewpoints. The contributors are not content with the traditional definitions of peripheries and flows, but tend to put them to the test, revise them and eventually offer critiques. The result is a tempering of the monolithic and traditional concept of a one-way transfer. No longer, therefore, a simple and linear act of adoption, but a recourse to adaptation – changes in meaning, use and perception. The volume is a starting point for future explorations on the subject of science and technology studies and takes part in a wider discussion of globalisation, global and transnational history.
2016-06-22 By Simone Fari

The making of Scotland's first industrial region: the early cotton industry in Renfrewshire. Journal of Scottish historical ... Tracks across continents, paths through history: the economic dynamics of standardization in railway gauge.

Author: Massimo Mastrogregori

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110317497

Category: History

Page: 426

View: 757

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Every year, the Bibliography catalogues the most important new publications, historiographical monographs, and journal articles throughout the world, extending from prehistory and ancient history to the most recent contemporary historical studies. Within the systematic classification according to epoch, region, and historical discipline, works are also listed according to author’s name and characteristic keywords in their title.
2013-12-18 By Massimo Mastrogregori

and Their Impact on Bengal«s Economy, 1870¥1920«, Indian Economic and Social History Review, 17 (2), pp. 191¥ 209. Puffert, D. (2009). Tracks Across Continents, Paths through History: The Economic Dynamics of Standardization in Railway ...

Author: Latika Chaudhary

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317674320

Category: Social Science

Page: 270

View: 825

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A New Economic History of Colonial India provides a new perspective on Indian economic history. Using economic theory and quantitative methods, it shows how the discipline is being redefined and how new scholarship on India is beginning to embrace and make use of concepts from the larger field of global economic history and economics. The book discusses the impact of property rights, the standard of living, the labour market and the aftermath of the Partition. It also addresses how education and work changed, and provides a rethinking of traditional topics including de-industrialization, industrialization, railways, balance of payments, and the East India Company. Written in an accessible way, the contributors – all leading experts in their fields – firmly place Indian history in the context of world history. An up-to-date critical survey and novel resource on Indian Economic History, this book will be useful for undergraduate and postgraduate courses on Economic History, Indian and South Asian Studies, Economics and Comparative and Global History.
2015-08-20 By Latika Chaudhary

78 Such issues of quantification and standardised measurements brought together men of science and men of business ... Puffert, Tracks across continents, paths through history: the economic dynamics ofstandardization in railway gauge ...

Author: Aashish Velkar

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139536820

Category: Business & Economics

Page:

View: 467

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Measurements are a central institutional component of markets and economic exchange. By the nineteenth century, the measurement system in Britain was desperately in need of revision: a multiplicity of measurement standards, proliferation of local or regional weights and measures, and a confusing array of measurement practices made everyday measurements unreliable. Aashish Velkar uncovers how metrology and economic logic alone failed to make 'measurements' reliable, and discusses the importance of localised practices in shaping trust in them. Markets and Measurements in Nineteenth-Century Britain steers away from the traditional explanations of measurement reliability based on the standardisation and centralisation of metrology; the focus is on changing measurement practices in local economic contexts. Detailed case studies from the industrial revolution suggest that such practices were path-dependent and 'anthropocentric'. Therefore, whilst standardised metrology may have improved precision, it was localised practices that determined the reliability and trustworthiness of measurements in economic contexts.
2012-06-25 By Aashish Velkar