Search Results for there-are-no-such-things-as-theories

Theories. in. the. Realism. Debate. Introduction Let us take stock: I have tried to articulate an argument for an eliminativist stance that can be summed up with the slogan: there are no such things as theories.

Author: Steven French

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198848158

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 658

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There Are No Such Things as Theories considers the fundamental question: what is a scientific theory? It presents a range of options - from theories are sets of propositions, to theories are families of models, abstract artefacts, or fictions - and highlights the various problems they all face. In so doing it draws multiple comparisons between theories and artworks: on the one hand, theories are like certain kinds of paintings with regard to their representational capacity; on the other, they are like musical works in that they can be multiply presented. An alternative answer to the question is then offered, drawing on the metaphysics of musical works: there are no such things as theories. Nevertheless, we can still talk about them, since that talk is made true by the various practices that scientists engage in. The implications of this form of eliminativism for the realism debate is then discussed and it is concluded that this may offer a more flexible framework in which we can understand both the history and the philosophy of science in general.
2020-02-20 By Steven French

There Are No Such Things as Theories considers the fundamental question: what is a scientific theory?

Author: Steven French

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192587459

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 159

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There Are No Such Things as Theories considers the fundamental question: what is a scientific theory? It presents a range of options - from theories are sets of propositions, to theories are families of models, abstract artefacts, or fictions - and highlights the various problems they all face. In so doing it draws multiple comparisons between theories and artworks: on the one hand, theories are like certain kinds of paintings with regard to their representational capacity; on the other, they are like musical works in that they can be multiply presented. An alternative answer to the question is then offered, drawing on the metaphysics of musical works: there are no such things as theories. Nevertheless, we can still talk about them, since that talk is made true by the various practices that scientists engage in. The implications of this form of eliminativism for the realism debate is then discussed and it is concluded that this may offer a more flexible framework in which we can understand both the history and the philosophy of science in general.
2020-02-20 By Steven French

What is a scientific theory? This book considers this fundamental question by presenting a range of options and the issues they raise.

Author: Steven French

Publisher:

ISBN: 0191882712

Category:

Page: 288

View: 273

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What is a scientific theory? This book considers this fundamental question by presenting a range of options and the issues they raise. It draws comparisons between theories and artworks and proposes that we should stop thinking of theories as things altogether.
2020 By Steven French

However, eliminativists argue that because there is no such thing as a mind, such mind-talk never works to accurately express ... They argue that any theory that appeals to minds and mind states (like thoughts and beliefs) should be ...

Author: Mary M. Litch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000203585

Category: Philosophy

Page: 424

View: 649

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In Philosophy through Film, Amy Karofsky and Mary M. Litch use recently released, well-received films to explore answers to classic questions in philosophy in an approachable yet philosophically rigorous manner. Each chapter incorporates one or more films to examine one longstanding philosophical question or problem and assess some of the best solutions that have been offered to it. The authors fully integrate the films into their discussion of the issues, using them to help students become familiar with key topics in all major areas of Western philosophy and master the techniques of philosophical argumentation. Revised and expanded, changes to the Fourth Edition include: A brand new chapter on the mind-body problem (chapter 4), which includes discussions of substance dualism, physicalism, eliminativism, functionalism, and other relevant theories. The replacement of older movies with nine new focus films: Ad Astra, Arrival, Beautiful Boy, Divergent, Ex Machina, Her, Live Die Repeat: Edge of Tomorrow, A Serious Man, and Silence. The addition of two new primary readings to the appendix of source materials: excerpts from Patricia Smith Churchland’s, "Can Neurobiology Teach Us Anything about Consciousness?" and Frank Jackson’s "What Mary Didn’t Know." The inclusion of a Website, with a Story Lines of Films by Elapsed Time for each focus film. The films examined in depth are: Ad Astra, Arrival, Beautiful Boy, Crimes and Misdemeanors, Divergent, Equilibrium, Ex Machina, Gone Baby Gone, Her, Inception, Live Die Repeat: Edge of Tomorrow, The Matrix, Memento, Minority Report, Moon, A Serious Man, Silence
2020-10-19 By Mary M. Litch

Mathematical Error Theory : ( a ) Our mathematical sentences and theories do purport to be about abstract objects , but ( b ) there are no such things as abstract objects , and so ( c ) our mathematical sentences and theories are not ...

Author: Mark Balaguer

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198868361

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 663

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Metaphysics, Sophistry, and Illusion introduces a novel kind of non-factualist view, and argues that we should endorse views of this kind in connection with a wide class of metaphysical questions. It also explains how these non-factualist views fit into a general anti-metaphysical view called neo-positivism.
2021-01-26 By Mark Balaguer

Some theories deny that this is true. This is not the position that there is no such thing as human nature, taken by existentialists and some feminists and social constructionists. The position we now turn to is, in a way, more radical: ...

Author: Peter Loptson

Publisher: Broadview Press

ISBN: 9781460402030

Category: Philosophy

Page: 287

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This book explores the idea of human nature and the many understandings of it put forward by such diverse figures as Aristotle, Rousseau, Marx, Freud, Darwin, and E.O. Wilson. Each chapter looks at a different theory and offers a concise explanation, assessing the theory's plausibility without forcing it into a mould. Some chapters deal with the ideas of only one thinker, while others (such as the chapters on liberalism and feminism) present a variety of different positions. A clear distinction is made between theories of human nature and the political theories which so often follow from them. For the new edition, Loptson has addressed the new developments in the rapidly expanding genetic and paleontological record, as well as expanded the discussion of the Christian theory of human nature by incorporating the ideas of the Marx scholar and social theorist G.A. Cohen. The new edition has also been substantively revised and updated throughout.
2006-01-06 By Peter Loptson

results in the philosophy of mind and psychology, in a way which the Thing Theory does not. ... But, if there are neither mental images nor mental formulae, then no word corresponds to such things. So no word would be meaningful.

Author: Robert J. Stainton

Publisher: Broadview Press

ISBN: 9781551110868

Category: Philosophy

Page: 254

View: 275

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Philosophical theorizing about language now involves an increasing emphasis on empirical work and a renewed convergence with philosophy of mind, formal semantics and logic. This new text reflects this evolution. Philosophical Perspectives on Language is distinguished in several important respects from other introductions to the topic. Rather than looking at philosophy of language as a collection of (at best) loosely related topics—speech acts, demonstratives, sense and reference, truth and meaning, etc.—this book is organized around a unifying theme: language as a system of symbols that is known and used.
1996-03-18 By Robert J. Stainton

The contextual theory of truth as presented here is of the latter approach to truth-finding and it is akin to theories of ... More intuitively, there is no such thing as an object's simply looking red: something looks red, or not, ...

Author: Harald Haarmann

Publisher: Georg Olms Verlag

ISBN: 9783487155425

Category: Philosophy

Page: 375

View: 417

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Platon zählt zu den einflussreichsten Philosophen aller Zeiten. Er beeinflusste maßgeblich Profil und Kanon der westlichen Philosophie. Die Kritik am sogenannten Platonismus wurde kontinuierlich von den Schwierigkeiten gespeist, die die Interpretation der philosophischen Schriften Platons bereitet. Gemeinhin wird er als rein rationaler Philosoph gesehen. Ein Philosoph war er in der Tat, ebenso jedoch ein Experte in der Annäherung an das Nicht-Rationale, unter anderem in Form von Mythen. So wurde er auch als "Mythenerfinder" und "Mythologe" bezeichnet. Platon war ein Visionär, der es wagte, das Reich des Nicht-Rationalen auf systematische und disziplinierte Art zu erforschen. Insgesamt lässt sich Platons philosophisches Vorhaben als Streben nach einer umfassenden Sicht des organischen Ganzen klassifizieren. Der Ausdruck „Gestalt“ scheint die Ganzheit am ehesten zu beschreiben. Platon kann als prominentester und auch als letzter Repräsentant der antiken Philosophie angesehen werden, der die Entwicklung einer Gestalt-Philosophie anstrebte. Plato is one of the most influential philosophers of all time. He decisively shaped the profile and canon of western philosophy. Criticism of what has become known as Platonism has been continuously nourished by the difficulties of interpreting this philosopher's writings. Plato is commonly viewed as a purely rational philosopher. A philosopher he was indeed, but Plato was also an expert in approaching the non-rational, in the form of mythology among others. Plato has been called a "mythmaker" and a "mythologist". Plato was a visionary who dared to explore the realm of the non-rational in a systematic and disciplined way. In an overall comparison, Plato's philosophical enterprise strives for a comprehensive perspective on the organic whole. The expression "Gestalt" seems to come closest to describing the wholeness. Plato may be considered to be the most prominent representative of classical philosophy to develop a Gestalt philosophy and also the last to do so in antiquity.
2017-02-01 By Harald Haarmann

It argues that there are no such things as mental states like beliefs , desires , and so forth . From the point of view of the Eliminativist ... They are elements in an outdated , no longer plausible , theory called " Folk Psychology .

Author: Suzanne Cunningham

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 0872205185

Category: Philosophy

Page: 274

View: 652

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A textbook for a course introducing the philosophy of mind for students who may have no background in philosophy at all. Cunningham (philosophy, Loyola U., Chicago) integrates information from a number of other fields such as psychology, neuroscience, and evolutionary biology, and explains some of the more technical philosophical terms in non-technical language. She includes issues for discussion and suggested research projects. Annotation copyrighted by Book News Inc., Portland, OR

Scientific theories simply cannot be confirmed , so it is obviously a mistake to attempt to do so . Popper says bluntly , " there are no such things as good positive reasons ; nor do we need such things ” ( 1974 , p . 1043 ) .

Author: Daniel M. Hausman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521417406

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 259

View: 538

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This collection brings together the essays of one of the foremost American philosophers of economics. Cumulatively they offer fresh perspectives on foundational questions such as: what sort of science is economics? and how successful can economists be in acquiring knowledge of their subject matter?
1992-11-27 By Daniel M. Hausman