Search Results for the-politics-of-industrial-agriculture-natural-resource-management-set

In the last forty years, agriculture in the industrialised countries has undergone a revolution.

Author: Tracey Clunies-Ross

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134063932

Category: Law

Page: 172

View: 923

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In the last forty years, agriculture in the industrialised countries has undergone a revolution. That has dramatically increased yields, but it has also led to extensive rural depopulation; widespread degradation of the environment; contamination of food with agrochemicals and bacteria; more routine maltreatment of farm animals; and the undermining of Third World economies and livelihoods through unfair trading systems. Confronted by mounting evidence of environmental harm and social impacts, mainstream agronomistis and policy-makers have debatedly recognized the need for change. 'Sustainable agricultutre' has become the buzz phrase. But that can mean different things to different people. We have to ask: sustainable agriculture for whom? Whose interests are benefiting? And whose are suffering? At issue is the question of power – of who controls the land and what it produces. Most of the changes currently under discussion will actually strengthen the status quo and the underlying causes of the damage. The result will be greater intensification of farming, environmental destruction and inequality. There are no simple off-the-shelf alternatives to industrial agriculture. There are, however, groups throughout the world, who have contributed to this report and who are working together on a new approach. An agriculture that, in Wendell Berry's words, 'depletes neither soil nor people'. Originally published in 1992
2013-11-05 By Tracey Clunies-Ross

3 Management strategies in natural resources: historical perspective. on forest resources such as wild food, minor forest ... Moreover, given the present genetic erosion due to industrial agriculture, it makes practical sense to create ...

Author: Yeqiao Wang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351043830

Category: Nature

Page: 1086

View: 351

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With unprecedented attention on global change, the current debate revolves around the availability and sustainability of natural resources and how to achieve equilibrium between what society demands from natural environments and what the natural resource base can provide. A full understanding of the range of issues, from the consequences of the changing resource bases to the degradation of ecological integrity and the sustainability of life, is crucial to the process of developing solutions to this complex challenge. Authored by world-class scientists and scholars, The Encyclopedia of Natural Resources provides an authoritative reference on a broad spectrum of topics such as the forcing factors and habitats of life; their histories, current status, and future trends; and their societal connections, economic values, and management. The content presents state-of-the-art science and technology development and perspectives of resource management. Written and designed with a broad audience in mind, the entries clearly elucidate the issues for readers at all levels. Volume I – Land includes 98 entries that cover the topical areas of renewable and nonrenewable natural resources such as forest and vegetative; soil; terrestrial coastal and inland wetlands; landscape structure and function and change; biological diversity; ecosystem services, protected areas, and management; natural resource economics; and resource security and sustainability. In Volume II, Water includes 59 entries and Air includes 31 entries. The Water entries cover topical areas such as fresh water, groundwater, water quality and watersheds, ice and snow, coastal environments, and marine resources and economics. The Air entries cover air pollutants, atmospheric oscillation, circulation patterns and atmospheric water storage, as well as agroclimatology, climate change, and extreme events. Additional topics in meteorology include acid rain, drought, ozone depletion, water storage, and more. Natural resources represent such a broad scope of complex and challenging topics that a reference book must cover a vast number of subjects in order to be titled an encyclopedia. The Encyclopedia of Natural Resources does just that. The topics covered help readers face current and future issues in the maintenance of clean air and water as well as the preservation of land resources and native biodiversity.
2014-06-01 By Yeqiao Wang

Is the state designated as the principal owner of all natural resources? ... that has full competency to make decisions concerning land and natural resource management (and therefore functions under a distinct set of state regulations), ...

Author: Arcus Foundation

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107139688

Category: Nature

Page: 359

View: 695

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Presents new research and analysis along with case studies to examine the interface between ape conservation and industrial agriculture. This title is available as Open Access.
2015-12-17 By Arcus Foundation

Full list of titles in the set NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Volume 1: Genes from the Wild Volume 2: Waterlogged ... Seed Volume 10: Unwelcome Harvest Volume 11: The Politics of Industrial Agriculture Volume 12: Forest Politics Volume 13: ...

Author: Caroline Sargent

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134064779

Category: Law

Page: 196

View: 186

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Plantations are playing an increasingly important part in the development and the economies of the South. Plantation Politics is the first book to examine their rationale and purpose, exposing the misconceptions and myths that have surrounded their role, and describing the contribution they can make to sustainable development. At their best, industrial plantations can become a major asset to local development by providing raw materials, infrastructure, employment, income and environmental and recreational services. At their worst, plantations, usually imposed from a 'top-down' perspective and ignoring local needs, values and rights, have monopolized land in times of food shortage, degraded wild animal and plant populations, and destroyed habitats and landscapes. The contributors analyse the conditions appropriate for both simple and complex plantations, and the contributions each can make. Complex plantations, whether established from scratch or within natural forest, are more suitable in most cases, where they are subject to numerous different claims and needs. However, their ownership, management and silviculture present new challenges challenges which, without the carefully researched guidelines offered here, current policy and research may well be ill-equipped to take up. Caroline Sargent is the Director and Stephen Bass is the Associate Director of the Forestry Programme at the International Institute for Environment and Development. Originally published in 1992
2013-11-05 By Caroline Sargent

Full list of titles in the set NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Volume 1: Genes from the Wild Volume 2: Waterlogged Wealth ... the Seed Volume 10:Unwelcome Harvest Volume 11:The Politics of Industrial Agriculture Volume 12:Forest Politics ...

Author: Gordon R. Conway

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134063093

Category: Law

Page: 210

View: 842

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'The Green Revolution' of the 60's and 70's produced immense gains in food cereal production in the Third World. But there are huge problems in the 'post-revolutionary' era: farmers with small or marginal holdings have benefited less than wealthier farmers; intensive mono-cropping has made production more susceptible to environmental stresses and shocks. Now there is evidence of diminishing returns from intensive and intensively chemical agricultural production. What is needed is a new approach, equally revolutionary, but different in its ideas and style. The authors set out what they mean by 'sustainable' agriculture in the new era and look at the effects of international economic restraints and of national policies on the kind of development they see as necessary. They chart a path for sustainable livelihoods for Third World farmers enmeshed by forces outside their control. They describe methods of evaluating and resolving the tough trade-offs all levels of intervention, from international trade down to the individual farm. This book cannot provide all the answers, but it does indicate what international conditions we need to be aware of, what national policies we need to advocate and what approaches at the local level we need to adopt to ensure the goal of agricultural sustainability. Originally published in 1990
2013-11-05 By Gordon R. Conway

Agriculture and pollution Gordon R. Conway, Jules N. Pretty ... 13: Volume 14: Volume 15: Volume 16: Volume 17: Volume 18: Full list of titles in the set NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Genes from the Wild Waterlogged Wealth The Threatening ...

Author: Gordon R. Conway

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134063581

Category: Law

Page: 676

View: 616

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Agriculture Pollutes: pesticides can destroy wildlife and some are toxic to humans; some fungicides and herbicides cause cancer. Nitrates result in the contamination of drinking water and produce the risk of the blue-baby syndrome in infants and of stomach cancer in adults. Agriculture produces methane, ammonia, nitrous oxide and the products of burning off, all of which add to the world's problems of acid rain, depletion of the ozone layer and global warming. This book, which focuses on the UK, the USA and Third World countries, is the first comprehensive review of agriculture and pollution: it examines the facts and assesses the relative dangers of each pollution problem. It also considers the effects of pollution on agriculture itself crop yields are depressed and livestock damaged by various forms of pollution from all sources. The authors offer solutions to these apparently overwhelming problems, and describe existing technology which would allow us to deal with them. Originally published in 1991
2013-11-05 By Gordon R. Conway

Genetic diversity and European agriculture Renee Vellve ... Volume 16: Volume 17: Volume 18: Full list of titles in the set NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Genes from the Wild Waterlogged Wealth The Threatening Desert Our Common Seas Asking ...

Author: Renee Vellve

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134063307

Category: Law

Page: 210

View: 354

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Genetic diversity is essential to the security of agriculture. Without the availability of a wide range of plant varieties and the genetic resources they contain, crops cannot adapt to combat the ever-changing threats of pests, diseases and climatic change. Yet, with the increasing industrialisation of modern agriculture, farming has become a business which centres on a handful of new, genetically similar 'super seeds'. Plants must evolve in order to survive, but modern agriculture has replaced diversity with uniformity, and security with vulnerability. Saving the Seed traces the decline of crop varieties in European farming and describes what is being done to safeguard genetic resources for the future. Conservation efforts by government and industry suffer from serious drawbacks, with wrangles over ownership and control of resources. The crucial work is being done by individuals and grassroots organisations, who largely go unrecognised and under-resourced. What is urgently needed are sound policies to promote the diversification of agriculture and an integrated strategy for safeguarding the genetic base of our food system. Saving the Seed contains the most up-to-date information available on genetic resources in Europe and on those working to save them. Renee Vellve is a researcher at GRAIN, a no-governmental organisation working to promote the sustainable conservation and use of genetic diversity, based on grassroots approaches to genetic resources management. Originally published in 1992
2013-11-05 By Renee Vellve

Resource. Management. The research program on environment and natural resource management covers a wide range of topics including climate change, agricultural and industrial pollution, and the management of natural resources.

Author:

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821374061

Category: Adaptation (Biology)

Page: 286

View: 226

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This pocket-sized reference on key environmental data for over 200 countries includes key indicators on agriculture, forestry, biodiversity, energy, emission and pollution, and water and sanitation. The volume helps establish a sound base of information to help set priorities and measure progress toward environmental sustainability goals.
2008 By

Using Wild Genetic Resources for Food and Raw Materials Robert Prescott-Allen, Christine Prescott-Allen ... 17: Volume 18: Full list of titles in the set NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Genes from the Wild Waterlogged Wealth The Threatening ...

Author: Robert Prescott-Allen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134061341

Category: Law

Page: 116

View: 500

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Tomatoes could not be grown commercially without the help of their wild relatives. A single wild species of rice has helped double rice production in Asia. Wild silk-worms are enabling India to expand its silk industry. A wild carp with resistance to cold has been used to extend Soviet carp production further into the north. Wild genetic resources - the heritable characteristics of wild plants and animals - are used increasingly to improve domesticated crops and livestock and as new sources of food and of raw materials. But habitat destruction, over-exploitation and competition from introduced species is destroying many gene pools even before they have been identified. Genes from the Wild describes the growing contribution of wild genetic resources to the production of food and raw materials, describes their characteristics, explains the benefits and problems of using them and outlines the ways in which they are threatened and the measures being taken to conserve them. Originally published in 1988
2013-11-05 By Robert Prescott-Allen

In 2004 the Department of Infrastructure, Planning and Natural Resources released its Western Parklands Management ... industry and local government for the major strategy and policy changes, particularly around planning, set out in the ...

Author: Craig Pearson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136543142

Category: Political Science

Page: 128

View: 901

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Most of us live in cities. These are becoming increasingly complex and removed from broad-scale agriculture. Yet within cities there are many examples of greenspaces and local food production that bring multiple benefits that often go unnoticed. This book presents a collection of the latest thinking on the multiple dimensions of sustainable greenspace and food production within cities. It describes the diversity of 'urban agriculture' and seeks a balanced representation between the biophysical and the social. It deals with urban agriculture across scales - from indoor plants to farm-scale filtration of greywater. A range of examples and initiatives from both developed and developing countries is described and evaluated.
2011-05-17 By Craig Pearson