Search Results for the-origin-of-others

Ta-Nehisi Coates provides a foreword to Toni Morrison’s most personal work of nonfiction to date.

Author: Toni Morrison

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674976450

Category: History

Page: 114

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What is race and why does it matter? Why does the presence of Others make us so afraid? America’s foremost novelist reflects on themes that preoccupy her work and dominate politics: race, fear, borders, mass movement of peoples, desire for belonging. Ta-Nehisi Coates provides a foreword to Toni Morrison’s most personal work of nonfiction to date.
2017-09-18 By Toni Morrison

Perhaps some of this individualism is an artifact of growth in the brains of the great apes. As we noted in Chapter 3, apes and a few other very intelligent animals, such as dolphins and elephants, can recognize themselves when facing a ...

Author: Jonathan H. Turner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317255093

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

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Kinship, religion, and economy were not "natural" to humans, nor to species of apes that had to survive on the African savanna. Society from its very beginnings involved an uneasy necessity that often stood in conflict with humans' ape ancestry; these tensions only grew along with later, more complex-eventually colossal-sociocultural systems. The ape in us was not extinguished, nor obviated, by culture; indeed, our ancestry continues to place pressures on individuals and their sociocultural creations. Not just an exercise in history, this pathbreaking book dispels many myths about the beginning of society to gain new understandings of the many pressures on societies today.
2015-11-17 By Jonathan H. Turner

By two, children have a “surprisingly sophisticated” grasp of others' desires, though not yet of their beliefs.41 Empathy arises from recognizing others' goals and desires, a capacity necessary in an individualized social species.

Author: Brian Boyd

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674057111

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 560

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A century and a half after the publication of Origin of Species, evolutionary thinking has expanded beyond the field of biology to include virtually all human-related subjects—anthropology, archeology, psychology, economics, religion, morality, politics, culture, and art. Now a distinguished scholar offers the first comprehensive account of the evolutionary origins of art and storytelling. Brian Boyd explains why we tell stories, how our minds are shaped to understand them, and what difference an evolutionary understanding of human nature makes to stories we love. Art is a specifically human adaptation, Boyd argues. It offers tangible advantages for human survival, and it derives from play, itself an adaptation widespread among more intelligent animals. More particularly, our fondness for storytelling has sharpened social cognition, encouraged cooperation, and fostered creativity. After considering art as adaptation, Boyd examines Homer’s Odyssey and Dr. Seuss’s Horton Hears a Who! demonstrating how an evolutionary lens can offer new understanding and appreciation of specific works. What triggers our emotional engagement with these works? What patterns facilitate our responses? The need to hold an audience’s attention, Boyd underscores, is the fundamental problem facing all storytellers. Enduring artists arrive at solutions that appeal to cognitive universals: an insight out of step with contemporary criticism, which obscures both the individual and universal. Published for the bicentenary of Darwin’s birth and the 150th anniversary of the publication of Origin of Species, Boyd’s study embraces a Darwinian view of human nature and art, and offers a credo for a new humanism.
2010-11-15 By Brian Boyd

Create Hours of Conversation: - Promote an atmosphere of discussion for groups - Foster a deeper understanding of the book - Assist in the study of the book, either individually or corporately - Explore unseen realms of the book as never ...

Author: Bookhabits

Publisher: Blurb

ISBN: 1389447189

Category: Education

Page: 68

View: 871

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The Origin of Others by Toni Morrison Conversation Starters The Origin of Others by Nobel prize- and Pulitzer Prize-winning author Toni Morrison is based on the author's lecture entitled "The Literature of Belonging." The book deals with the author's insight into the effects that literature, history, politics, and personal experiences have had on American culture regarding race. Morrison investigates the role authors such as Ernest Hemingway and William Faulkner have on Americans perception of race. Morrison discusses her idea of "Othering," which refers to those who have been cast out, the ones who are not accepted. Released in September 2017, The Origin of Others has already received rave reviews, impressing both readers and critics. A Brief Look Inside: EVERY GOOD BOOK CONTAINS A WORLD FAR DEEPER than the surface of its pages. The characters and their world come alive, and the characters and its world still live on. Conversation Starters is peppered with questions designed to bring us beneath the surface of the page and invite us into the world that lives on. These questions can be used to... Create Hours of Conversation: - Promote an atmosphere of discussion for groups - Foster a deeper understanding of the book - Assist in the study of the book, either individually or corporately - Explore unseen realms of the book as never seen before Disclaimer: This book you are about to enjoy is an independent resource meant to supplement the original book. If you have not yet read the original book, we encourage you to before purchasing this unofficial Conversation Starters.
2019-05-22 By Bookhabits

the Stoic approaches his profound indifference for any other objects . On the other hand , the citizen is always active and in a sweat , always agitated , and unceasingly tormenting himself in order to seek still more laborious ...

Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 0872201503

Category: Philosophy

Page: 112

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Focuses on the cultural and intellectual milieu in which Rousseau operated. This title includes a select bibliography, a note on the text, a translator's note, and Rousseau's own "Notes on the Discourse."
1992-03-13 By Jean-Jacques Rousseau

another; and each aphis, as soon as it felt the antennas, immediately lifted up its abdomen and excreted a limpid drop of sweet juice, which was eagerly devoured by the ant. 40 :c each, as soon 41 Even the quite young aphides behaved in ...

Author: Charles Darwin

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812200515

Category: Science

Page: 816

View: 338

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The theories propounded by Charles Darwin in The Origin of Species have had a profound and revolutionary effect, not only on biology but also on philosophy, history, and theology. His concept of natural selection has created eruptive disputes among scientists and religious leaders of his time and ours. The phenomenal importance of his brilliant work is universally recognized, but the present volume marks the first scholarly attempt to compile a complete variorum edition of The Origin of Species, covering all of the extensive variants in the six texts published between 1859 and 1872. Darwin's changes were extensive. His book grew by a third as he rewrote many passages four or five times, and in this edition Morse Peckham has recorded every one of those changes. A book of such distinctive dimensions, on a subject of such profound importance, will be of intense interest to historians of biology, evolution, science, literature, and cultural development. It will be an invaluable aid to the clarification and full comprehension of this complex and renowned scientific classic.
2010-11-24 By Charles Darwin

attribution (namely, that the other is looking at or indicating something)? This is the rich interpretation of gaze or point following behavior. Alternatively, the behavior might merely be a conditioned response (follow the gaze or ...

Author: Susan Carey

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199887910

Category: Psychology

Page: 608

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Only human beings have a rich conceptual repertoire with concepts like tort, entropy, Abelian group, mannerism, icon and deconstruction. How have humans constructed these concepts? And once they have been constructed by adults, how do children acquire them? While primarily focusing on the second question, in The Origin of Concepts , Susan Carey shows that the answers to both overlap substantially. Carey begins by characterizing the innate starting point for conceptual development, namely systems of core cognition. Representations of core cognition are the output of dedicated input analyzers, as with perceptual representations, but these core representations differ from perceptual representations in having more abstract contents and richer functional roles. Carey argues that the key to understanding cognitive development lies in recognizing conceptual discontinuities in which new representational systems emerge that have more expressive power than core cognition and are also incommensurate with core cognition and other earlier representational systems. Finally, Carey fleshes out Quinian bootstrapping, a learning mechanism that has been repeatedly sketched in the literature on the history and philosophy of science. She demonstrates that Quinian bootstrapping is a major mechanism in the construction of new representational resources over the course of childrens cognitive development. Carey shows how developmental cognitive science resolves aspects of long-standing philosophical debates about the existence, nature, content, and format of innate knowledge. She also shows that understanding the processes of conceptual development in children illuminates the historical process by which concepts are constructed, and transforms the way we think about philosophical problems about the nature of concepts and the relations between language and thought.
2009-05-06 By Susan Carey

indeed , others far more complex ; there are no other animals who can do it . Increasingly complex social life also demanded communication . The crucial role of a uniquely structured language for mediating joint attention and joint ...

Author: Ken Richardson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415173698

Category: Psychology

Page: 217

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... Offers a new insight into the arguments (of nature versus nurture) by showing that many of the assumptions on both sides are false ... re-examines evidence about the nature of genes, evolution and the nature of the environment in the development of cognitive ability.
1998 By Ken Richardson

the essential changes, which led to modern humans, might have been dependent on experience, which in turn brought about ... the substratum for our ability to be aware of our own sensations and intentions as well as those of others.

Author: Bernd Rosslenbroich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783319041414

Category: Philosophy

Page: 297

View: 555

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This volume describes features of autonomy and integrates them into the recent discussion of factors in evolution. In recent years ideas about major transitions in evolution are undergoing a revolutionary change. They include questions about the origin of evolutionary innovation, their genetic and epigenetic background, the role of the phenotype and of changes in ontogenetic pathways. In the present book, it is argued that it is likewise necessary to question the properties of these innovations and what was qualitatively generated during the macroevolutionary transitions. The author states that a recurring central aspect of macroevolutionary innovations is an increase in individual organismal autonomy whereby it is emancipated from the environment with changes in its capacity for flexibility, self-regulation and self-control of behavior. The first chapters define the concept of autonomy and examine its history and its epistemological context. Later chapters demonstrate how changes in autonomy took place during the major evolutionary transitions and investigate the generation of organs and physiological systems. They synthesize material from various disciplines including zoology, comparative physiology, morphology, molecular biology, neurobiology and ethology. It is argued that the concept is also relevant for understanding the relation of the biological evolution of man to his cultural abilities. Finally the relation of autonomy to adaptation, niche construction, phenotypic plasticity and other factors and patterns in evolution is discussed. The text has a clear perspective from the context of systems biology, arguing that the generation of biological autonomy must be interpreted within an integrative systems approach.
2014-04-15 By Bernd Rosslenbroich

Such was, or may well have been, the origin of society and law, which bound new fetters on the poor, and gave new powers to the rich; ... In consequence of seeing each other often, they could not do without seeing each other constantly.

Author: Gary B. Herbert

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412816205

Category:

Page:

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2003 By Gary B. Herbert