Search Results for the-justice-laboratory

This book reviews five examples of international criminal justice as they have been applied across Africa, where brutal civil conflicts in recent decades resulted in varying degrees of global attention and action.

Author: Kerstin Bree Carlson

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815738145

Category: Political Science

Page: 178

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Examining how international criminal law has—and hasn’t—brought justice following war crimes in Africa Ever since World War II, the United Nations and other international actors have created laws, treaties, and institutions to punish perpetrators of genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. These efforts have established universally recognized norms and have resulted in several high-profile convictions in egregious cases. But international criminal justice now seems to be a declining force—its energy sapped by long delays in prosecutions, lagging public attention, and a globally rising authoritarianism that disregards legal niceties. This book reviews five examples of international criminal justice as they have been applied across Africa, where brutal civil conflicts in recent decades resulted in varying degrees of global attention and action. The first three chapters examine key international mechanisms: the International Criminal Court, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, and the hybrid tribunal established in Senegal to try state crimes committed in Chad. These chapters illustrate how the design and practice of the institutions led to similarly unexpected and unsatisfying outcomes. The final two chapters examine emerging and proposed international criminal justice mechanisms. One is a tribunal intended to facilitate peace in the new but war-torn country of South Sudan, not yet operational and unlikely to perform better than its predecessors. Finally, the book considers the developing human rights practice of the little-studied East African Court, a regional commercial court in Arusha, Tanzania, to show how local judicial creativity can win a role for courts in facilitating good governance. Written in an accessible style, this book explores the connections between politics and the doctrine of international criminal law. Highlighting little-known institutional examples and under-discussed political situations, the book contributes to a broader international understanding of African politics and international criminal justice, as well as the lessons the African experiences offer for other regions.
2022-04-05 By Kerstin Bree Carlson

The Justice Laboratory Program Mission and Goals of the Lab Program The ' he Justice Laboratory Program's mission is to improve the performance of the Department of Justice by providing a consistent , formal framework for innovation ...

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Publisher:

ISBN: PURD:32754069304388

Category: Justice, Administration of

Page: 21

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This book exposes the dangerously imperfect forensic evidence that we rely on for criminal convictions.

Author: Brandon L. Garrett

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520389656

Category: Law

Page: 261

View: 276

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This book exposes the dangerously imperfect forensic evidence that we rely on for criminal convictions. "That's not my fingerprint, your honor," said the defendant, after FBI experts reported a "100-percent identification." The FBI was wrong. It is shocking how often they are. Autopsy of a Crime Lab is the first book to catalog the sources of error and the faulty science behind a range of well-known forensic evidence, from fingerprints and firearms to forensic algorithms. In this devastating forensic takedown, noted legal expert Brandon L. Garrett poses the questions that should be asked in courtrooms every day: Where are the studies that validate the basic premises of widely accepted techniques such as fingerprinting? How can experts testify with 100-percent certainty about a fingerprint, when there is no such thing as a 100 percent match? Where is the quality control at the crime scenes and in the laboratories? Should we so readily adopt powerful new technologies like facial recognition software and rapid DNA machines? And why have judges been so reluctant to consider the weaknesses of so many long-accepted methods? Taking us into the lives of the wrongfully convicted or nearly convicted, into crime labs rocked by scandal, and onto the front lines of promising reform efforts driven by professionals and researchers alike, Autopsy of a Crime Lab illustrates the persistence and perniciousness of shaky science and its well-meaning practitioners.
2022-03 By Brandon L. Garrett

JUSTICE . 6 man of his personal liberty , his property , or any identical one . We can live without generosity , or other thing belonging to him by law ; justice , there- with some very small share of it ; a thoroughly fore , requires ...

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ISBN: HARVARD:HN52JY

Category:

Page: 894

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Contractor : Lawrence Livermore Laboratory , Livermore , California Award : $ 200,000 Project Director : David Dorn , University of California , Lawrence Livermore Laboratory , Livermore , California 95550 This project is examining the ...

Author: National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89017620279

Category: Criminal justice, Administration of

Page: 426

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But there is little scientificmerit in criticism on the basis simply of differences between the laboratory test situation and the situation presumed to be most common in natural settings. It wouldbe betterfor thecriticto advance an ...

Author: E.Allan Lind

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781489921154

Category: Psychology

Page: 267

View: 102

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We dedicate this book to John Thibaut. He was mentor and personal friend to one of us, and his work had a profound intellectual influence on both of us. We were both strongly influenced by Thibaut's insightful articulation of the importance to psychology of the concept of pro cedural justice and by his empirical work with Laurens Walker in reactions to legal institu demonstrating the role of procedural justice tions. The great importance we accord the Thibaut and Walker work is evident throughout this volume. If anyone person can be said to have created an entire field of inquiry, John Thibaut created the psychological study of procedural justice. (To honor Thibaut thus in no sense reduces our recognition of the contributions of his co-worker, Laurens Walker, in the creation of the field. We are as certain that Walker would endorse our statement as we are that Thibaut, with characteristic modesty, would demur from it. ) Even to praise Thibaut in this fashion falls short of recognizing all of his contributions to procedural justice. Not only did he initiate the psy chological study of the topic, he also built much of the intellectual foun dation upon which the study of procedural justice rests. Thibaut's work with Harold Kelley (1959; Kelley & Thibaut, 1978) created a social psy chological theory of interdependence that, among many other applica tions, serves as the basis for one of the major models of the psychology of procedural justice.
2013-06-29 By E.Allan Lind

Uniting forensics, law, and social science in meaningful and relevant ways, Forensic Science and the Administration of Justice, by Kevin J. Strom and Matthew J. Hickman, is structured around current research on how forensic evidence is ...

Author: Kevin J. Strom

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 1452276889

Category: Law

Page: 312

View: 349

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Uniting forensics, law, and social science in meaningful and relevant ways, Forensic Science and the Administration of Justice, by Kevin J. Strom and Matthew J. Hickman, is structured around current research on how forensic evidence is being used and how it is impacting the justice system. This unique book—written by nationally known scholars in the field—includes five sections that explore the demand for forensic services, the quality of forensic services, the utility of forensic services, post-conviction forensic issues, and the future role of forensic science in the administration of justice. The authors offer policy-relevant directions for both the criminal justice and forensic fields and demonstrate how the role of the crime laboratory in the American justice system is evolving in concert with technological advances as well as changing demands and competing pressures for laboratory resources.
2014-04-22 By Kevin J. Strom

DNA analyst generate erroneous test results in a capital case , but also the laboratory's system of retesting ... If , however , DNA testing is to be used in the pursuit of justice , expert oversight of state police crime labs may be ...

Author: Paul Finkelman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351269636

Category: Political Science

Page: 2570

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Originally published in 2006, the Encyclopedia of American Civil Liberties, is a comprehensive 3 volume set covering a broad range of topics in the subject of American Civil Liberties. The book covers the topic from numerous different areas including freedom of speech, press, religion, assembly and petition. The Encyclopedia also addresses areas such as the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, slavery, censorship, crime and war. The book’s multidisciplinary approach will make it an ideal library reference resource for lawyers, scholars and students.
2021-02-25 By Paul Finkelman

These issues are further elaborated in the justice section at the end of this chapter. 2. ... the public hearing and the former director of the AAL analytical laboratory) and Dr. Rodahl told the Committee that, to their recollection, ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309054287

Category: Medical

Page: 117

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During the 1950s, with the Cold War looming, military planners sought to know more about how to keep fighting forces fit and capable in the harsh Alaskan environment. In 1956 and 1957, the U.S. Air Force's former Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory conducted a study of the role of the thyroid in human acclimatization to cold. To measure thyroid function under various conditions, the researchers administered a radioactive medical trace, Iodine-131, to Alaska Natives and white military personnel; based on the study results, the researchers determined that the thyroid did not play a significant role in human acclimatization to cold. When this study of thyroid function was revisited at a 1993 conference on the Cold War legacy in the Arctic, serious questions were raised about the appropriateness of the activityâ€"whether it posed risks to the people involved and whether the research had been conducted within the bounds of accepted guidelines for research using human participants. In particular, there was concern over the relatively large proportion of Alaska Natives used as subjects and whether they understood the nature of the study. This book evaluates the research in detail, looking at both the possible health effects of Iodine-131 administration in humans and the ethics of human subjects research. This book presents conclusions and recommendations and is a significant addition to the nation's current reevaluation of human radiation experiments conducted during the Cold War.

CRIME LABORATORY PROFICIENCY TESTING PROGRAM Percentages of Laboratories Reporting Results of “ Unacceptable Proficiency ... The LEAA supported certification program seeks to improve the quality of justice by increasing the professional ...

Author: United States. Law Enforcement Assistance Administration

Publisher:

ISBN: PURD:32754081661823

Category: Criminal justice, Administration of

Page:

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