Search Results for the-instrument-of-science

This volume presents a collection of original papers at the intersection of philosophy, the history of science, cultural and theatrical studies.

Author: Helmar Schramm

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110202409

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 575

View: 383

This volume presents a collection of original papers at the intersection of philosophy, the history of science, cultural and theatrical studies. Based on a series of case studies on the 17th century, it contributes to an understanding of the role played by instruments at the interface of science and art. The papers pursue the hypothesis that the development and construction of instruments make a substantive contribution to the opening of new fields of knowledge, the development of new cultural practices, but also to the delineation of particular genres, methods, and disciplines. This perspective leads the authors to reflect anew on what actually defines an instrument and to develop a series of basic questions to determine what an instrument is - which actions does the instrument incorporate? - which actions does the instrument make possible? - when do the objects of examination themselves become instruments? - what skills are required to use an instrument, which skills does it produce? With its combination of new theoretical models and historical case studies, its detailed demonstration of the mutual influence of art and science with the instrument as the point of intersection, this volume enters new territory. It is of great value for all those interested in the history of our perception of instruments. Besides the editors, the authors of the papers are: Jörg Jochen Berns, Olaf Breidbach, Georges Didi-Huberman, Peter Galison, Sybille Krämer, Dieter Mersch, Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, Wilhelm Schmidt-Biggemann, and Otto Sibum.
2008 By Helmar Schramm

Scientific Models in Philosophy of Science. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press. Baird, D. and T. Faust. 1990. 'Scientific Instruments, Scientific Progress and the Cyclotron', British Journal for the Philosophy for Science 41 ...

Author: Darrell P. Rowbottom

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429666292

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 357

Roughly, instrumentalism is the view that science is primarily, and should primarily be, an instrument for furthering our practical ends. It has fallen out of favour because historically influential variants of the view, such as logical positivism, suffered from serious defects. In this book, however, Darrell P. Rowbottom develops a new form of instrumentalism, which is more sophisticated and resilient than its predecessors. This position—‘cognitive instrumentalism’—involves three core theses. First, science makes theoretical progress primarily when it furnishes us with more predictive power or understanding concerning observable things. Second, scientific discourse concerning unobservable things should only be taken literally in so far as it involves observable properties or analogies with observable things. Third, scientific claims about unobservable things are probably neither approximately true nor liable to change in such a way as to increase in truthlikeness. There are examples from science throughout the book, and Rowbottom demonstrates at length how cognitive instrumentalism fits with the development of late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century chemistry and physics, and especially atomic theory. Drawing upon this history, Rowbottom also argues that there is a kind of understanding, empirical understanding, which we can achieve without having true, or even approximately true, representations of unobservable things. In closing the book, he sets forth his view on how the distinction between the observable and unobservable may be drawn, and compares cognitive instrumentalism with key contemporary alternatives such as structural realism, constructive empiricism, and semirealism. Overall, this book offers a strong defence of instrumentalism that will be of interest to scholars and students working on the debate about realism in philosophy of science.
2019-03-25 By Darrell P. Rowbottom

Cambridge : systemic approach to these challenges , by devel- Harvard University Press , 1970 . oping an instrument for determining the gunbore pressure , and by experimentally determining the shape for powder — the " perforated cake ...

Author: Robert Bud

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0815315619

Category: Science

Page: 709

View: 217

With over 300 entries from the ancient abacus to X-ray diffraction, as represented by a ca. 1900 photo of an X- ray machine as well as the latest research into filmless x- ray systems, this tour of the history of scientific instruments in multiple disciplines provides context and a bibliography for each entry. Newer conceptions of "instrument" include organisms widely used in research: e.g. the mouse, drosophila, and E. coli. Bandw photographs and diagrams showcase more traditional instruments from The Science Museum, London, and the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
1998 By Robert Bud

One trend in developing measurement instruments related to science inquiry is that more attention is being given to measuring integrated and complex science inquiry abilities or practices as compared to specific isolated inquiry skills.

Author: Xiufeng Liu

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 9781641139366

Category: Science

Page: 357

View: 827

This book meets a demand in the science education community for a comprehensive and introductory measurement book in science education. It describes measurement instruments reported in refereed science education research journals, and introduces the Rasch modeling approach to developing measurement instruments in common science assessment domains, i.e. conceptual understanding, affective variables, science inquiry, learning progression, and learning environments. This book can help readers develop a sound understanding of measurement theories and approaches, particularly Rasch modeling, to using and developing measurement instruments for science education research. This book is for anyone who is interested in knowing what measurement instruments are available and how to develop measurement instruments for science education research. For example, this book can be a textbook for a graduate course in science education research methods; it helps graduate students develop competence in using and developing standardized measurement instruments for science education research. Science education researchers, both beginning and experienced, may use this book as a reference for locating available and developing new measurement instruments when conducting a research study.
2020-02-01 By Xiufeng Liu

These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions.

Author: Robert John Ackermann


ISBN: WISC:89011855103

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 303

Robert John Ackermann deals decisively with the problem of relativism that has plagued post-empiricist philosophy of science. Recognizing that theory and data are mediated by data domains (bordered data sets produced by scientific instruments), he argues that the use of instruments breaks the dependency of observation on theory and thus creates a reasoned basis for scientific objectivity. Originally published in 1985. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.



ISBN: OCLC:67244341


Page: 24

View: 768

1975 By

This book examines approximately 150 items from this remarkable collection to offer insights into the teaching of science and the conduct of scientific reesearch at a leading educational institution.

Author: David Pantalony

Publisher: Terra Nova/Mexico

ISBN: STANFORD:36105114584746

Category: Science

Page: 271

View: 361

Dartmouth College boasts one of the largest collections of old scientific instruments in North America; they range from precision machines that represented the most advanced technology of their day to homemade devices produced by faculty and students. This book examines approximately 150 items from this remarkable collection to offer insights into the teaching of science and the conduct of scientific reesearch at a leading educational institution. Though the instruments are beautifully photographed and presented, the authors do not treat them as isolated objects; rather, they stress the historical and social circumstances of the instruments' creation and use. The instruments are grouped by function, emphasizing their roles in the scientific enterprise, and they are often presented with supporting documentation, such as bills of sale, that shed light on how they were produced and consumed. The phographs often focus on details of their operation and parts, giving a dynamic rather than static sense of the objects. A substantial introductory essay places the collection in context while the descriptions of the instruments stress their design, function, and use. This beautiful book showcases an extraordinary collection and situates the objects in terms of the prevailing scientific and educational practices of their day.
2005 By David Pantalony

Scientific. Perspective. When a brass player is asked to evaluate an unfamiliar instrument, the first step is usually to explore the potential of the instrument by playing it. Arpeggios, scales, crescendos and wide interval leaps are ...

Author: Murray Campbell

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030556860

Category: Science

Page: 443

View: 720

This book provides an in-depth account of the fascinating but far from simple actions and processes that take place when a brass instrument is played. Written by three leading researchers in brass instrument acoustics who are also experienced brass players, it draws together the many recent advances in our understanding of the subtly interrelated factors shaping the musician's control of the instrument's sound. The reader is introduced to models of sound generation, propagation and radiation. In particular, the current understanding of the behaviour of the player's lips, the modes of vibration of the air column inside the instrument, and the radiation of sound from a brass instrument bell are explained. The functions of the mouthpiece and of mutes are discussed. Spectral enrichment arising from nonlinear propagation of the internal sound wave in loud playing is shown to be an important influence on the timbre of many types of brass instrument. The characteristics of brass instruments in contemporary use (including cornets, trumpets, french horns, trombones and tubas) are identified, and related to those of the great variety of instruments at earlier stages in the evolution of the brass family. This copiously illustrated book concludes with case studies of the recreation of ancient instruments and some of the current applications of electronics and information technology to brass instrument performance. While most of the material presented is accessible by a general readership, the topic of musical instrument modelling is developed at a mathematical level which makes it a useful academic resource for advanced teaching and research. Written by three internationally acknowledged experts in the acoustics and organology of brass instruments who are also experienced brass instrument players. Provides both an accessible introduction to brass instrument science and a review of recent research results and mathematical modeling techniques Represents the first monograph on the science underlying the design and performance of musical instruments of the brass family
2021-01-19 By Murray Campbell

Author: William C. Boesman


ISBN: PSU:000012619184

Category: Engineering

Page: 277

View: 700


Author: American Association for the Advancement of Science. Commission on Science Education


ISBN: OCLC:499781239



View: 294