Search Results for the-first-modern-society

This book will force many to rethink their understanding of the early modern period and what it means, as well as the ways in which we imagine and categorize historical periods in general." —Andrew Hadfield, University of Sussex ...

Author: Phil Withington

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745641300

Category: History

Page: 298

View: 470

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The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries have traditionally been regarded by historians as a period of intense and formative historical change, so much so that they have often been described as early modern′ – an epoch separate from the medieval′ and the modern′. Paying particular attention to England, this book reflects on the implications of this categorization for contemporary debates about the nature of modernity and society. The book traces the forgotten history of the phrase ′early modern′ to its coinage as a category of historical analysis by the Victorians and considers when and why words like ′modern′ and ′society′ were first introduced into English in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. In so doing it unpicks the connections between linguistic and social change and how the consequences of those processes still resonate today. A major contribution to our understanding of European history before 1700 and its resonance for social thought today, the book will interest anybody concerned with the historical antecedents of contemporary culture and the interconnections between the past and the present.
2010-09-20 By Phil Withington

This classic work is presented in a fresh series livery for the twenty-first century with a specially commissioned new preface written by Frederick Neuhouser.

Author: Charles Taylor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107534267

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 569

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This rich study explores the elements of Hegel's social and political thought that are most relevant to our society today. Combating the prevailing post-World War II stereotype of Hegel as a proto-fascist, Charles Taylor argues that Hegel aimed not to deny the rights of individuality but to synthesise them with the intrinsic good of community membership. Hegel's goal of a society of free individuals whose social activity is expressive of who they are seems an even more distant goal now, and Taylor's discussion has renewed relevance for our increasingly globalised and industrialised society. This classic work is presented in a fresh series livery for the twenty-first century with a specially commissioned new preface written by Frederick Neuhouser.
2015-10-06 By Charles Taylor

According to Maine, modern societies were based on the rights of individuals to agree contracts, and not on arbitrary distinctions of social status that were customarily tied to kinship – that is, to community.

Author: Julia Moses

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108631037

Category: History

Page: 319

View: 306

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During the late nineteenth century, many countries across Europe adopted national legislation that required employers to compensate workers injured or killed in accidents at work. These laws suggested that the risk of accidents was inherent to work and not due to individual negligence. By focusing on Britain, Germany, and Italy during this time, Julia Moses demonstrates how these laws reflected a major transformation in thinking about the nature of individual responsibility and social risk. The First Modern Risk illuminates the implications of this conceptual revolution for the role of the state in managing problems of everyday life, transforming understandings about both the obligations and rights of individuals. Drawing on a wide array of disciplines including law, history, and politics, Moses offers a fascinating transnational view of a pivotal moment in the evolution of the welfare state.
2018-06-21 By Julia Moses

Here we consider its consequences for the structure and character of society. The absence of firmly anchored feudal relations meant, in the first place, the absence of a society of orders, where each member held a legally fixed position ...

Author: Jan de Vries

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316583791

Category: History

Page:

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The First Modern Economy provides a comprehensive economic history of the Netherlands during its rise to European economic leadership, the 'Golden Age', and subsequent decline (1500–1815). The authors argue that it was the first modern economy, and defend their position with detailed analyses of its major economic sectors, as well as investigations of social structure and macro-economic performance. Dutch economic history is placed in its European and world context, and inter-continental and colonial trade are discussed fully. Special emphasis is placed on the environmental context of economic growth and later decline, as well as on demographic developments. The authors also argue that the Dutch model of development and stagnation is applicable to currently maturing economies.
1997-05-28 By Jan de Vries

If mobility, social or geographical, is one of the defining characteristics of modern societies, then the appeal of war, notwithstanding its staccato rhythm, lies in movement and action. For this reason, the delay of troops either ...

Author: S. Lone

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230389755

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 132

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This is the first ever English-language study of the war which established Japan's image as a warrior nation, an image which in many ways persists today. Using extensive Japanese materials, including the letters of frontline troops and provincial newspapers, it presents the diverse experience both of soldiers and civilians and reveals how war accelerated the modernization of Japanese society. Included are such topics as the soldiers' impressions of duty, nation, and their 'fellow' Asians; the role of the emperor as commander-in-chief; the use of the war in schools; as well as the activities of small business, institutional religion, and patriotic societies.
1994-08-30 By S. Lone

He implied that Spinoza's thought was responsible for all the ills of modern society and, without mentioning Letteris by name, accused him of misrepresenting the facts by “Judaizing” a traitor who “distanced himself from [his people], ...

Author: Daniel B. Schwartz

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691162140

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 646

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Pioneering biblical critic, theorist of democracy, and legendary conflater of God and nature, Jewish philosopher Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677) was excommunicated by the Sephardic Jews of Amsterdam in 1656 for his "horrible heresies" and "monstrous deeds." Yet, over the past three centuries, Spinoza's rupture with traditional Jewish beliefs and practices has elevated him to a prominent place in genealogies of Jewish modernity. The First Modern Jew provides a riveting look at how Spinoza went from being one of Judaism's most notorious outcasts to one of its most celebrated, if still highly controversial, cultural icons, and a powerful and protean symbol of the first modern secular Jew. Ranging from Amsterdam to Palestine and back again to Europe, the book chronicles Spinoza's posthumous odyssey from marginalized heretic to hero, the exemplar of a whole host of Jewish identities, including cosmopolitan, nationalist, reformist, and rejectionist. Daniel Schwartz shows that in fashioning Spinoza into "the first modern Jew," generations of Jewish intellectuals--German liberals, East European maskilim, secular Zionists, and Yiddishists--have projected their own dilemmas of identity onto him, reshaping the Amsterdam thinker in their own image. The many afterlives of Spinoza are a kind of looking glass into the struggles of Jewish writers over where to draw the boundaries of Jewishness and whether a secular Jewish identity is indeed possible. Cumulatively, these afterlives offer a kaleidoscopic view of modern Jewish cultureand a vivid history of an obsession with Spinoza that continues to this day.
2013-12-01 By Daniel B. Schwartz

... with its Neoclassical architectural design, to acquire the learning that would allow them to take their place in a modern society. The Altes Museum was an institution for those who want to enjoy and to be educated.

Author: Carole Paul

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 9781606061206

Category: Art

Page: 368

View: 503

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In the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries the first modern, public museums of art—civic, state, or national—appeared throughout Europe, setting a standard for the nature of such institutions that has made its influence felt to the present day. Although the emergence of these museums was an international development, their shared history has not been systematically explored until now. Taking up that project, this volume includes chapters on fifteen of the earliest and still major examples, from the Capitoline Museum in Rome, opened in 1734, to the Alte Pinakothek in Munich, opened in 1836. These essays consider a number of issues, such as the nature, display, and growth of the museums’ collections and the role of the institutions in educating the public. The introductory chapters by art historian Carole Paul, the volume’s editor, lay out the relationship among the various museums and discuss their evolution from private noble and royal collections to public institutions. In concert, the accounts of the individual museums give a comprehensive overview, providing a basis for understanding how the collective emergence of public art museums is indicative of the cultural, social, and political shifts that mark the transformation from the early-modern to the modern world. The fourteen distinguished contributors to the book include Robert G. W. Anderson, former director of the British Museum in London; Paula Findlen, Ubaldo Pierotti Professor of Italian History at Stanford University; Thomas Gaehtgens, director of the Getty Research Institute; and Andrew McClellan, dean of academic affairs and professor of art history at Tufts University. Show more Show less
2012-11-16 By Carole Paul

Law, like religion, provided one of the principal discourses through which early-modern English people conceptualised the world in which they lived.

Author: Christopher W. Brooks

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139475290

Category: History

Page:

View: 127

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Law, like religion, provided one of the principal discourses through which early-modern English people conceptualised the world in which they lived. Transcending traditional boundaries between social, legal and political history, this innovative and authoritative study examines the development of legal thought and practice from the later middle ages through to the outbreak of the English civil war, and explores the ways in which law mediated and constituted social and economic relationships within the household, the community, and the state at all levels. By arguing that English common law was essentially the creation of the wider community, it challenges many current assumptions and opens new perspectives about how early-modern society should be understood. Its magisterial scope and lucid exposition will make it essential reading for those interested in subjects ranging from high politics and constitutional theory to the history of the family, as well as the history of law.
2009-01-08 By Christopher W. Brooks

asia perspectives: history, society, and culture A series of the Weatherhead East Asian Institute, Columbia University Carol Gluck, Editor Comfort Women: Sexual Slavery in the Japanese Military During World War II, by Yoshimi Yoshiaki, ...

Author: Donald Keene

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231542234

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 272

View: 434

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Many books in Japanese have been devoted to the poet and critic Ishikawa Takuboku (1886–1912). Although he died at the age of twenty-six and wrote many of his best-known poems in the space of a few years, his name is familiar to every literate Japanese. Takuboku's early death added to the sad romance of the unhappy poet, but there has been no satisfactory biography of his life or career, even in Japanese, and only a small part of his writings have been translated. His mature poetry was based on the work of no predecessor, and he left no disciples. Takuboku stands unique. Takuboku's most popular poems, especially those with a humorous overlay, are often read and memorized, but his diaries and letters, though less familiar, contain rich and vivid glimpses of the poet's thoughts and experiences. They reflect the outlook of an unconstrained man who at times behaved in a startling or even shocking manner. Despite his misdemeanors, Takuboku is regarded as a national poet, all but a saint to his admirers, especially in the regions of Japan where he lived. His refusal to conform to the Japan of the time drove him in striking directions and ranked him as the first poet of the new Japan.
2016-09-27 By Donald Keene

This fascinating and engaging tour of our architectural past: Fills a gap in architectural education concerning early mankind, the emergence of First Society people, and the rise of early agricultural societies Presents the story of early ...

Author: Mark M. Jarzombek

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118421055

Category: Architecture

Page: 672

View: 817

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“This book is the most comprehensively global and critically sensitive synthesis of what we now know of the material and socio-cultural evolution of the so-called First Societies. Written by a distinguished architectural historian and theorist, this truly remarkable and indispensable study shows how the material culture of our forebears, from building to clothing, food, ritual and dance, was inextricably bound up with the mode of survival obtained in a particular place and time...It is a study that will surely become required reading for every student of material culture.”—Kenneth Frampton Starting with the dawn of human society, through early civilizations, to the pre-Columbian American tribes, Architecture of First Societies: A Global Perspective traces the different cultural formations that developed in various places throughout the world to form the built environment. Looking through the lens of both time and geography, the history of early architecture is brought to life with full-color photographs, maps, and drawings. Drawing on the latest research in archaeological and anthropological knowledge, this landmark book also looks at how indigenous societies build today in order to help inform the past.
2014-05-27 By Mark M. Jarzombek

Most accounts of war and genocide treat them as separate phenomena. This book thoroughly examines the links between these two most inhuman of human activities.

Author: Martin Shaw

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 074561907X

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 287

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This comprehensive introduction to the study of war and genocide presents a disturbing case that the potential for slaughter is deeply rooted in the political, economic, social and ideological relations of the modern world. Most accounts of war and genocide treat them as separate phenomena. This book thoroughly examines the links between these two most inhuman of human activities. It shows that the generally legitimate business of war and the monstrous crime of genocide are closely related. This is not just because genocide usually occurs in the midst of war, but because genocide is a form of war directed against civilian populations. The book shows how fine the line has been, in modern history, between ‘degenerate war’ involving the mass destruction of civilian populations, and ‘genocide’, the deliberate destruction of civilian groups as such. Written by one of the foremost sociological writers on war, War and Genocide has four main features: an original argument about the meaning and causes of mass killing in the modern world; a guide to the main intellectual resources – military, political and social theories – necessary to understand war and genocide; summaries of the main historical episodes of slaughter, from the trenches of the First World War to the Nazi Holocaust and the killing fields of Cambodia, Bosnia and Rwanda; practical guides to further reading, courses and websites. This book examines war and genocide together with their opposites, peace and justice. It looks at them from the standpoint of victims as well as perpetrators. It is an important book for anyone wanting to understand – and overcome – the continuing salience of destructive forces in modern society.
2003-07-09 By Martin Shaw

Mary Poovey explores these questions in A History of the Modern Fact, ranging across an astonishing array of texts and ideas from the publication of the first British manual on double-entry bookkeeping in 1588 to the institutionalization of ...

Author: Mary Poovey

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226675262

Category: Science

Page: 419

View: 172

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How did the fact become modernity's most favored unit of knowledge? How did description come to seem separable from theory in the precursors of economics and the social sciences? Mary Poovey explores these questions in A History of the Modern Fact, ranging across an astonishing array of texts and ideas from the publication of the first British manual on double-entry bookkeeping in 1588 to the institutionalization of statistics in the 1830s. She shows how the production of systematic knowledge from descriptions of observed particulars influenced government, how numerical representation became the privileged vehicle for generating useful facts, and how belief—whether figured as credit, credibility, or credulity—remained essential to the production of knowledge. Illuminating the epistemological conditions that have made modern social and economic knowledge possible, A History of the Modern Fact provides important contributions to the history of political thought, economics, science, and philosophy, as well as to literary and cultural criticism.
1998-11-15 By Mary Poovey

In fact, it seems to have been Lawrence Stone's The Family, Sex and Marriage, published in 1977, which first conflated ... D. Cannadine and J.M. Rosenheim (eds), The First Modern Society: Essays in English History in Honour of Lawrence ...

Author: Adrian Wilson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317062509

Category: History

Page: 270

View: 603

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This book places childbirth in early-modern England within a wider network of social institutions and relationships. Starting with illegitimacy - the violation of the marital norm - it proceeds through marriage to the wider gender-order and so to the ’ceremony of childbirth’, the popular ritual through which women collectively controlled this, the pivotal event in their lives. Focussing on the seventeenth century, but ranging from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century, this study offers a new viewpoint on such themes as the patriarchal family, the significance of illegitimacy, and the structuring of gender-relations in the period.
2016-04-08 By Adrian Wilson

Author: Norman Norwood Holland

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105019804132

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 274

View: 163

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Includes an article translated into English for the first time. This collection brings together original and influential recent work in the field of early modern European history.

Author: James B. Collins

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781405152075

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 937

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This reader brings together original and influential recent work in the field of early modern European history. Provides a thought-provoking overview of current thinking on this period. Key themes include evolving early-modern identities; changes in religion and cultural life; the revolution of the mind; roles of women in early-modern societies; the rise of the modern state; and Europe and the new world system Incorporates new scholarship on Eastern and Central Europe. Includes an article translated into English for the first time.
2008-04-15 By James B. Collins

First Published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Author: David Cressy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134814770

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 786

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First Published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
2002-01-31 By David Cressy

... in what was the first official survey of Imperial officials on the subject. The responses were universally unsympathetic in their assessment of the Jews' role in society, and in their prescription of restrictive measures.

Author: David E. Fishman

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814726600

Category: History

Page: 212

View: 554

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Long before there were Jewish communities in the land of the tsars, Jews inhabited a region which they called medinat rusiya, the land of Russia. Prior to its annexation by Russia, the land of Russia was not a center of rabbinic culture. But in 1772, with its annexation by Tsarist Russia, this remote region was severed from the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth; its 65,000 Jews were thus cut off from the heartland of Jewish life in Eastern Europe. Forced into independence, these Jews set about forging a community with its own religious leadership and institutions. The three great intellectual currents in East European Jewry--Hasidism, Rabbinic Mitnagdism, and Haskalah--all converged on Eastern Belorussia, where they clashed and competed. In the course of a generation, the community of Shklov—the most prominent of the towns in the area—witnessed an explosion of intellectual and cultural activity. Focusing on the social and intellectual odysseys of merchants, maskilim, and rabbis, and their varied attempts to combine Judaism and European culture, David Fishman here chronicles the remarkable story of these first modern Jews of Russia.
1996-10-01 By David E. Fishman

First, modern societies exhibit a disorder, an anarchy, at once political, industrial, and domestic, characterized by skepticism and chronic revolt against the old order and even against society itself. In Edger's view, the anarchy is ...

Author: John R. Shook

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9781441171405

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1288

View: 492

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The Dictionary of Early American Philosophers, which contains over 400 entries by nearly 300 authors, provides an account of philosophical thought in the United States and Canada between 1600 and 1860. The label of "philosopher" has been broadly applied in this Dictionary to intellectuals who have made philosophical contributions regardless of academic career or professional title. Most figures were not academic philosophers, as few such positions existed then, but they did work on philosophical issues and explored philosophical questions involved in such fields as pedagogy, rhetoric, the arts, history, politics, economics, sociology, psychology, medicine, anthropology, religion, metaphysics, and the natural sciences. Each entry begins with biographical and career information, and continues with a discussion of the subject's writings, teaching, and thought. A cross-referencing system refers the reader to other entries. The concluding bibliography lists significant publications by the subject, posthumous editions and collected works, and further reading about the subject.
2012-04-05 By John R. Shook

This is a new edition of "Woman in Modern Society," originally published in 1913 by B.W. Huebsch, of New York.

Author: Earl Barnes

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1530877539

Category:

Page: 156

View: 449

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This is a new edition of "Woman in Modern Society," originally published in 1913 by B.W. Huebsch, of New York. Part of the project Immortal Literature Series of classic literature, this is a new edition of the classic work published in 1913-not a facsimile reprint. Obvious typographical errors have been carefully corrected and the entire text has been reset and redesigned by Pen House Editions to enhance readability, while respecting the original edition. "Woman in Modern Society" is a book which says a good many things which need to be said and which succeeds in rubbing off some of the artificial glamour with which many are wont to glorify women's present achievements and position. The author subscribes to the belief that the equality of men and women is one of supplementary activities alone; only by recognition of this principle of mutual dependence can the work of either of the sexes be made complete. It is an invigorating book opening to our minds the existing condition of women. Not radical in its purport, it offers a sane presentation of woman with her accumulative powers and a means whereby this power may be increased. "What it Means to be a Woman" is the title of the first chapter. Therein is discussed a fundamental question as to the origin of female life from the protoplasmic germ. Following the formation of sexes, structural and functional differences give rise to distinguishing characteristics. Life in a woman is found to be more constructive, anabolic than in the man. Both physiologically and intellectually, women's conservatism presents a contrast with the spasmodic, destructive, tendencies of man. Bearing in mind these elemental characteristics, the woman race possesses as a heritage complemental sex qualities which properly governed establish a perfect balance in the individual life and that of society. (From Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, 1922; Book News Monthly, Vol. 31, 1912.) About the Author: Earl Barnes was born in Martville, New York, on July 15, 1861. He received an A.B. from Indiana University in 1889 and an M.S. from Cornell University in 1891. He was Professor of History at Indiana University and later Professor of Education at Stanford University, where he (and his first wife and former teacher, Mary Downing Sheldon Barnes-herself a historian and a writer) taught until 1897, when the couple decided to move to Europe. Barnes was later appointed staff lecturer for the London Society for Extension of University Teaching, with which he worked from 1900 to 1901, when he then became a full-time writer. He died in New Hartford, Connecticut, on May 29, 1935. Earl Barnes is mostly known for his publications, "Studies in Education, volumes I and II" (1897); "Where Knowledge Fails" (1907); "Women in Modern Society" (1912); and "Psychology of Childhood and Youth" (1914).
2016-04-07 By Earl Barnes

The second edition of this classic study, revised with a new andsubstantial opening chapter.

Author: Krishan Kumar

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 1405114290

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 143

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The second edition of this classic study, revised with a new and substantial opening chapter. New edition of a classic study by a leading social theorist Explores three major ideas crucial to contemporary social theory: the information society, post-Fordism, and post-modernism Places the three key ideas within the context of contemporary discourse on globalization.
2004-12-10 By Krishan Kumar

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