Search Results for the-biological-roots-of-human-nature

In this stimulating book, Goldsmith argues that biology has a great deal to say that should be of interest to social scientists, historians, philosophers, and humanists in general.

Author: Timothy H. Goldsmith

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019535754X

Category: Science


View: 716

In this stimulating book, Goldsmith argues that biology has a great deal to say that should be of interest to social scientists, historians, philosophers, and humanists in general. He believes that anyone studying the social behavior of humans must take into consideration both proximate cause--the physiology, biochemistry, and social mechanisms of behavior--and ultimate cause--how the behavior came to exist in evolutionary time. Goldsmith, a neurobiologist, draws examples from neurobiology, psychology, and ethology (behavioral evolution). The result is a work that overcomes many of the misconceptions that have hindered the rich contributions the biological sciences have to offer concerning the evolution of human society, behavior, and sense of identity. Among the key topics addressed are the nature of biological explanation, the relationship between genes and behavior, those aspects of behavior most likely to respond to natural selection, the relationship between evolution and learning, and some probable modes of interaction between cultural and biological evolution. By re-examining the role of biological explanation in the domain of social development, the author has significantly advanced a more well-rounded view of human evolution and shed new light on the perennial question of what it means to be human. His book will appeal to biologists, social scientists, traditional humanists, and interested general readers.
1994-10-20 By Timothy H. Goldsmith

The second has to do with the content of the human “ethogram”—with the nature of human nature. While acknowledging that humans have certain species-specific behavioral propensities (which were listed above), Harris would like to keep ...

Author: Timothy H. Goldsmith

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195093933

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 161

View: 479

A short, stimulating book on the relevance of biological evolution to the study of behaviour. Goldsmith argues that anyone studying the social behaviour of humans must take into consideration both proximate cause - the physiology, biochemistry, and social mechanisms of behaviour, and the ultimate cause - how the behaviour came to exist in evolutionary time. Many of the confusing and misunderstood elements of sociobiology are clearly explained for the general reader.

Having once created a concept of culture that was to be free of any connection with or reliance upon biology , Kroeber was now ready to recognize the biological roots of human nature . * Among the few works by anthropologists that ...

Author: Carl N. Degler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199729012

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 207

Winner of the Pulitzer Prize in History in 1972, and a past president of both the Organization of American Historians and the American Historical Association, Carl Degler is one of America's most eminent living historians. He is also one of the most versatile. In a forty year career, he has written brilliantly on race (Neither Black Nor White, which won the Pulitzer Prize), women's studies (At Odds, which Betty Friedan called "a stunning book"), Southern history (The Other South), the New Deal, and many other subjects. Now, in The Search for Human Nature, Degler turns to perhaps his largest subject yet, a sweeping history of the impact of Darwinism (and biological research) on our understanding of human nature, providing a fascinating overview of the social sciences in the last one hundred years. The idea of a biological root to human nature was almost universally accepted at the turn of the century, Degler points out, then all but vanished from social thought only to reappear in the last four decades. Degler traces the early history of this idea, from Darwin's argument that our moral and emotional life evolved from animals just as our human shape did, to William James's emphasis on instinct in human behavior (then seen as a fundamental insight of psychology). We also see the many applications of biology, from racism, sexism, and Social Darwinism to the rise of intelligence testing, the eugenics movement, and the practice of involuntary sterilization of criminals (a public policy pioneered in America, which had sterilization laws 25 years before Nazi Germany--one such law was upheld by Oliver Wendell Holmes's Supreme Court). Degler then examines the work of those who denied any role for biology, who thought culture shaped human nature, a group ranging from Franz Boas, Ruth Benedict, and Margaret Mead, to John B. Watson and B.F. Skinner. Equally important, he examines the forces behind this fundamental shift in a scientific paradigm, arguing that ideological reasons--especially the struggle against racism and sexism in America--led to this change in scientific thinking. Finally, Degler considers the revival of Darwinism without the Social Darwinism, racism, and sexism, led first by ethologists such as Karl von Frisch, Nikolaas Tinbergen, Konrad Lorenz, and Jane Goodall--who revealed clear parallels between animal and human behavior--and followed in varying degrees by such figures as Melvin Konner, Alice Rossi, Jerome Kagen, and Edward O. Wilson as well as others in anthropology, political science, sociology, and economics. What kind of animal is Homo sapiens and how did we come to be this way? In this wide ranging history, Carl Degler traces our attempts over the last century to answer these questions. In doing so, he has produced a volume that will fascinate anyone curious about the nature of human beings.
1992-11-05 By Carl N. Degler

Three eminent scientists analyze the scientific, social, and political roots of biological determinism.

Author: Richard C. Lewontin

Publisher: Pantheon

ISBN: UOM:39015043201808

Category: Social Science

Page: 322

View: 310

Three eminent scientists analyze the scientific, social, and political roots of biological determinism.

With the discrediting of eugenics in the years following the Second World War , any scientific investigation of the biological roots of human nature took a similar fall from grace . Behavioural biologists retreated into the forest to ...

Author: Robin Headlam Wells

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0826485456

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 553

2006-05-30 By Robin Headlam Wells

A sociobiological perspective on the development of human reproductive strategies . In Sociobiological Perspectives on ... The Biological Roots of Human Nature : Forging Links between Evolution and Behavior . New York : Oxford Univ .

Author: David Inglis

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0415333067

Category: Nature

Page: 4

View: 960

Many influential stances within the social sciences regard nature in one of two ways: either as none of their concern (which is with the social and cultural aspects of human existence), or as wholly a social and cultural fabrication. But there is also another strand of social scientific thinking that seeks to understand the interplay between social and cultural factors on one side and natural factors on the other. These volumes contain the main contributions that have been made within each of these streams of thought. The selections illustrate to the reader the complexity of the various positions within these streams, and the strengths and limitations of each perspective. A new introduction places these articles in their historical and intellectual context and the volumes are completed with an extensive index and chronological table of contents.
2005 By David Inglis

To understand why we humans are as we are, it is necessary to look at the essential building blocks that comprise our nature. The foundations of this structure are our evolutionary origins as primates and our social roots.

Author: Ulrich J. Frey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642139680

Category: Science

Page: 159

View: 223

To understand why we humans are as we are, it is necessary to look at the essential building blocks that comprise our nature. The foundations of this structure are our evolutionary origins as primates and our social roots. Upon these rest features such as our emotions, language and aesthetic preferences, with our self-perceptions, self-deceptions and thirst for knowledge right at the top. The unifying force holding these blocks together is evolutionary theory. Evolution provides a deeper understanding of human nature and, in particular, of the common roots of these different perspectives. To build a reliable and coherent model of man, leading authors from fields as diverse as primatology, anthropology, neurobiology and philosophy have joined forces to present essays each describing their own expert perspective. Together they provide a convincing and complete picture of our own human nature.
2010-11-08 By Ulrich J. Frey

Goldsmith, T., 1991, The Biological Roots of Human Nature, Oxford: Oxford U. Press. Goldstein, A. and Michaels, G., 1985, Empathy: Development, Training and Consequences, Hillsdale N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum. Goldthorpe,J. et. al., 1980, ...

Author: Ron Vannelli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461515456

Category: Philosophy

Page: 257

View: 435

Evolutionary Theory and Human Nature is an original, highly theoretical work dealing with the transition from genes to behavior using general principles of evolution, especially those of sexual selection. It seeks to develop a seamless transition from genes to human motivations as bio-electric brain processes (emotional-cognitive processes), to human nature propensities (various constellations of emotional-cognitive forces, desires and fears) to species typical patterns of behavior. This work covers two often antagonistic fields: biology and the social sciences. It should be of strong interest to anthropologists, sociologists, sociobiologists, psychobiologists and psychologists who are interested in the question of human nature influences on social behavior.
2012-12-06 By Ron Vannelli

Yet there is no shortage of references to needs of a seemingly less biological nature. Thus human individuals are said to have “social” needs not only for affiliation, which Marx claimed has biological roots in human individuals' ...

Author: W Peter Archibald

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781349091843

Category: Social Science

Page: 313

View: 662

1989-10-24 By W Peter Archibald

Biological Knowledge, Evolution, Genetics and Human Nature Gabriel Tordjman ... Theseareallrecentattemptstotryandunearththealleged biological roots of human nature, behaviour and mental ability, using the Darwinian framework of ...

Author: Gabriel Tordjman

Publisher: Editions JFD

ISBN: 9782897990732

Category: Art

Page: 349

View: 100

This book examines how biological knowledge has transformed the planet and reshaped humanity. Using the concept of biological knowledge, the author explores key persons, places, ideas and events that have shaped the world. He shows that while the development of biological knowledge has opened vast new vistas in our understanding of the living world and promises material abundance for some; refracted through the distorting lens of ideology, it has also contributed to great inequality and oppression. The book delves into key issues that arise from adopting a biological approach to understanding human nature, such as the assessment of human difference, the relationship of knowledge to power, the nature and role of science and religion and the value and nature of human life. Combining an engaging narrative style with scholarly rigour, this book makes an important and timely contribution to present-day issues and contemporary debates emanating from the life sciences.
2020-09-17 By Gabriel Tordjman