Search Results for the-almagest

This edition is designed to provide everything needed for a one-semester course, or it can be a component of a more general course on planetary theory or history of astronomy."

Author: Claudius Ptolemy

Publisher:

ISBN: 1888009438

Category: Science

Page: 264

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The Almagest is by far the greatest work in astronomy in ancient times. In a massive series of thirteen books, Ptolemy shows how every detail of the motions of the sun, moon, planets, and stars can be expressed using geometrical models that can be used to compute celestial positions with remarkable accuracy The present selection covers all the essential features of Ptolemy s treatment of the heavens, omitting only more difficult and abstruse matters such as the moon s motion and the calculation of eclipses. In the interest of conciseness, development of planetary theories is restricted to two planets, one inferior (Venus) and one superior (Mars). Ptolemy s text is accompanied by extensive notes and introductions that are aimed at making the book accessible to students encountering Ptolemy for the first time. This edition is designed to provide everything needed for a one-semester course, or it can be a component of a more general course on planetary theory or history of astronomy."
2014-12-01 By Claudius Ptolemy

The eighty years since the last “survey of the Almagest” had seen considerable advances in our knowledge of the ancient astronomy, and of course there had also been great changes in the way students learn and what background knowledge ...

Author: Olaf Pedersen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387848266

Category: Mathematics

Page: 470

View: 806

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The Almagest, by the Greek astronomer and mathematician Ptolemy, is the most important surviving treatise on early mathematical astronomy, offering historians valuable insight into the astronomy and mathematics of the ancient world. Pedersen's 1974 publication, A Survey of the Almagest, is the most recent in a long tradition of companions to the Almagest. Part paraphrase and part commentary, Pedersen's work has earned the universal praise of historians and serves as the definitive introductory text for students interested in studying the Almagest. In this revised edition, Alexander Jones, a distinguished authority on the history of early astronomy, provides supplementary information and commentary to the original text to account for scholarship that has appeared since 1974. This revision also incorporates various corrections to Pedersen's original text that have been identified since its publication. This volume is intended to provide students of the history of astronomy with a self-contained introduction to the Almagest, helping them to understand and appreciate Ptolemy's great and classical work.
2010-11-12 By Olaf Pedersen

This volume is intended to provide students of the history of astronomy with a self-contained introduction to the Almagest, helping them to understand and appreciate Ptolemy's great and classical work.

Author: Douglas Wayne Wilmore

Publisher: Springer Verlag

ISBN: 038757154X

Category: Medical

Page: 441

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1993-01-01 By Douglas Wayne Wilmore

Author: Olaf Pedersen

Publisher: University Press of Southern Denmark

ISBN: UOM:39015072134912

Category: Science

Page: 454

View: 792

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1974 By Olaf Pedersen

But for the most part these texts are in the tradition of the Almagest and the Handy Tables. Among the later z§jes, the most influential for the development of European astronomy were the 11th century Toledan Tables.

Author: Brian Lasater

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9781430313823

Category: History

Page: 600

View: 698

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This volume looks at the ancient heritage of Greek philosophy and Mesopotamian astronomy and examines the history of map-making, coastal and celestial navigation and astronomy from 1487-1727.
2008-01 By Brian Lasater

However, this estimation of Ptolemy's work by a well-known astronomer of modern times is only based on the hypothesis of the Almagest's ancient origin. The attitude toward Ptolemy may become quite different if it turns out that we are ...

Author: A.T. Fomenko

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792326045

Category: History

Page: 212

View: 833

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These two volumes which concern mathematical statistical chronology represent a major, unique work and are the first of its kind published in the English language. A comprehensive set of mathematical and statistical techniques is presented for the analysis of chronological data. These include, as main tool, the means to compare texts and other sequential data and the ability to judge them in terms of similarity and, hence, closeness. These techniques constitute a new important trend in applied statistics. Volume I concentrates mainly on the development of the mathematical statistical tools and their application to astronomical data, including the Almagest and simulated data (to test the validity of the methods). Substantial material dealing with historical data and chronology is also included. Volume II concentrates on the application of these tools to narrative texts and ancient and medieval records (such as Egyptian, Byzantine, Roman, Greek, Babylonian, etc.). An astonishing wealth of historical data is considered. The conclusions which are drawn concerning the accepted chronological dating of events in ancient history will certainly provoke controversy and serious debate. These two volumes provide the necessary background and material for intelligent participation in such debates. For statisticians, historians, astronomers, archaeologists, and others with an interest in the integrity of historical dating and the means to analyze this.
1993-12-31 By A.T. Fomenko

mathematical theorems that were used at the beginning of the Almagest to set up a trigonometric system that was used throughout the text, employed the classical Greek spherical trigonometric theorem which used chord functions as was ...

Author: George Saliba

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262195577

Category: History

Page: 315

View: 200

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The Islamic scientific tradition has been described many times in accounts of Islamic civilization and general histories of science, with most authors tracing its beginnings to the appropriation of ideas from other ancient civilizations--the Greeks in particular. In this thought-provoking and original book, George Saliba argues that, contrary to the generally accepted view, the foundations of Islamic scientific thought were laid well before Greek sources were formally translated into Arabic in the ninth century. Drawing on an account by the tenth-century intellectual historian Ibn al-Nadim [macron over i] that is ignored by most modern scholars, Saliba suggests that early translations from mainly Persian and Greek sources outlining elementary scientific ideas for the use of government departments were the impetus for the development of the Islamic scientific tradition. He argues further that there was an organic relationship between the Islamic scientific thought that developed in the later centuries and the science that came into being in Europe during the Renaissance.Saliba outlines the conventional accounts of Islamic science, then discusses their shortcomings and proposes an alternate narrative. Using astronomy as a template for tracing the progress of science in Islamic civilization, Saliba demonstrates the originality of Islamic scientific thought. He details the innovations (including new mathematical tools) made by the Islamic astronomers from the thirteenth to sixteenth centuries, and offers evidence that Copernicus could have known of and drawn on their work. Rather than viewing the rise and fall of Islamic science from the often-narrated perspectives of politics and religion, Saliba focuses on the scientific production itself and the complex social, economic, and intellectual conditions that made it possible.
2007 By George Saliba

Such an editorial style is definitely an improvement over the text of the Almagest where one does not find such pedagogical summations. In an attempt to reevaluate the received recensions of the Almagest, and to decide which of them was ...

Author: George Saliba

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814780237

Category: Religion

Page: 352

View: 825

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Men have been dressing as women on stage for hundreds of years, dating back to the thirteenth century when the Church forbade the appearance of female actors but condoned that of men and boys disguised as the opposite sex. Forms of travestism can be traced back to the dawn of theatre and are found in all corners of the world, notably in China and Japan. In recent years, of course, drag has witnessed a dramatic and widespread revival. Newsday recently observed, People are talking about all those fabulous heterosexual film idols who now can't seem to wait to get tarted up in drag and do their screen bits as fishnet queens. Drawing on a cinematic tradition popularized by Tony Curtis and Jack Lemmon in Some Like it Hot, Dustin Hoffman (Tootsie) and Robin Williams (Mrs. Doubtfire) have each delighted mainstream audiences with their portrayals of women. Even former drag queens have experience newfound fame; witness the recent popularity of the late Divine, renowned for her oddly compelling appearances in underground John Waters films. Music, too, has been profoundly influenced by drag sensibility, from David Bowie's Ziggy Stardust and the Rocky Horror Picture Show to Boy George and RuPaul (the self- proclaimed Supermodel of the World). Tracing drag tradition from the Golden Age of stage transvestism during the reigns of Elizabeth I and James I in England to the current quasi-drag inclinations of American grunge bands, Drag is an entertaining overview of this popular and complex medium.
1995-07-01 By George Saliba

It is designed to stand by itself as an interpretation of the original, but it will also be useful as an aid to reading the Greek text. "Whatever we now understand of Ptolemy ... is in this book."--Noel Swerdlow, University of Chicago

Author: Ptolemy

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691002606

Category: Science

Page: 693

View: 688

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Ptolemy's Almagest is one of the most influential scientific works in history. A masterpiece of technical exposition, it was the basic textbook of astronomy for more than a thousand years, and still is the main source for our knowledge of ancient astronomy. This translation, based on the standard Greek text of Heiberg, makes the work accessible to English readers in an intelligible and reliable form. It contains numerous corrections derived from medieval Arabic translations and extensive footnotes that take account of the great progress in understanding the work made in this century, due to the discovery of Babylonian records and other researches. It is designed to stand by itself as an interpretation of the original, but it will also be useful as an aid to reading the Greek text.
1998-11-08 By Ptolemy

case, these papyri indirectly provide much information on the general background, against which the study of the Almagest or its practical outcome, the Handy Tables, could be of general interest for the ancients.

Author: Alain Bernard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400751224

Category: Science

Page: 334

View: 286

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This book examines the textual, social, cultural, practical and institutional environments to which the expression “teaching and learning contexts” refers. It reflects on the extent to which studying such environments helps us to better understand ancient or modern sources, and how notions of “teaching” and “learning” are to be understood. Tackling two problems: the first, is that of certain sources of scientific knowledge being studied without taking into account the various “contexts” of transmission that gave this knowledge a long-lasting meaning. The second is that other sources are related to teaching and learning activities, but without being too precise and demonstrative about the existence and nature of this “teaching context”. In other words, this book makes clear what is meant by “context” and highlights the complexity of the practice hidden by the words “teaching” and “learning”. Divided into three parts, the book makes accessible teaching and learning situations, presents comparatist approaches, and emphasizes the notion of teaching as projects embedded in coherent treatises or productions.
2013-11-26 By Alain Bernard

the philosophical ideas of authoritative philosophers, especially Aristotle.2 This latter portrayal no doubt evolved in part because Ptolemy cites Aristotle in the first chapter of the Almagest. Liba Taub proved that the philosophical ...

Author: Jacqueline Feke

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691179582

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 470

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The Greco-Roman mathematician Claudius Ptolemy is one of the most significant figures in the history of science. He is remembered today for his astronomy, but his philosophy is almost entirely lost to history. This groundbreaking book is the first to reconstruct Ptolemy’s general philosophical system—including his metaphysics, epistemology, and ethics—and to explore its relationship to astronomy, harmonics, element theory, astrology, cosmology, psychology, and theology. In this stimulating intellectual history, Jacqueline Feke uncovers references to a complex and sophisticated philosophical agenda scattered among Ptolemy’s technical studies in the physical and mathematical sciences. She shows how he developed a philosophy that was radical and even subversive, appropriating ideas and turning them against the very philosophers from whom he drew influence. Feke reveals how Ptolemy’s unique system is at once a critique of prevailing philosophical trends and a conception of the world in which mathematics reigns supreme. A compelling work of scholarship, Ptolemy’s Philosophy demonstrates how Ptolemy situated mathematics at the very foundation of all philosophy—theoretical and practical—and advanced the mathematical way of life as the true path to human perfection.
2018-10-16 By Jacqueline Feke

There was the tradition represented by the model of Ptolemy's Almagest , in which one discussed the observational basis of theoretical astronomy , and gave some directions for the practical astronomical applications such as the ...

Author: Richard G. Hovannisian

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521591856

Category: History

Page: 267

View: 750

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The thirteenth volume based on the Giorgio Levi Della Vida conference reassesses the role of the Iranian peoples in the development and consolidation of Islamic civilization. In his key essay, Ehsan Yarshater casts fresh light on that role challenging the view that, after reaching a climax in Baghdad in the ninth century, Islamic culture entered a period of decline. In fact, he maintains, a new and remarkably creative phase began in Khurasan and Transoxania, symbolized by the adoption of Persian as a medium of literary expression. By the mid-sixteenth century, Persian literary and intellectual paradigms had spread from Anatolia to India, encompassing the greater part of the Islamic world. Yarshater also challenges traditional assumptions about the 'Islamization of Persia'. In the essays which follow, six distinguished scholars consider the historical, cultural, and religious aspects of the Persian presence in the Islamic world.
1998-11-19 By Richard G. Hovannisian

Author: Ptolemy

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951000482454O

Category: Astronomy

Page: 1085

View: 898

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1955 By Ptolemy

k = 0°, 180° (Mars), we should find exactly the same entries as we find in the Almagest, in columns c3 and c4, respectively. This is indeed the case, except for the entries for Mars near K = 1 80°, where we find an extremal southern ...

Author: Jose Chabas

Publisher: American Philosophical Society

ISBN: 0871699028

Category: Science

Page: 196

View: 162

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2000 By Jose Chabas

As soon as I learned that Hansen's ' new Lunar Tables were to agree with the eclipses in the Almagest , I communicated to him my researches concerning the true epochs of the eclipses in the Almagest . Some time after I myself went over ...

Author: Academy of Science of St. Louis

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B3083450

Category: Science

Page:

View: 504

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List of members in each volume, except v. 5.

As soon as I learned that Hansen's new Lunar Tables were to agree with the eclipses in the Almagest , I communicated to him my researches concerning the true epochs of the eclipses in the Almagest . Some time after I myself went over to ...

Author: Academy of Science of St. Louis

Publisher:

ISBN: CHI:79443173

Category:

Page:

View: 988

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the Messiah', and indicates an Arab Christian origin, whereas 'wittoniensis' is commonly interpreted as relating to the city of Winchester.23 ↩Abd al-Mas ̄ıh. translated the Almagest from an Arabic version produced in the late ninth ...

Author: Dirk Grupe

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030192341

Category: Mathematics

Page: 439

View: 416

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This volume aims to make Stephen of Pisa and Antioch’s work on the celestial sciences accessible to a wider readership, providing not just the text but a translation and introduction as well. The edition is based on the only known manuscript of the Liber Mamonis, MS Cambrai, Médiathèque d’Agglomération, A 930. It is split into two parts: the first provides an extensive introduction to Stephen and his work, while the second features the edition and translation. A comprehensive glossary and collection of photographs of plates are also included.
2019-10-21 By Dirk Grupe

In addition to the Almagest, his best known work, he composed the Planetary Hypotheses (a description of a physical model for the heavens), the Tetrabiblos (a compendious account of astrology), the Handy Tables (a revised version of the ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000125070171

Category: Science

Page:

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Annali di storia della scienza.
2007 By

This remarkable translator brought back from a legation to Constantinople a manuscript of Ptolemy's Mathēmatike Syntaxis , the precious Almagest . He did not translate the book himself ; that was done by an anonymous scholar who had ...

Author: Robert L. Benson

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 0802068502

Category: Social Science

Page: 781

View: 892

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Twenty-seven authors approach the diverse areas of the cultural, religious, and social life of the twelfth century. These essays form a basic resource for all interested in this pivotal century. A reprint of the first edition first published in 1982.
1991-01-01 By Robert L. Benson

Dating the Almagest by Variable Star Configurations. The USSR AS Reports, Vol. 307, No. 4 (1989): 829832. English translation published in Soviet Phys. Dokl., Vol. 34, No. 8 (1989): 666668. [351]. Fomenko, A. T., V. V. Kalashnikov, ...

Author: Anatoly Fomenko

Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc

ISBN: 9781365505058

Category: History

Page:

View: 395

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NASA research of Earth-Moon mechanics by astrophysicist Robert Newton leads mathematicians of Moscow State University to a breakthrough in the chronology of civilization and China. The Issue With Chinese Astronomy is that it just cannot serve anymore as solid foundation of "ancient" Chinese history. It looks like "ancient" China is a misunderstanding at best. There are many preconceptions concerning the history of China. It is presumed to be exceptionally ancient, a lot more so than European history, and its datings are said to be perfectly reliable. The basics of Chinese chronology are believed to be so firm that it serves as a classical example of an indubitably ancient and reliable chronology. The authors give a brief description of the real situation with Chinese history and chronology as opposed to whatever is advertised. The authors are far from claiming that their reconstruction is complete. The work on the reconstruction of Chinese history has only just begun.
2016-11-04 By Anatoly Fomenko

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