Search Results for strongly-interacting-matter-under-rotation

This book addresses the needs of growing community of graduate students and researchers new to the area, for a survey that covers a wide range of pertinent topics, summarizes the current status of the field, and provides the necessary ...

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Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030714277

Category: Electronic books

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This book addresses the needs of growing community of graduate students and researchers new to the area, for a survey that covers a wide range of pertinent topics, summarizes the current status of the field, and provides the necessary pedagogical materials for newcomers. The investigation of strongly interacting matter under the influence of macroscopic rotational motion is a new, emerging area of research that encompasses a broad range of conventional physics disciplines such as nuclear physics, astrophysics, and condensed matter physics, where the non-trivial interplay between global rotation and spin is generating many novel phenomena. Edited and authored by leading researchers in the field, this book covers the following topics: thermodynamics and equilibrium distribution of rotating matter; quantum field theory and rotation; phase structure of QCD matter under rotation; kinetic theory of relativistic rotating matter; hydrodynamics with spin; magnetic effects in fluid systems with high vorticity and charge; polarization measurements in heavy ion collisions; hydrodynamic modeling of the QCD plasma and polarization calculation in relativistic heavy ion collisions; chiral vortical effect; rotational effects and related topics in neutron stars and condensed matter systems.
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This book addresses the needs of growing community of graduate students and researchers new to the area, for a survey that covers a wide range of pertinent topics, summarizes the current status of the field, and provides the necessary ...

Author: Francesco Becattini

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030714268

Category: Science

Page: 396

View: 330

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This book addresses the needs of growing community of graduate students and researchers new to the area, for a survey that covers a wide range of pertinent topics, summarizes the current status of the field, and provides the necessary pedagogical materials for newcomers. The investigation of strongly interacting matter under the influence of macroscopic rotational motion is a new, emerging area of research that encompasses a broad range of conventional physics disciplines such as nuclear physics, astrophysics, and condensed matter physics, where the non-trivial interplay between global rotation and spin is generating many novel phenomena. Edited and authored by leading researchers in the field, this book covers the following topics: thermodynamics and equilibrium distribution of rotating matter; quantum field theory and rotation; phase structure of QCD matter under rotation; kinetic theory of relativistic rotating matter; hydrodynamics with spin; magnetic effects in fluid systems with high vorticity and charge; polarization measurements in heavy ion collisions; hydrodynamic modeling of the QCD plasma and polarization calculation in relativistic heavy ion collisions; chiral vortical effect; rotational effects and related topics in neutron stars and condensed matter systems.
2021-07-20 By Francesco Becattini

[24] that rotating a system of non-interacting massless fermions results in a vortical current: j5= ( T2 12+μ24π2 ) Ω, (11.9) (11.8) where Ω is the angular velocity of the rotation. In the term proportional to μ2 one readily recognizes ...

Author: Dmitri Kharzeev

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642373053

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 344

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The physics of strongly interacting matter in an external magnetic field is presently emerging as a topic of great cross-disciplinary interest for particle, nuclear, astro- and condensed matter physicists. It is known that strong magnetic fields are created in heavy ion collisions, an insight that has made it possible to study a variety of surprising and intriguing phenomena that emerge from the interplay of quantum anomalies, the topology of non-Abelian gauge fields, and the magnetic field. In particular, the non-trivial topological configurations of the gluon field induce a non-dissipative electric current in the presence of a magnetic field. These phenomena have led to an extended formulation of relativistic hydrodynamics, called chiral magnetohydrodynamics. Hitherto unexpected applications in condensed matter physics include graphene and topological insulators. Other fields of application include astrophysics, where strong magnetic fields exist in magnetars and pulsars. Last but not least, an important new theoretical tool that will be revisited and which made much of the progress surveyed in this book possible is the holographic principle - the correspondence between quantum field theory and gravity in extra dimensions. Edited and authored by the pioneers and leading experts in this newly emerging field, this book offers a valuable resource for a broad community of physicists and graduate students.
2014-07-08 By Dmitri Kharzeev

The 6th Advanced Course in Theoretical Physics was held at the University of Cape Town, January 8-19, 1990. The topic of the course was "Phase Structure of Strongly Interacting Matter".

Author: Jean Cleymans

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642878213

Category: Science

Page: 369

View: 369

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The 6th Advanced Course in Theoretical Physics was held at the University of Cape Town, January 8-19, 1990. The topic of the course was "Phase Structure of Strongly Interacting Matter". There were ten invited speakers from overseas, each having up to six hours in which to present his field of research to a relatively small audience of about 50 participants. This allowed for the presentation of a broad, coherent and pedagogical review of the present status of the field. In addition there were several one-hour presentations by local participants. The main emphasis of the course was on the study of the properties of high density hot nuclear matter. This field is of particular interest because of the belief that a deconfined quark-gluon plasma could be created in such an environment when the temperature reaches about 200MeV. In the nuclear regime a so-called "liquid-to-gas" phase transition is expected at a temperature of approximately 10- 20MeV. Both of these topics received ample attention at the school. Owing the nature of the field, there exists much overlapping interest from both the nuclear physics and high-energy particle physics communities. It is hoped that these proceedings will contribute to building a bridge between the two groups.
2012-12-06 By Jean Cleymans

And this rotation could be responsible for many observations, but it is difficult to say how the strongly interacting matter can transform into a state of free gluons and quarks in which case rotation should be absent, e.g. transverse ...

Author: R Ryutin

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814578752

Category: Science

Page: 236

View: 399

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This unique volume contains the materials of the XXIXth International Workshop on High Energy Physics. The content of the volume is much wider than just high-energy physics and actually concerns all the most fundamental areas of modern physics research: high-energy physics proper, gravitation and cosmology. Presentations embrace both theory and experiment. Contents:12 Closed Doors and 8 Open Windows in Physics Beyond the SM (F Riva)On Possible Interpretation of the LHC Higgs-Like State in the Framework of the Non-Perturbative Effective Interaction of W-Bosons (B A Arbuzov)What Can the Higgs Tell Us About UV Physics? (A K Knochel)Recent Results from the Heavy Ion Program at RHIC (O Evdokimov)Top Quark Physics Results from LHC (C Ferro)Neutrino Oscillations: Recent Results and Perspectives (M M Khabibullin and Yu G Kudenko)High-Energy Collisions in Space-Time Perspective (V A Petrov)Inward Horizons of the Spinning Nucleons (A Prokudin)Supermassive Black Hole at the Galactic Center (A F Zakharov)Einsteinian Revolution's Misinterpretation: No True Black Holes, No Information Paradox: Just Quasi-Static Balls of Quark Gluon Plasma (A Mitra)Flaws in Black Hole Theory and General Relativity (S J Crothers)and other papers Readership: Advanced undergraduates and graduate students, and physicists working in the field of high energy physics. Keywords:Higgs Boson;Quark Gluon Plasma;Neutrino in Labs and Cosmos;Cosmology;Dark Matter
2014-03-04 By R Ryutin

Interactions in these gases can be freely tuned to be as strong as quantum mechanics allows, by means of Feshbach ... in these gases was directly demonstrated via the observation of lattices of quantized vortices in rotating Fermi gases ...

Author: M. Inguscio

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781614996941

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 264

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The Enrico Fermi summer school on Quantum Matter at Ultralow Temperatures held on 7-15 July 2014 at Varenna, Italy, featured important frontiers in the field of ultracold atoms. For the last 25 years, this field has undergone dramatic developments, which were chronicled by several Varenna summer schools, in 1991 on Laser Manipulation of Atoms, in 1998 on Bose-Einstein Condensation in Atomic Gases, and in 2006 on Ultra-cold Fermi Gases. The theme of the 2014 school demonstrates that the field has now branched out into many different directions, where the tools and precision of atomic physics are used to realise new quantum systems, or in other words, to quantum-engineer interesting Hamiltonians. The topics of the school identify major new directions: Quantum gases with long range interactions, either due to strong magnetic dipole forces, due to Rydberg excitations, or, for polar molecules, due to electric dipole interactions; quantum gases in lower dimensions; quantum gases with disorder; atoms in optical lattices, now with single-site optical resolution; systems with non-trivial topological properties, e.g. with spin-orbit coupling or in artificial gauge fields; quantum impurity problems (Bose and Fermi polarons); quantum magnetism. Fermi gases with strong interactions, spinor Bose-Einstein condensates and coupled multi-component Bose gases or Bose-Fermi mixtures continue to be active areas. The current status of several of these areas is systematically summarized in this volume.
2016-09-27 By M. Inguscio

Now we look forward for strong confirmation in their rotation considering magnetic field. ... stars are providing us the opportunity to study the strongly interacting dense nuclear matter under the extreme condition in their interior, ...

Author: Prafulla Kumar Behera

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789813344082

Category: Astrophysics

Page: 1143

View: 807

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This volume presents the peer-reviewed proceedings of the XXIII DAE-BRNS High Energy Physics Symposium 2018, which was held at the Indian Institute of Technology Madras, India, on 10-15 December 2018. Gathering selected contributions, the book highlights the latest developments and research trends in physics, detectors and instrumentation relevant to all branches of particle physics, astroparticle physics and closely related fields. The major topics covered include Standard Model physics, beyond Standard Model physics, neutrino physics, cosmology, formal theory, heavy ion physics & quantum chromodynamics (QCD), particle detectors and future experiments. Given the range of topics discussed, the book will be useful for beginners as well as advanced researchers in the field.

In addition, ultrastrong magnetic fields exceeding 1013 Gauss and rotation periods in the millisecond regime are found ... All in all, compact stars offer the possibility to study strongly interacting matter under extreme conditions not ...

Author: Bengt Friman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642132926

Category: Science

Page: 980

View: 922

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This exhaustive survey is the result of a four year effort by many leading researchers in the field to produce both a readable introduction and a yardstick for the many upcoming experiments using heavy ion collisions to examine the properties of nuclear matter. The books falls naturally into five large parts, first examining the bulk properties of strongly interacting matter, including its equation of state and phase structure. Part II discusses elementary hadronic excitations of nuclear matter, Part III addresses the concepts and models regarding the space-time dynamics of nuclear collision experiments, Part IV collects the observables from past and current high-energy heavy-ion facilities in the context of the theoretical predictions specific to compressed baryonic matter. Part V finally gives a brief description of the experimental concepts. The book explicitly addresses everyone working or planning to enter the field of high-energy nuclear physics.
2011-03-10 By Bengt Friman

The ground state of cold matter in nuclear equilibrium at these densities would, therefore, be expected to be a ... matter is determined by solid-state forces which depend on the properties of the (strongly interacting) electron fluid.

Author: Pranab Ghosh

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814490146

Category: Science

Page: 792

View: 744

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This book is an introduction to pulsars, a key area in high energy astrophysics with continuing potential for fundamental discoveries. Throughout the book runs the unifying thread of the evolutionary link between rotation-powered pulsars and accretion-powered pulsars — a milestone of modern astrophysics. Early textbooks on pulsars dealt almost entirely with rotation-powered ones, while accounts of pulsars in volumes on X-ray binaries focused almost exclusively on accretion-powered ones. This is the first textbook to treat these two kinds of pulsars simultaneously with equal importance, stressing the fact that both are rotating, magnetic neutron stars, operating under different conditions during different parts of their lives. It describes the observational properties of both kinds of pulsars, summarizes our physical understanding of these properties, and pays detailed attention to the physics of superdense matter which neutron stars are composed of, as well as to the superfluidity which is expected to occur in neutron stars. Evolution from rotation-power to accretion-power, and vice versa, are carefully described. The effects of the strong magnetic fields of neutron stars on themselves, their emission properties, and their environments are discussed, as are the origin and evolution of such magnetic fields. Also treated is the superbly accurate verification of Einstein's theory of general relativity through timing studies of binary pulsars, which led to the award of the Nobel Prize to Hulse and Taylor in 1993. On each topic, the book starts with simple, basic physical concepts, and builds up the exposition to the point where the latest and most exciting developments become accessible to the reader. Contents:The Discovery of PulsarsPhysics of Neutron StarsOrigin and Evolution of Neutron StarsProperties of Rotation Powered PulsarsSuperfluidity in Neutron Stars and Glitch DiagnosticsProperties of Accretion Powered PulsarsPulsar MagnetospheresPulsar Emission MechanismsSpin Evolution of Neutron StarsNeutron Star Magnetic FieldsStrange Stars Readership: Graduate students and upper level undergraduates, researchers and teachers in astrophysics, astronomy, theoretical physics, astro-plasma physics, general relativity and related subjects. Keywords:Reviews:“Neutron stars are implicated in some of the most fascinating phenomena in the universe. This comprehensive text is unique in its authoritative and clear coverage of what we have learnt about neutron stars in different cosmic environments from observations in all wavebands.”Professor Sir M J Rees Astronomer Royal Cambridge University “Rotation and Accretion Powered Pulsars by Professor Pranab Ghosh is a masterpiece of erudition and pedagogy and can be recommended without hesitation to both beginners and specialists in this fascinating field of modern astrophysics.”Professor Jean-Pierre Lasota Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris “This book is an excellent and up to date basic reference source for all theoretical and observational aspects of neutron stars and will be very much welcomed by everyone working in high-energy astrophysics, stellar evolution and the studies of pulsars. For those teaching courses in these fields of astrophysics it also is highly recommended.”Space Science Reviews “The book is written in a very readable style, with clear explanations of the subtleties of the various topics and occasional anecdotal notes on points of historical interest. It would be a valuable addition to the library of anyone interested in the physics of compact stellar objects.”Australian Physics
2007-04-17 By Pranab Ghosh

constants in that theory are evaluated by using recent results on intergalactic Faraday rotation . ( auth ) 16368 KINEMETRIC INVARIANTS AND THEIR ... ( auth ) 16374 RELATIVISTIC MANY - BODY THEORY FOR STRONGLY INTERACTING MATTER .

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Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000047759589

Category: Nuclear energy

Page:

View: 199

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