Search Results for special-operations-and-strategy

This work examines how a number of different special operations, in conjunction with more conventional military actions, achieve and sustain strategic effect(s) over time.

Author: James D. Kiras

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135989897

Category: History

Page: 238

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James D. Kiras shows how a number of different special operations, in conjunction with more conventional military actions, achieve and sustain strategic effect(s) over time. In particular, he argues that the root of effective special operations lies in understanding the relationship existing between moral and material attrition at the strategic level. He also presents a theoretical framework for understanding how special operations achieve strategic effects using a unique synthesis of strategic theory and case studies. This study shows how the key to understanding how special operations reside in the concept of strategic attrition and in the moral and material nature of strategy. It also highlights major figures such as Carl von Clausewitz, Hans Delbrück, and Mao Zedong, who understood these complexities and were experts in eroding an enemy’s will to fight. These and other examples provide a superb explanation of the complexities of modern strategy and the place of special operations in a war of attrition. This book will be of great interest to all students and scholars with an interest in special forces and of strategic and military studies in general.
2006-07-29 By James D. Kiras

Author:

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1428982094

Category:

Page:

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Author: Frank R. Barnett

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112075631538

Category: Military art and science

Page: 326

View: 865

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"Much has been written about the who and how of special operations.

Author: Cory M. Peterson

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:851814423

Category: National security

Page: 22

View: 882

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"Much has been written about the who and how of special operations. To date very little more than a paragraph has been devoted to what special operations are and how they fit into a nation's grand strategy; not only during times of war but during those periods between the wars. This paper was written with the mindset of taking a fresh look at the employment of special operations forces (SOF) at the political level of warfare in a time when financial austerity comes to the forefront of policy makers decisions. In the twenty-six years since the stand-up of US Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) global threats have morphed. The world has evolved from a bi-polar conflict characterized by the Cold War through what may be the end of major conventional operations such as Desert Storm and Operation Iraqi Freedom I. Today it continues to evolve into an even more uncertain and complex state of radicalized extremist threats. SOF has the unique capability of operating in a pre-crisis capacity to enhance regional security by working with allies and partners, in less obvious ways, to enhance regional partners. It can act as a preventative mechanism that helps build the community of nations and create a more stable and thus, prosperous, world. This paper sets the strategic context for future operations, defines the domain of special operations and provides recommendations for the operational employment and education and guidance needed to achieve a security enhancing situation. It is only by taking a fresh look at a collective image of what special operations are that they can be used for the maximum effect in support of America's national security strategy."--Abstract.

With this book, Tucker and Lamb dispel common misconceptions and offer a penetrating analysis of how these unique and valuable forces can be employed to even better effect in the future.

Author: David Tucker

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231506892

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 398

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In October and November of 2001, small numbers of soldiers from the Army Special Forces entered Afghanistan, linked up with elements of the Northern Alliance (an assortment of Afghanis opposed to the Taliban), and, in a remarkably short period of time, destroyed the Taliban regime. Trained to work with indigenous forces and personnel like the Northern Alliance, these soldiers, sometimes riding on horseback, combined modern military technology with ancient techniques of central Asian warfare in what was later described as "the first cavalry charge of the twenty-first century." In this engaging book, two national security experts and Department of Defense insiders put the exploits of America's special operation forces in historical and strategic context. David Tucker and Christopher J. Lamb offer an incisive overview of America's turbulent experience with special operations. Using in-depth interviews with special operators at the forefront of the current war on terrorism and providing a detailed account of how they are selected and trained, the authors illustrate the diversity of modern special operations forces and the strategic value of their unique attributes. From the first chapter, this book builds toward a set of recommendations for reforms that would allow special operations forces to make a greater contribution to the war on terrorism and play a more strategic role in safeguarding the nation's security. Along the way, the authors explain why special operations forces are:" Distinguished by characteristics not equally valued by their own leadership" Strategically crucial because of two mutually supporting but undeniably distinct sets of capabilities not found in conventional forces" Not to be confused with the CIA and so-called paramilitary forces, nor with the Marines and other elite forces" Unable to learn from the 1993 failed intervention in Somalia and the national-oversight issues it revealed" Better integrated into the nation's military strategy and operations than ever before but confused about their core missions in the war on terror" Not "transformed" for future challenges as many assert but rather in need of organizational reforms to realize their strategic potential Despite longstanding and growing public fascination with special operators, these individuals and the organizations that employ them are little understood. With this book, Tucker and Lamb dispel common misconceptions and offer a penetrating analysis of how these unique and valuable forces can be employed to even better effect in the future.
2007-09-04 By David Tucker

Among these are the close integration of military operations into the larger political context, the early provision of appropriate external support resources, and the presence of sufficient and appropriately trained special operators to ...

Author: Gregg D. Jones

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:227989445

Category:

Page: 134

View: 166

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This study investigates the historical utility of Special Operations Forces (SOF) as instruments of national military strategy. The research concept employs the study of a representative historical example of each of the five current doctrinal SOF missions. The intent is to both assess the effectiveness of the SOF efforts at the time that they occurred, and to derive continuing themes, if appropriate, for SOF strategic employment in the future. The study concludes that SOF strategic employment, as represented by the operations examined, has been largely effective, though not without setbacks. Further, there are operational and organizational components that repeatedly are central to success. Among these are the close integration of military operations into the larger political context, the early provision of appropriate external support resources, and the presence of sufficient and appropriately trained special operators to complete the assigned mission. While these components do not represent a checklist for the success of a strategic SOF operation, they do represent realities that historical experience suggests will be of continuing importance.
1991 By Gregg D. Jones

In Spec Ops, a well-organized and deeply researched study, McRaven analyzes eight classic special operations.

Author: William H. McRaven

Publisher: Presidio Press

ISBN: 9780307547231

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 845

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Vice Adm. William H. McRaven helped to devise the strategy for how to bring down Osama bin Laden, and commanded the courageous U.S. military unit that carried it out on May 1, 2011, ending one of the greatest manhunts in history. In Spec Ops, a well-organized and deeply researched study, McRaven analyzes eight classic special operations. Six are from WWII: the German commando raid on the Belgian fort Eben Emael (1940); the Italian torpedo attack on the Alexandria harbor (1941); the British commando raid on Nazaire, France (1942); the German glider rescue of Benito Mussolini (1943); the British midget-submarine attack on the Tirpitz (1943); and the U.S. Ranger rescue mission at the Cabanatuan POW camp in the Philippines (1945). The two post-WWII examples are the U.S. Army raid on the Son Tay POW camp in North Vietnam (1970) and the Israeli rescue of the skyjacked hostages in Entebbe, Uganda (1976). McRaven—who commands a U.S. Navy SEAL team—pinpoints six essential principles of “spec ops” success: simplicity, security, repetition, surprise, speed and purpose. For each of the case studies, he provides political and military context, a meticulous reconstruction of the mission itself and an analysis of the operation in relation to his six principles. McRaven deems the Son Tay raid “the best modern example of a successful spec op [which] should be considered textbook material for future missions.” His own book is an instructive textbook that will be closely studied by students of the military arts. Maps, photos.
2009-02-04 By William H. McRaven

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:10818620

Category:

Page: 21

View: 736

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1971 By

This book offers different perspectives on the utilization and development of special operations forces (SOF) in small states.

Author: Gunilla Eriksson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319439617

Category: Political Science

Page: 198

View: 503

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“Over the past dozen years special operations forces (SOF) have been one of the few areas of growth and expansion in a number of militaries. This growth and expansion, however, has not been mirrored by a comparable one in academic inquiries into the subject. Special Operations from a Small State Perspective - Future Security Challenges, which contains a wide range of perspectives from both practitioners and academics, makes a unique contribution to the literature and offers fascinating insights into the opportunities provided by and challenges confronting small states such as Swedenin their evolutionary development and use of SOF.” Dr James Kiras, Associate Professor, School of Advanced Air and Space Studies, The Air University, Alabama, USA.
2017-05-25 By Gunilla Eriksson

Concurrently, a number of people question whether the greatest strategic utility is being made of SOF power.6 This is not a questioning of SOF personnel's efforts, but a genuine concern about how unique and limited capabilities are used, or ...

Author: Department of Defense

Publisher:

ISBN: 1549559125

Category:

Page: 95

View: 987

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In this concise JSOU monograph, Dr. Rich Yarger considers the 21st century security environment, previous work on special operations theory, and various other perspectives of SOF gleaned from his research to synthesize an American SOF school of thought, which he argues provides a foundation for developing an American special operations theory for the 21st century. He offers definitions, premises, and principles that explain modern American special operations over the last 70 years and can serve SOF well into the future. Based on his research, he identifies major areas of concern for SOF leadership. As USSOCOM confronts the challenges offered by the 21st century and policymakers continue to look at SOF as a preferred means to address numerous and complex security issues, theory is essential in determining and explaining the appropriate roles and missions for SOF in the 21st century and for building and sustaining the forces. It explains the strategic utility of SOF, bolsters the strategic art within SOF, and informs doctrine. This monograph offers a basis toward such a theory. The timing for advancing a comprehensive theory of American special operations could not be more opportune for several reasons. First, with over 70 years of modern history, the American SOF reputation has never stood higher in the esteem of the public and policymakers. In the last two decades special operations have taken on a greater role in national defense, and policymakers and strategists have found utility in the kind of military power SOF projects. Such recognition is a double-edged sword. The nation has been confronted with significant challenges in the first half of the 21st century that have already strained the capacity of the United States and its strategic partners to deal with them. Policymakers and the 2012 Defense Strategy are correct to recognize the relevance of SOF to these threats and opportunities, but in advocating the greater use of special operations they clearly do not grasp what the SOF Truths imply about SOF capacity.5 As a result, U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) must parley the hard-earned esteem won by special operators over the past decade to build the force for the future while advising policymakers and senior military decision makers on how best to use a qualitatively constrained SOF capacity. Concurrently, a number of people question whether the greatest strategic utility is being made of SOF power.6 This is not a questioning of SOF personnel's efforts, but a genuine concern about how unique and limited capabilities are used, or not used, and how they might best be used in the future. A unified theory would inform how best to wield the SOF sword. Second, under USSOCOM, SOF have matured into a discrete military force with many of the distinguishing characteristics that define a separate service. Theories and schools of thought explain how each service fits into the nation's security, sets the parameters for roles and missions, lays the basis for a strategic art, and informs doctrine and the professional development of the force. In the past, SOF have relied on mentoring, on-the-job experience, a limited doctrine, and a high degree of flexibility and adaptability. Notwithstanding the great need for and value of the latter, a theory and school of thought provide perspective for strategy, mission planning, and improvising when in contact with the enemy, significantly shortening and lowering the cost of the learning curve at all levels of war.
2017-08-22 By Department of Defense

Why have special operations forces become a key strategic tool in the conduct of modern warfare? How do these specially trained and equipped elite units function? What types of missions do they conduct?

Author: Christopher Marsh

Publisher:

ISBN: 1626378223

Category: Special operations (Military science)

Page: 231

View: 112

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Why have special operations forces become a key strategic tool in the conduct of modern warfare? How do these specially trained and equipped elite units function? What types of missions do they conduct? Special Operations: Out of the Shadows addresses these questions and more in a comprehensive survey of special ops, encompassing cutting-edge research, current debates, and critical case studies.
2019-07-31 By Christopher Marsh

Author: National Defense Industrial Association (U.S.)

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:45529816

Category: Low-intensity conflicts (Military science)

Page:

View: 222

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This fourth edition of the Special Operations Forces Reference Manual was redesigned to support the Joint Special Operations University's academic mission.

Author: Department of Defense

Publisher:

ISBN: 1521084300

Category:

Page: 216

View: 366

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This fourth edition of the Special Operations Forces Reference Manual was redesigned to support the Joint Special Operations University's academic mission. It provides general information on U.S. Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force Special Operations Forces (SOF). More specifically, this document is designed to accomplish three broad purposes: 1. Provide a single primary source of reference material on all SOF components; 2. Provide an overview of special operations and SOF to facilitate a broader understanding of SOF capabilities to academic institutions and personnel who may not routinely use this data; 3. Provide standard SOF reference data to SOF faculty members at professional military education institutions for use in their instruction. The target audience for this manual spans from special operations staff officers and enlisted personnel at United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM), its component and subordinate commands, the theater special operations commands, conventional force/unified commands and their staffs that may employ SOF in their areas of responsibility to partner-nation staffs, and both civilian and military educational institutions. This reference manual is doctrinally based, drawing information and data from joint, USSOCOM, and service publications. Chapter 1 * Introduction to Special Operations * Special Operations * Four Factors for Successful Special Operations * Characteristics of Special Operations * SOF Truths * SOF Ethic and Culture - Quiet Professionals * Doctrinal Overview of Special Operations Forces * Successful Conduct * United States Special Operations Command * Joint Special Operations * Shaping Environments * The Strategic Environment * Attributes of SOF * Precision Strike and Effects * Tailored and Integrated Operations * Ubiquitous Access * Regional Expertise, Presence, and Influence * C4ISR Dominance * Agile and Unconventional Logistics * Force Protection and Survivability * SOF Operational Framework/SOF Operating Concept * Special Operations and Strategic Challenges * SOF Operating Concept * SOF Core Activities * Stability Operations * Support Considerations for SOF * Chapter 2 * Special Operations Force Structure * United States Special Operations Command * USSOCOM-A Unique Organization * Headquarters, U.S. Special Operations Command (HQ USSOCOM) * USSOCOM J2 Intelligence * USSOCOM J3 Operations * Global Mission Support Center (GMSC) * SOF Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics (SOF AT&L) * USSOCOM J5 Strategy, Plans, and Policy * USSOCOM J6 Communications Systems * USSOCOM J8 Force Structure, Requirements, Resources, and Strategic Assessments Directorate * Special Operations Financial Management (SOFM) * USSOCOM Directorate of Force Management and Development (FMD) (J1, J7, J9, and Joint Special Operations University) * Joint Special Operations University (JSOU) * USSOCOM Organizations * Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) * Theater Special Operations Commands (TSOCs) * Special Operations Command, Africa (SOCAFRICA) * Special Operations Command, Central (SOCCENT) * Special Operations Command, Europe (SOCEUR) * Special Operations Command, Korea (SOCKOR) * Special Operations Command, North (SOCNORTH) * Special Operations Command, Pacific (SOCPAC) * Special Operations Command, South (SOCSOUTH) * SOF Operational Command and Control * Special Operations Forces Joint Task Force * Command and Control of SOF in Theater * Role of the TSOC Commander * Forming a SOF Command and Control Structure (JSOTF or JFSOCC) * SOF as the Lead for a Joint Task Force * Notional Organization of a JSOTF * Joint Special Operations Air Component (JSOAC) * SOF Integration with Conventional Operations and Forces * Joint Military Information Support Task Force (JMISTF) * Joint Civil-Military Operations Task Force (JCMOTF) * NATO Special Operations Component Command
2017-04-17 By Department of Defense

Special Operations Forces (SOF) are elite, highly trained military units that conduct operations that typically exceed the capabilities of conventional forces.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:318694812

Category:

Page: 105

View: 253

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Special Operations Forces (SOF) are elite, highly trained military units that conduct operations that typically exceed the capabilities of conventional forces. They have figured prominently in US military operations since 2001 and have become central to the implementation of US national defense strategy with respect to the war against violent Islamic radicalism. During the unconventional war against the Taliban and al Qaeda in Afghanistan in Operation Enduring Freedom, SOF played a pivotal role by integrating US precision air power with the operations of irregular Afghan opposition forces to achieve rapid regime change and eliminate al Qaeda's primary sanctuary. Since the fall of the Taliban, SOF have played a critical role in training and advising elements of the Afghan National Army, providing personal security for senior Afghan officials, and capturing or killing scores of senior Taliban and al Qaeda leaders and lower-level operatives. They are also currently conducting operations along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border and training elements of Pakistan's Special Service Group. In the early phases of the war with Iraq, SOF again played a central role in a special-operations-intensive campaign, providing the primary ground force element on two of three fronts, and performing a number of special reconnaissance, direct action, and unconventional warfare missions in support of the conventional campaign. Over the past five years, they have been instrumental in training and advising Iraqi security forces, as well as in hunting down high-value al-Qaeda targets in Iraq. In the broader war against violent Islamic radicalism, to the extent their constrained capacity allows, SOF are building partner capacity, collecting intelligence, hunting high-value targets, and conducting other counterterrorism operations in multiple countries across several continents. The operations tempo currently being sustained by SOF is the highest in its history.
2008 By

This volume undertakes a systematic analysis of the relationship between Special Forces and contemporary strategy, explaining the resurgence of interest in Special Forces, particularly in the West, by exploring their appeal over traditional ...

Author: Alastair Finlan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134180431

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 605

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This volume undertakes a systematic analysis of the relationship between Special Forces and contemporary strategy, explaining the resurgence of interest in Special Forces, particularly in the West, by exploring their appeal over traditional conventional force options in the current ‘War on Terror’. Special Forces, Terrorism and Strategy comprises four overarching themes: theory and practice command and control culture and technology operations and the ‘War on Terror’. By developing a credible theory about the role of Special Forces in contemporary strategy, Alastair Finlan assesses the changing character of the relationship between conventional forces and Special Forces, illustrating the prominent role of these forces in the ‘War on Terror’. This book will be of great interest to students of strategic studies and military history, as well as for professional military colleges.
2009-10-16 By Alastair Finlan

The book combines analysis of key concepts, theory and military doctrine with reference to relevant examples from history, and integrates the land, sea and air environments.

Author: David Jordan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107134195

Category: Political Science

Page: 490

View: 626

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A fully revised and updated new edition of this leading introduction to the theory and conduct of warfare in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. The book combines analysis of key concepts, theory and military doctrine with reference to relevant examples from history, and integrates the land, sea and air environments.
2016-07-14 By David Jordan

Special Operations Forces: Army Plans Highly Concurrent Acquisition Strategy for Costly Helicopters

Author: United States Accounting Office (GAO)

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1720504628

Category:

Page: 32

View: 437

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Special Operations Forces: Army Plans Highly Concurrent Acquisition Strategy for Costly Helicopters

Leadership and a new philosophical conversation of action is needed to eliminate violent terrorism. This book starts the conversation.

Author: Jack Murphy

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 9781466885400

Category: History

Page: 32

View: 118

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The President recently announced that we don't have a strategy for dealing with ISIS. "It's too soon to say what steps the United States will take against ISIS. I don't want to put the cart before the horse," Obama told reporters during a White House news briefing. "We don't have a strategy yet.""-President Obama If we have been at war with terror for over a decade and still don't have solid strategies for dealing with radical terrorism, then what have we really been doing the last thirteen years? It's a good question to ask yourself, and at least the President was telling the truth when he said we don't have a strategy for ISIS. As ISIS grows in strength with each successful battle, they will also set up the infrastructure of something resembling a functional state. They will become a self-funded organization making millions of dollars from oil revenue. Left unchecked, it is hard to say how powerful they could become. The dream of a pan-Islamic caliphate is most certainly beyond their reach, however, they could carve out a very large swath of the Middle East for their empire. If ISIS were to capture the first and second most holy sites of the Islamic faith, Mecca and Medina, the entire Middle East may very well implode. The ISIS Solution takes a look at the current geopolitical situation, organizational structure of ISIS, and provides new thinking and strategies for dealing with the Islamic State in the Middle East. Its authors and contributors have over fifty years of combined experience in the intelligence, analyst and Special Operations communities. Leadership and a new philosophical conversation of action is needed to eliminate violent terrorism. This book starts the conversation.
2014-11-18 By Jack Murphy

Electronic Warfare: Army Special Operations Acquisition Strategy for Improved Equipment Is Sound

Author: United States Accounting Office (GAO)

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1720593639

Category:

Page: 28

View: 429

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Electronic Warfare: Army Special Operations Acquisition Strategy for Improved Equipment Is Sound

8, 42, 135, 141, 146, 147, 148, 157 Special Operations Command Central (SOCCENT) 141 Special Operations Command ... 7, 98, 159 Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) 115 Spetznaz see Soviet Special Forces sports utility vehicles (SUV) 148 ...

Author: Alastair Finlan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134180424

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 878

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This volume undertakes a systematic analysis of the relationship between Special Forces and contemporary strategy, explaining the resurgence of interest in Special Forces, particularly in the West, by exploring their appeal over traditional conventional force options in the current ‘War on Terror’. Special Forces, Terrorism and Strategy comprises four overarching themes: theory and practice command and control culture and technology operations and the ‘War on Terror’. By developing a credible theory about the role of Special Forces in contemporary strategy, Alastair Finlan assesses the changing character of the relationship between conventional forces and Special Forces, illustrating the prominent role of these forces in the ‘War on Terror’. This book will be of great interest to students of strategic studies and military history, as well as for professional military colleges.
2009-10-16 By Alastair Finlan

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