Search Results for soils-in-the-nexus

This volume discusses the relation between soil health and human health in relation to plant, animal, and human nutrition; pest and pathogen infection from soil; deficiency of micronutrients; toxicity of heavy metals; geophagy, and other ...

Author: Taylor & Francis Group

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0367422131

Category:

Page: 344

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The term "soil health" refers to the functionality of a soil as a living ecosystem capable of sustaining plants, animals, and humans while also improving the environment. In addition to soil health, the environment also comprises the quality of air, water, vegetation, and biota. The health of soil, plants, animals, people, and the environment is an indivisible continuum. One of the notable ramifications of the Anthropocene is the growing risks of decline in soil health by anthropogenic activities. Important among these activities are deforestation, biomass burning, excessive soil tillage, indiscriminate use of agrochemicals, excessive irrigation by flooding or inundation, and extractive farming practices. Soil pollution, by industrial effluents and urban waste adversely impacts human health. Degradation of soil health impacts nutritional quality of food, such as the uptake of heavy metals or deficit of essential micro-nutrients, and contamination by pests and pathogens. Indirectly, soil health may impact human health through contamination of water and pollution of air. This book aims to: Present relationships of soil health to human health and soil health to human nutrition. Discuss the nexus between soil degradation and malnourishment as well as the important links between soil, plant, animal and human health. Detail reasons oil is a cause of infectious diseases and source of remedial measures. Part of the Advances in Soil Sciences series, this informative volume covering various aspects of soil health appeals to soil scientists, environmental scientists and public health workers.
2020-12-21 By Taylor & Francis Group

To overcome these challenges, we need to consider soils in an integrated and holistic manner: in the nexus. This book presents transdisciplinary perspectives and potential responses to soil-related challenges to sustainable development.

Author: Charlotte Beckh

Publisher: Green Books

ISBN: 386581431X

Category: Food security

Page: 164

View: 503

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Care of the soil is crucial if we are to ensure water, energy and food security for nine billion people by 2050. The soil sustains biodiversity and can contribute to the mitigation of climate change, but it is a non-renewable resource within human timeframes. We too often treat his resource in unsustainable ways, with the result that approximately 24 billion tonnes of fertile soil is lost each year due to erosion. Insecurity and the loss of land rights among local populations contribute to the problem.We need, therefore, to consider soils in an integrated and holistic manner: in the nexus. This book presents an interdisciplinary perspective and provides pathways towards the sustainable governance of soil and land.
2014-10-01 By Charlotte Beckh

A review of soil carbon dynamics resulting from agricultural practices. Journal of Environmental Management 268, 110319. Aitta, A., El-Ramady, H., Alshaal, ...

Author: Rattan Lal

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000326338

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 186

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The term "soil health" refers to the functionality of a soil as a living ecosystem capable of sustaining plants, animals, and humans while also improving the environment. In addition to soil health, the environment also comprises the quality of air, water, vegetation, and biota. The health of soil, plants, animals, people, and the environment is an indivisible continuum. One of the notable ramifications of the Anthropocene is the growing risks of decline in soil health by anthropogenic activities. Important among these activities are deforestation, biomass burning, excessive soil tillage, indiscriminate use of agrochemicals, excessive irrigation by flooding or inundation, and extractive farming practices. Soil pollution, by industrial effluents and urban waste adversely impacts human health. Degradation of soil health impacts nutritional quality of food, such as the uptake of heavy metals or deficit of essential micro-nutrients, and contamination by pests and pathogens. Indirectly, soil health may impact human health through contamination of water and pollution of air. This book aims to: Present relationships of soil health to human health and soil health to human nutrition. Discuss the nexus between soil degradation and malnourishment as well as the important links between soil, plant, animal and human health. Detail reasons oil is a cause of infectious diseases and source of remedial measures. Part of the Advances in Soil Sciences series, this informative volume covering various aspects of soil health appeals to soil scientists, environmental scientists and public health workers.
2020-12-21 By Rattan Lal

The Universal Soil Loss Equation Estimations from the 137Cs method are usually validated by comparing results obtained from other methods such as runoff ...

Author: Mekuria Argaw Denboba

Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag

ISBN: 9783865374448

Category: Soil conservation

Page: 161

View: 639

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Vadose Zone J 15(12):36–48. https://doi.org/10.2136/vzj2016.09.0080 Bouma J (2016b) Implications of the NEXUS approach when assessing water and soil quality ...

Author: Stephan Hülsmann

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030575304

Category: Electronic books

Page: 255

View: 757

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They reflect the interdependence of several factors in the fire nexus, including climate, fuel accumulation, variability of soil and topographic properties, ...

Author: John A. Stanturf

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128131947

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 768

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Soils and Landscape Restoration provides a multidisciplinary synthesis on the sustainable management and restoration of soils in various landscapes. The book presents applicable knowledge of above- and below-ground interactions and biome specific realizations along with in-depth investigations of particular soil degradation pathways. It focuses on severely degraded soils (e.g., eroded, salinized, mined) as well as the restoration of wetlands, grasslands and forests. The book addresses the need to bring together current perspectives on land degradation and restoration in soil science and restoration ecology to better incorporate soil-based information when restoration plans are formulated. Incudes a chapter on climate change and novel ecosystems, thus collating the perspective of soil scientists and ecologists on this consequential and controversial topic Connects science to international policy and practice Includes summaries at the end of each chapter to elucidate principles and key points
2020-10-24 By John A. Stanturf

Emphasis in this position paper is on the relations between waste, water, and soil and centers therefore on soil processes interacting with solid waste and ...

Author: Hiroshan Hettiarachchi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319285931

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 209

View: 674

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This book elaborates how water, soil, and waste may be managed in a nexus and how this approach may help combat global change. In addition to providing a brief account on nexus thinking and how it may help us tackle issues important to the world community such as food security, the book presents the environmental resource perspective of three main aspects of global change: climate change, urbanization, and population growth. Taking as its point of departure the thematic discussions of the Dresden Nexus Conference (DNC 2015) held in March 2015, the book presents the perspectives of a number of thought leaders on how the nexus approach could contribute to sustainable environmental resource management. The first chapter provides an introduction to the issues and consent of the book. Chapters 2 and 3 focus on climate change adaptation. Chapters 4 and 5 discuss the role of urbanization as a main driver of global change. The last two chapters of the book present ideas on how the nexus approach may be used to cope with population growth and increased demand for resources.
2016-04-08 By Hiroshan Hettiarachchi

Poor soil fertility is the outcome of soil erosion and temperature - mediated
exhaustion of soil organic matter , which is generally much less than 0 . 5 % .
Various kinds of nutrient deficiencies are common in these soils . • Nitrogen is
universally ...

Author: Dr. K. Srinivasan

Publisher: TATA McGraw-Hill Publishing Company

ISBN: UOM:39015052681718

Category: Economic development

Page: 452

View: 852

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iron, and aluminum, while the sand in a soil originating from weathered granite supports a texture that allows the soil to drain.

Author: Peter Saundry

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030299149

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 688

View: 760

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This will be the first textbook on the integration of food, energy and water systems (FEWS). In recent years, the world has seen a dramatic rise in interdisciplinary energy and environmental courses and degrees at the undergraduate and graduate levels. In the US for instance, the number and variety of such programs has increased significantly over the past decade, Simultaneously, national and international initiatives that integrate food, energy and water systems have been launched. This textbook provides a substantive introduction to the food-energy-water nexus suitable for use in higher level undergraduate and graduate level courses and for scholars moving into the field of nexus studies without a strong background in all three areas and the many aspects of nexus studies.
2020-04-06 By Peter Saundry

The nexus describes where and in which way systems interconnect. Food production requires water, energy and soil. That this implies healthy soils is often ...

Author: Schaldach, Ruth

Publisher: kassel university press GmbH

ISBN: 9783737607780

Category: Political Science

Page: 250

View: 890

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Virtual water trade increased with globalisation. However, this trade does not always flow in such direction, that water abundant regions supply water scarce regions with water intense products. Often the opposite happens and depletive water trade intensifies causing water scarcity. This work focuses on the Water-Energy-Soil-Trade-Nexus with each element seen as a materialisation of discourses. Two cases illustrate specific parts of the Nexus, firstly, the close relationship of market liberalisation, foreign direct investment and virtual water trade is represented with Viet Nam’s Doi Moi policy and rapid economic growth. Secondly, the water-energy dimension linkages are drawn by following the case of hydraulic fracturing from the U.S. to Australia’s gas drills embedded in a global perspective. This work helps to understand especially cases, where virtual water trade dries out water resources in already vulnerable areas.
2020-01-20 By Schaldach, Ruth

Hatfield JL, Sauer TJ, Cruse RM (2017) Soil: the forgotten piece of the water, food, energy nexus. In: Advances in agronomy, vol 143.

Author: Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811602399

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 216

View: 844

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Water, Energy and Food are the very basic necessities of human life and all the three of them are interconnected with each other, this connection being called the Water-Energy-Food nexus. Water is an inevitable element to energy and food systems to work. Water is essential for the growth of crops and produce energy and it consumes a lot of energy to treat and move water. Food and energy are equally dependent upon each other as well. This book highlights with various examples and case studies from around the World, the importance of this concept.

The contributions in this book describe the role soils play for plant, animal and human health.

Author: Bal Ram Singh

Publisher: Catena Soil Sciences

ISBN: 351065417X

Category:

Page: 163

View: 977

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The contributions in this book describe the role soils play for plant, animal and human health. They show that soil- and human health are intricately connected, because healthy soils produce healthy crops, which in turn nourish humans and animals, allowing for their health and productivity. Soil quality directly influences the quality and quantity of food that can be produced, as soils provide essential macro- and micronutrients and attenuate environmental pollutants. On the other hand, these same pollutants, thus concentrated in soils, may cause soils to become toxic and degraded. Soils (and their crops) may also be responsible for exposure to pests and pathogens, while, at the same time, providing drug substances and may even suppress diseases. Soil quality is vital on a global scale, as more than 800 million people around the world are undernourished, implying that their intake of food is insufficient to meet their daily energy needs, and the deficiency of essential micronutrients is even more widespread. Nearly one third of the world's population is affected by zinc deficiency, while iron deficiency affects nearly 3 billion people. Climate change has been shown to affect animal and human health, and soils are intricately linked to the atmosphere by being both a source and sink of greenhouse gases. Soils are the largest active terrestrial reservoir of organic carbon and its sequestration in soils can be enhanced by improved management practices. The book summarizes the current state of research of these important issues and provides a comprehensive treatise of the global importance of soils to for humankind.
2017-12 By Bal Ram Singh

In contrast to sectoral integrated management concepts (e.g., soil, water, forest and agriculture), the Nexus Approach focuses on increasing resource ...

Author: Lulu Zhang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319549576

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 148

View: 908

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This book comprehensively describes the major ecosystem services in dryland environments that are provided by typical land use, including forestland, grassland and farmland, using the Loess Plateau, Northwest China as an example. It offers extensive information on land policy, implementation and scientific evidence, and discusses the restoration of the degraded Loess Plateau environment, which that brings new challenges in the sustainable use of natural resources, in particular soil and water. It presents a transdisciplinary and up-to-date understanding of interlinkages and competition between different ecosystem services and illustrates benefit sharing among different users and stakeholders, land- management practitioners and local governments. It is a major contribution to the on-going debate on future land-development strategies and identifies areas where there is a need for more research. This book is a valuable resource for students, scientists and policy makers.
2017-04-29 By Lulu Zhang

Afsar MA, Khalil SK, Wahab S, Khalil IH, Khan AZ, Khattak MK (2017) Impact of various ratios of nitrogen and sulfur on maize and soil pH in semiarid region.

Author: Pardeep Singh

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030669560

Category:

Page:

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Water, Soil and Waste Resources Considering Global Change Mathew Kurian, Reza Ardakanian. The nexus approach can be extremely useful in developing ...

Author: Mathew Kurian

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319057477

Category: Science

Page: 230

View: 390

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Global trends such as urbanization, demographic and climate change that are currently underway pose serious challenges to sustainable development and integrated resources management. The complex relations between demands, resource availability and quality and financial and physical constraints can be addressed by knowledge based policies and reform of professional practice. The nexus approach recognizes the urgent need for this knowledge and its interpretation in a policy- relevant setting that is guided by the understanding that there is a lack of blueprints for development based on integrated management of water, soil and waste resources in the Member States. Generation and application of knowledge is both a priority for individual but also institutional capacity development.
2014-11-08 By Mathew Kurian

In addition, low soil organic matter (SOM) is also becoming a concern. For example, 45% of European soils now have low SOM, mostly in Southern Europe, ...

Author: Hiroshan Hettiarachchi

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030362836

Category:

Page:

View: 393

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2.1 Portable X-Ray Fluorescence (pXRF) for Soil Analysis Soil classification system has criteria that depend on field observations complemented by ...

Author: Müfit Bahadir

Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag

ISBN: 9783736989436

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

View: 573

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Water-energy-food NEXUS is central to sustainable development in MENA Region. Demand for these domains is increasing, driven with a rising global population, changing diets, rapid urbanization and economic growth. Agriculture is considered to be the largest consumer of the world’s freshwater resources, and more than one-quarter of the energy consumed globally is spent on food production and supply. The linkages between these essential domains require an appropriately integrated approach to ensuring water and food security, sustainable agriculture, and energy production worldwide. Water is a finite resource having to serve exponentially more people and usages, and so ensuring that everyone has access to a reliable supply and sustainable progress. As water resources become more stretched, the energy and food sectors’ dependence on water means that decision-makers are now increasingly focusing on water resources management, ecosystem protection, and water supply and sanitation as part of their policy and practice for sustainable developments goals. In addition, there will need development of less water-intensive renewable energy, such as hydropower and wind power, before it makes a significant impact on water demand. As agriculture set to remain the biggest user of water into the middle of this century, efficiency measures along the entire agrifood technologies can help saving water and energy, such as precision irrigation based on information supplied by water providers, which can motivate farmers to invest in their systems ensuring the best returns from their water investments. The expert workshop held in Aswan, Egypt aimed to exchange knowledge and to share information on water-energy-food challenges and solutions, and to establish a sustainable network of water experts in the MENA Region.
2019-01-07 By Müfit Bahadir

oriented (e.g., having a soil chemical parameter exclusively related to the ... IRT-5: Integrated Scenarios for the Land-Soil-Water-Food Nexus Under ...

Author: Harald Ginzky

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319688855

Category: Law

Page: 497

View: 573

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This book presents an important discussion on soil and sustainable agriculture from a range of perspectives, addressing key topics such as sustainable intensification, the FAO Voluntary Guidelines, and the crucial role of appropriate tenure rights. This second volume of the International Yearbook of Soil Law and Policy is divided into four parts, the first of which deals with several aspects of the theme “soil and sustainable agriculture.” In turn, the second part covers recent international developments, the third part presents regional and national reports, and the fourth discusses cross-cutting issues. Given the range of key topics covered, the book offers an indispensable tool for all academics, legislators and policymakers working in this field. The “International Yearbook of Soil Law and Policy” is a book series that discusses central questions in law and politics with regard to the protection and sustainable management of soil and land – at the international, national and regional level. The Chapter "The Use of Property Law Tools for Soil Protection" by Jessica Owley is available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com.
2017-12-20 By Harald Ginzky

As the vegetation changes from stumps to bushy shrubs to high canopy trees, raindrop impact on soil surfaces becomes less forceful with increasing ...

Author: Tuyeni Heita Mwampamba

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889632473

Category:

Page:

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Editorial: Tuyeni H Mwampamba, Rob Bailis, Adrian Ghilardi Urbanization, food, and water consumption trends in many tropical countries show that demand for charcoal (as a source of cooking energy), meat, grain and water will rise to proportions that surpass the ability of existing ecosystems to supply these services simultaneously and at desired qualities. Consequently, drastic changes to policy and practice are needed to improve ecosystem potential and/or alter demand trends. Traditional charcoal production in sub-Saharan Africa, South East Asia and Latin America often competes or co-exists with livestock keeping and agriculture and has a tendency to occur in water-limited woodlands. The co-occurrence of charcoal and food production results in complex landscapes characterized by strong interactions between subsystems, managed by multiple sets of actors, with potentially competing objectives. These social-ecological systems provide goods and services that are essential to millions of people throughout the global south. Nevertheless, there have been very few detailed studies of such systems, particularly on the individual and combined effects of charcoal, crop, and livestock production on the hydrological system that maintains them and vice versa. As a result, these multi-use landscapes are typically managed by short-sighted, highly generalized, mono-sectorial policies that ignore important tradeoffs and undercapitalize on synergies. A system-level approach could provide important insights that improve and expand current understanding of this energy-food-water nexus. Tackling urgent and complex problems composed of multiple and interrelated factors lies at the heart of nexus thinking - an approach that “examines the inter-relatedness and interdependencies of environmental resources and their transitions and fluxes across spatial scales and between compartments” (UNU-FLORES 2015) and relies on interdisciplinary research and multi-sector policy teams. It has attracted significant interest from international organizations, the private sector and governments as a way to develop integrated equitable solutions that involve inputs from multiple stakeholders. However, this approach is notably absent in the research arena. Identifying appropriate interventions for achieving sustainable charcoal and food production and maintaining the underlying hydrological system on which they depend requires that the systems are considered simultaneously and that their biophysical, social, and political inter-relations are well understood. Taking charcoal as the nexus entry-point, this Research Topic aims to generate new understanding of charcoal production systems by incorporating agriculture and hydrology into the matrix. We were interested in empirical articles, reviews, meta-analytical articles and perspective papers that address at least two of the three nexus components and which offer provocative and insightful perspectives into the nexus as a whole. We hope that this Research Topic will 1) facilitate identification of research gaps, policy opportunities and priorities for the nexus, 2) kick-start the development of a community of researchers and practitioners working on the nexus, and 3) permit the development of a research agenda that explores the nexus globally across multiple study sites.
2020-02-04 By Tuyeni Heita Mwampamba

Table 7.1 Carbon stock values resulting from soil-vegetation association Vegetation Soils (Kgc/m2) High activity clay soils (S1) Different soils of low ...

Author: Walter Leal Filho

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030572358

Category:

Page:

View: 313

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