Search Results for self-fulfilling-prophecy

Professional helpers may harm their clients instead of helping them. This is one of the important implications – for the selection, training and practice of members of the helping professions – of the evidence reviewed in this book.

Author: Gerald G. Smale

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429640308

Category: Psychology

Page: 114

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Professional helpers may harm their clients instead of helping them. This is one of the important implications – for the selection, training and practice of members of the helping professions – of the evidence reviewed in this book. Originally published in 1977, Gerald Smale argues that the expectations of the professional helper, whether social worker, doctor, psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, psychotherapist or counsellor, can act as self-fulfilling prophecies on his or her clients, for better or worse. In order to suggest how the expectations of the helper might operate, the author examines a three-stage model of self-fulfilling prophecies. The stages are: the prophecy; behaviour based upon the prophecy; the outcome brought about by the behaviour. Extensive evidence from the fields of experimenter bias, hypnosis and placebo medicine, psychotherapy, casework and counselling research, is reviewed and related to the model, and the relationship between this analysis and labelling theory is discussed. The book demonstrates that it is the behaviour of the worker towards the client which is of crucial importance, and proposes that the client’s future and his or her personal strengths should be an important focus of the helping relationship. Finally, it outlines the dangers of negative expectations, and emphasises the ways in which expectations can be used to optimum effect.
2019-03-04 By Gerald G. Smale

The last part of the book presents a collection of testimonials written from the viewpoint of practitioners.

Author: Robert T. Tauber

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0275955028

Category: Education

Page: 184

View: 749

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What we expect, all too often, is exactly what we get. Nowhere is this more true than in education, where teachers' expectations of students are crucial. The self-fulfilling prophecy should be of great interest to teachers, both those in training and those in service. Whether or not a teacher is aware of it, the self-fulfilling prophecy is at work, impacting students either to their benefit or their detriment. It follows that teachers should be made aware of the SFP and how it can be used effectively in education. Using the new on-line research facilities, Dr. Tauber has compiled over 700 doctoral dissertations and countless journal articles on stereotyping, perception of social differences, race, gender, ethnicity, body features, age, socioeconomic levels, special needs, and other personal and situational factors. The last part of the book presents a collection of testimonials written from the viewpoint of practitioners.

Author: Robert King Merton

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:606212855

Category:

Page:

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TRAPPED.... Self-fulfilling Prophecy Is a true account of a fifty-year struggle to overcome the harsh rejection of an alcoholic mother.

Author: Rose

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 9781418402099

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 200

View: 229

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This is a story of love and action drawn on a backdrop of revolutionary violence. The novel is set in Peru in 1993 when the country is recovering from a long, brutal, still simmering civil war. The protagonist, Jim Hiram, has returned to Peru at the request of an old friend, a collector of pre-Columbian antiquities, who has a job for him locating a special artifact. Jim had worked as a financial planner in Lima until 1985 when he left after the Sendero Luminoso guerrilla movement brought the war to the capital from its sierra stronghold of Ayacucho, the Corner of The Dead'. He expects his return to be a short-term venture, but he is drawn into a spiraling series of complications and intrigues. He is also drawn into love. Against the dark wine red canvas, the somber shade of dried blood, is set the bright fuchsia of renewing love. Through the maze of a society reeling on the edge of disintegration, Jim makes his way by his wit and his words. As another character observes, he is a smooth liar', but there are no lies when it comes to love and its regenerative power for him.
2004-11-01 By Rose

Author: Theodore Brameld

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:30836470

Category: Education

Page: 24

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Author: S. E. Champenby

Publisher:

ISBN: 0980303346

Category: Young adult fiction

Page: 241

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2008 By S. E. Champenby

Author: Jacob Neusner

Publisher: University of South Florida

ISBN: IND:30000004296749

Category: Religion

Page: 230

View: 702

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1990 By Jacob Neusner

50-50 everything means everything is true, thus a self-fulfilling prophecy (is the nature of nature). Observation conserves a circle.

Author: Ilexa Yardley

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 1503353257

Category:

Page: 58

View: 904

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50-50 everything means everything is true, thus a self-fulfilling prophecy (is the nature of nature). Observation conserves a circle.
2014-11-22 By Ilexa Yardley

In counterterrorism circles, the standard response to questions about the possibility of future attacks is the terse one-liner: “Not if, but when.” This mantra supposedly conveys a realistic approach to the problem, but, as Joseba ...

Author: Joseba Zulaika

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226994178

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 816

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In counterterrorism circles, the standard response to questions about the possibility of future attacks is the terse one-liner: “Not if, but when.” This mantra supposedly conveys a realistic approach to the problem, but, as Joseba Zulaika argues in Terrorism, it functions as a self-fulfilling prophecy. By distorting reality to fit their own worldview, the architects of the War on Terror prompt the behavior they seek to prevent—a twisted logic that has already played out horrifically in Iraq. In short, Zulaika contends, counterterrorism has become pivotal in promoting terrorism. Exploring the blind spots of counterterrorist doctrine, Zulaika takes readers on a remarkable intellectual journey. He contrasts the psychological insight of Truman Capote’s In Cold Blood with The 9/11 Commission Report, plumbs the mindset of terrorists in works by Orianna Fallaci and Jean Genet, maps the continuities between the cold war and the fight against terrorism, and analyzes the case of a Basque terrorist who tried to return to civilian life. Zulaika’s argument is powerful, inventive, and rich with insights and ideas that provide a new and sophisticated perspective on the War on Terror.
2009-12-15 By Joseba Zulaika

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1075292781

Category:

Page: 12

View: 734

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1994 By

This title contests the received wisdom in the field of social psychology that suggests that social perception and judgment are generally flawed, biased, and powerfully self-fulfilling.

Author: Lee Jussim

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 9780195366600

Category: Medical

Page: 474

View: 515

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Social Perception and Social Reality contests the received wisdom in the field of social psychology that suggests that social perception and judgment are generally flawed, biased, and powerfully self-fulfilling. Jussim reviews a wealth of real world, survey, and experimental data collected over the last century to show that in fact, social psychological research consistently demonstrates that biases and self-fulfilling prophecies are generally weak, fragile, and fleeting. Furthermore, research in the social sciences has shown stereotypes to be accurate. Jussim overturns the received wisdom concerning social perception in several ways. He critically reviews studies that are highly cited darlings of the bias conclusion and shows how these studies demonstrate far more accuracy than bias, or are not replicable in subsequent research. Studies of equal or higher quality, which have been replicated consistently, are shown to demonstrate high accuracy, low bias, or both. The book is peppered with discussions suggesting that theoretical and political blinders have led to an odd state of affairs in which the flawed or misinterpreted bias studies receive a great deal of attention, while stronger and more replicable accuracy studies receive relatively little attention. In addition, the author presents both personal and real world examples (such as stock market prices, sporting events, and political elections) that routinely undermine heavy-handed emphases on error and bias, but are generally indicative of high levels of rationality and accuracy. He fully embraces scientific data, even when that data yields unpopular conclusions or contests prevailing conventions or the received wisdom in psychology, in other social sciences, and in broader society.
2012-04-06 By Lee Jussim

Author: Karen S. Brubaker

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1057036118

Category: Management

Page:

View: 167

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This research examined whether self-fulfilling prophecies and perceptual biases accumulated across perceivers.

Author: Jennifer Willard

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:78903800

Category:

Page: 118

View: 118

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This research examined whether self-fulfilling prophecies and perceptual biases accumulated across perceivers. Two types of accumulation processes were tested: concurrent and synergistic accumulation. Concurrent accumulation occurs when the independent expectancy effects of multiple perceivers add up. Synergistic accumulation occurs when one perceiver's expectancy effect is stronger when other perceivers hold similar expectations. Trios of same-sex participants (N= 107), each consisting of two perceivers and one target, were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: a no hostile expectation condition, a single hostile expectation condition, and a double hostile expectation condition. These conditions manipulated perceivers' expectations of the target and the similarity of their expectations. In the no hostile expectation condition neither perceiver was given an expectation about the target's personality. In the single hostile expectation condition one perceiver was given no expectation about the target's personality, while the other was given the expectation that the target was hostile. In the double hostile expectation condition both perceivers were given an expectation that the target was hostile. Following the expectation manipulation, each trio participated in an interaction in which perceivers asked targets questions to find out more about them. These questions were selected from a larger pool of questions that were designed to elicit either a non-hostile or hostile response. After the interaction, targets' mood and perceivers' impressions of the target were assessed. Results were consistent with a hypothesis confirmation process. Perceivers given a hostile expectation asked more hostile questions than perceivers given no hostile expectation. However, targets did not confirm perceivers' expectations by reporting a hostile mood; thus, no self-fulfilling prophecy or the accumulation of such effects occurred. Although targets' mood did not change, perceivers rated the targets more negatively when given a hostile expectation compared to those given no hostile expectation, indicating that a perceptual bias occurred. Moreover, perceivers' impressions of targets were more negative as the number of perceivers holding a hostile expectation increased. This pattern of results indicated that perceptual biases were accumulating across perceivers in a concurrent fashion. Results did not support a pattern of synergistic accumulation of perceptual biases.

Author: Juerg Judin

Publisher:

ISBN: 3943689069

Category:

Page:

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2017 By Juerg Judin

Author: Linda Carol Gilbert

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:48496931

Category: Chess players

Page: 378

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Author: Dov Eden

Publisher: Free Press

ISBN: MINN:31951D00224600L

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 228

View: 763

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1990 By Dov Eden

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 0335065139

Category: Social psychology

Page:

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1976 By

Author: Paul M. Insel

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39076000994868

Category: Expectation (Psychology)

Page: 245

View: 580

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1975 By Paul M. Insel

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