Search Results for pandemics-a-very-short-introduction

Machine generated contents note: -- Introduction -- Chapter 1: Plague -- Chapter 2: Smallpox -- Chapter 3: Malaria -- Chapter 4: Cholera -- Chapter 5: Tuberculosis -- Chapter 6: Influenza -- Chapter 7: HIV/AIDS -- References -- Further ...

Author: Christian W. McMillen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199340071

Category: MEDICAL

Page: 153

View: 786

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Machine generated contents note: -- Introduction -- Chapter 1: Plague -- Chapter 2: Smallpox -- Chapter 3: Malaria -- Chapter 4: Cholera -- Chapter 5: Tuberculosis -- Chapter 6: Influenza -- Chapter 7: HIV/AIDS -- References -- Further Reading -- Index

In this very short introduction, Paul Slack explores the historical and cultural impact of plague over the centuries.

Author: Paul Slack

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199589548

Category: History

Page: 138

View: 570

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In this very short introduction, Paul Slack explores the historical and cultural impact of plague over the centuries. He examines not only its identity, causes, and effects, but also how it changed the lives of those who suffered from it, and the important impact it had on our notions of public health
2012-03-22 By Paul Slack

In this Very Short Introduction Benjamin Bolker and Marta L. Wayne explore the world of infectious disease, from viruses and bacteria to protists and fungi.

Author: Marta Wayne

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199688937

Category: Medical

Page: 144

View: 797

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As doctors and biologists have learned, to their dismay, infectious disease is a moving target: new diseases emerge every year, old diseases evolve into new forms, and ecological and socioeconomic upheavals change the transmission pathways by which disease spread. By taking an approach focused on the general evolutionary and ecological dynamics of disease, this Very Short Introduction provides a general conceptual framework for thinking about disease. Ecology and evolution provide the keys to answering the "where", "why", "how", and "what" questions about any particular infectious disease: where did it come from? How is it transmitted from one person to another, and why are some individuals more susceptible than others? What biochemical, ecological, and evolutionary strategies can be used to combat the disease? Is it more effective to block transmission at the population level, or to block infection at the individual level? Through a series of case studies, Benjamin Bolker and Marta L. Wayne introduce the major ideas of infectious disease in a clear and thoughtful way, emphasizing the general principles of infection, the management of outbreaks, and the evolutionary and ecological approaches that are now central to much research about infectious disease. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
2015-06-03 By Marta Wayne

Networks are involved in many aspects of everyday life, from food webs in ecology and the spread of pandemics to social networking and public transport.

Author: Guido Caldarelli

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199588077

Category: Computers

Page: 122

View: 930

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Networks are involved in many aspects of everyday life, from food webs in ecology and the spread of pandemics to social networking and public transport. This Very Short Introduction explores the basics of network theory to understand the science of complexity and its importance, using examples from nature, technology, and society, and history.
2012-10-25 By Guido Caldarelli

Viruses are big news.

Author: Dorothy H. Crawford

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198811718

Category: Medical virology

Page: 158

View: 640

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Viruses are big news. From pandemics such as HIV, swine flu, and SARS, we are constantly being bombarded with information about new lethal infections. In this Very Short Introduction, Dorothy Crawford demonstrates from their discovery and the unravelling of their intricate structures, how clever these entities really are.

In this Very Short Introduction, Sebastian Amyes explores the nature of bacteria.

Author: Sebastian G.B. Amyes

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780199578764

Category: Science

Page: 152

View: 272

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In this Very Short Introduction, Sebastian Amyes explores the nature of bacteria. As a fundamental branch of life, they inhabit every part of the Earth's surface. Amyes examines their origin and evolution, bacteria in the environment, and bacteria and disease, to demonstrate the fundamental role they play in our existence.
2013-05-30 By Sebastian G.B. Amyes

The seventh pandemic has had the greatest effect in Africa—90 percent of cases. ... continue to plague much of the continent, so too does cholera: since the ...

Author: Christian W. McMillen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199340088

Category: Medical

Page: 160

View: 316

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The 2014 Ebola epidemic demonstrated the power of pandemics and their ability not only to destroy lives locally but also to capture the imagination and terrify the world. Christian W. McMillen provides a concise yet comprehensive account of pandemics throughout human history, illustrating how pandemic disease has shaped history and, at the same time, social behavior has influenced pandemic disease. Extremely interesting from a medical standpoint, the study of pandemics also provides unexpected, broader insights into culture and politics. This Very Short Introduction describes history's major pandemics - plague, tuberculosis, malaria, smallpox, cholera, influenza, and HIV/AIDS - highlighting how each disease's biological characteristics affected its pandemic development. McMillen discusses state responses to pandemics, such as quarantine, isolation, travel restrictions, and other forms of social control, and pays special attention to the rise of public health and the explosion of medical research in the wake of pandemics, especially as the germ theory of disease emerged in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Today, medicine is able to control all of these diseases, yet some of them are still devastating in much of the developing world. By assessing the relationship between poverty and disease and the geography of epidemics, McMillen offers an outspoken and thought-provoking point of view on the necessity for global governments to learn from past experiences and proactively cooperate to prevent any future epidemic.
2016-11-01 By Christian W. McMillen

Providing an introduction to HIV/AIDS, this book explains the science, the international and local politics, the demographics and the devastating consequences of the disease.

Author: Alan Whiteside

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192806925

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 147

View: 405

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HIV/AIDS is without doubt the worst epidemic to hit humankind since the Black Death. Despite rapid scientific advances, there is still no cure and the drugs are expensive and toxic. In some of the worst affected countries, life expectancy has plummeted to below 35 years, which has led to a serious decline in economic growth, a sharp rise in orphaning, and the imminent collapse of health care systems. This Very Short Introduction tackles the science, the international and local politics, the fascinating demographics, and the devastating consequences of the disease, and explores how we have - and must - respond.
2008 By Alan Whiteside

ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly.

Author: William Bynum

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191607554

Category: Medical

Page: 184

View: 989

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Against the backdrop of unprecedented concern for the future of health care, this Very Short Introduction surveys the history of medicine from classical times to the present. Focussing on the key turning points in the history of Western medicine, such as the advent of hospitals and the rise of experimental medicine, Bill Bynum offers insights into medicine's past, while at the same time engaging with contemporary issues, discoveries, and controversies. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
2008-07-31 By William Bynum

Christian W. McMillen's Pandemics. A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: OUP, 2016) is an excellent account of a large topic. For an introduction to different ...

Author: Paul Slack

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192644497

Category: Medical

Page: 160

View: 695

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Very Short Introductions: Brilliant, Sharp, Inspiring Throughout history plague has been the cause of many major catastrophes. It was responsible for the 'Plague of Justinian' in 542, the Black Death of 1348, and the Great Plague of London in 1665, as well as for devastating epidemics in China and India between the 1890s and 1920s. In the 21st century Coronavirus pandemics have served as a powerful reminder that we have not escaped the global impact of epidemic diseases. In this Very Short Introduction, Paul Slack takes a global approach to explore the historical and social impact of plague over the centuries, looking at the ways in which it has been interpreted, and the powerful images it has left behind in art and literature. Examining what plague meant for those who suffered from it, and how governments began to fight against it, he demonstrates the impact plague has had on modern notions of public health, and how it has shaped our history. This new edition also includes evidence on the nature of plague taken from recent discoveries in ancient DNA as well as new research on plague in the Middle East. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
2021-06-24 By Paul Slack

In this second edition of his Very Short Introduction, Gary Thomas explores how and why education has evolved as it has, examining the ways in which it has responded over the centuries to various influences in politics, philosophy, and the ...

Author: Gary Thomas

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192602886

Category: Education

Page: 160

View: 446

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Since the early Egyptians human beings have formalised the business of learning, setting up a designated environment of some form to pass knowledge and learning on to groups of students. In this second edition of his Very Short Introduction, Gary Thomas explores how and why education has evolved as it has, examining the ways in which it has responded over the centuries to various influences in politics, philosophy, and the social sciences. Focussing on education today, he considers especially the controversies over progressive versus formal teaching, and also examines education worldwide, assessing the accelerating trend on both sides of the Atlantic of the move to charter, academy, and 'free' schools. The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically accelerated moves to online learning in schools and universities, and in this new edition Thomas looks again at curriculums and what shape they should take in a rapidly changing world. He asks why action on race, gender and social inequality has borne so little fruit thus far, questioning the oft-made claim of education to be a force for social mobility, and offering an analysis on how education may develop over the coming century. Very Short Introductions: Brilliant, Sharp, Inspiring ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
2021-09-23 By Gary Thomas

... Henry, 1985 repr., London Labour and the London Poor, London McMillen, Christian, W. 2016, Pandemics: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford McNeil, ...

Author: Paul Chrystal

Publisher: Pen and Sword History

ISBN: 9781399005432

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 808

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This revelatory book charts and explains the impact and consequences of successive pandemics, plagues and epidemics on the course of world history – all through the lens of today’s ongoing global experience of COVID 19. Ranging from prehistory to the present day, it first defines what constitutes a pandemic or epidemic then looks at 20 guilty diseases: including cholera, influenza, bubonic plague, leprosy, measles, smallpox, malaria, AIDS, MERS, SARS, Zika, Ebola and, of course, Covid-19. Some less well-known, but equally significant and deadly contagions such as Legionnaires’ Disease, psittacosis, polio, the Sweat, and dancing plague, are also covered. The book is ordered chronologically. Each chapter features an explanation and description of epidemiology, sources and vectors, morbidity, mortality, governmental response and reaction, societal response and impact as well as psychological issues where known - and the political, legal and scientific consequences it had or has for each locus at a local and international level. In short – the book explains how each of the events both made and influenced subsequent history in its own way, particularly how each shaped future medical and scientific research and vaccine development programmes. It also examines myths about infectious diseases, the role of the media and social media. Perhaps most importantly, Paul Chrystal asks what lessons have been learnt. Will we be better prepared next time? Because, if one thing is sure, there is going to be a ‘next time’.
2021-08-31 By Paul Chrystal

ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly.

Author: Virginia Berridge

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191002144

Category: Medical

Page: 144

View: 490

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Public health is a term much used in the media, by health professionals, and by activists. At the national or the local level there are ministries or departments of public health, whilst international agencies such as the World Health Organisation promote public health policies, and regional organisations such as the European Union have public health funding and policies. But what do we mean when we speak about 'public health'? In this Very Short Introduction Virginia Berridge explores the areas which fall under the remit of public health, and explains how the individual histories of different countries have come to cause great differences in the perception of the role and responsibilities of public health organisations. Thus, in the United States litigation on public health issues is common, but state involvement is less, while some Scandinavian countries have a tradition of state involvement or even state ownership of industries such as alcohol in connection with public health. In its narrowest sense, public health can refer to the health of a population, the longevity of individual members, and their freedom from disease, but it can also be anticipatory, geared to the prevention of illness, rather than simply the provision of care and treatment. In the way public health deals with healthy as well as sick people it is therefore a separate concept from health services, which deal with the sick population. Drawing on a wide range of international examples, Berridge demonstrates the central role of history to understanding the amorphous nature of public health today. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
2017-04-06 By Virginia Berridge

The pandemic dwindled and now only a few cases annually, from around fifteen countries, are reported. The residue of the pandemic remains in the wild rodent ...

Author: Sebastian G. B. Amyes

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191654077

Category: Medical

Page: 144

View: 303

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Bacteria form a fundamental branch of life. They are the oldest forms of life as we know it, and they are still the most prolific living organisms. They inhabit every part of the Earth's surface, its ocean depths, and even terrains such as boiling hot springs. They are most familiar as agents of disease, but benign bacteria are critical to the recycling of elements and all ecology, as well as to human health. In this Very Short Introduction, Sebastian Amyes explores the nature of bacteria, their origin and evolution, bacteria in the environment, and bacteria and disease. In looking at our efforts to manage co-evolving bacteria, he also considers the challenges of resistance to antibiotics. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
2013-05-30 By Sebastian G. B. Amyes

McMillen, C. (2016) Pandemics: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press. McNeill, W. H. (1998 [1976]) Plagues and Peoples, ...

Author: Gerard Delanty

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110713350

Category: Social Science

Page: 278

View: 767

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This volume is an important contribution to our understanding of global pandemics in general and Covid-19 in particular. It brings together the reflections of leading social and political scientists who are interested in the implications and significance of the current crisis for politics and society. The chapters provide both analysis of the social and political dimensions of the Coronavirus pandemic and historical contextualization as well as perspectives beyond the crisis. The volume seeks to focus on Covid-19 not simply as the terrain of epidemiology or public health, but as raising fundamental questions about the nature of social, economic and political processes. The problems of contemporary societies have become intensified as a result of the pandemic. Understanding the pandemic is as much a sociological question as it is a biological one, since viral infections are transmitted through social interaction. In many ways, the pandemic poses fundamental existential as well as political questions about social life as well as exposing many of the inequalities in contemporary societies. As the chapters in this volume show, epidemiological issues and sociological problems are elucidated in many ways around the themes of power, politics, security, suffering, equality and justice. This is a cutting edge and accessible volume on the Covid-19 pandemic with chapters on topics such as the nature and limits of expertise, democratization, emergency government, digitalization, social justice, globalization, capitalist crisis, and the ecological crisis. Contents Notes on Contributors Preface Gerard Delanty 1. Introduction: The Pandemic in Historical and Global Context Part 1 Politics, Experts and the State Claus Offe 2. Corona Pandemic Policy: Exploratory Notes on its ‘Epistemic Regime’ Stephen Turner 3. The Naked State: What the Breakdown of Normality Reveals Jan Zielonka 4. Who Should be in Charge of Pandemics? Scientists or Politicians? Jonathan White 5. Emergency Europe after Covid-19 Daniel Innerarity 6. Political Decision-Making in a Pandemic Part 2 Globalization, History and the Future Helga Nowotny 7. In AI We Trust: How the COVID-19 Pandemic Pushes us Deeper into Digitalization Eva Horn 8. Tipping Points: The Anthropocene and COVID-19 Bryan S. Turner 9. The Political Theology of Covid-19: a Comparative History of Human Responses to Catastrophes Daniel Chernilo 10. Another Globalisation: Covid-19 and the Cosmopolitan Imagination Frédéric Vandenberghe & Jean-Francois Véran 11. The Pandemic as a Global Total Social Fact Part 3 The Social and Alternatives Sylvia Walby 12. Social Theory and COVID: Including Social Democracy Donatella della Porta 13. Progressive Social Movements, Democracy and the Pandemic Sonja Avlijaš 14. Security for Whom? Inequality and Human Dignity in Times of the Pandemic Albena Azmanova 15. Battlegrounds of Justice: The Pandemic and What Really Grieves the 99% Index
2021-02-22 By Gerard Delanty

... A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016), 99. Edgar Sydenstricker, “The Incidence of Influenza among Persons of Different ...

Author: Mitchell L. Hammond

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781487593735

Category: History

Page: 536

View: 857

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Epidemics and the Modern World uses "biographies" of epidemics such as plague, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS to explore the impact of diseases on society from the fourteenth century to the twenty-first century.
2020-02-09 By Mitchell L. Hammond

( سلسلة مقدمات موجزة ) ترجمة كتاب : Pandemics : A Very Short Introduction تدمك : ۵-۰۳۳-۲۵-۹۹۶۸-۹۷۸ 1- الأوبئة- تاریخ . أ- غزلان ، حسن . ب- خريس ، أحمد . ج .

Author: كريستيان ماكميلان

Publisher: دائرة الثقافة والسياحة – أبوظبي، مركز أبوظبي للغة العربية، مشروع كلمة للترجمة

ISBN: 9789948256335

Category: Health & Fitness

Page:

View: 255

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يتناول‭ ‬الكتاب‭ ‬سبعاً‭ ‬من‭ ‬أكثر‭ ‬الجوائح‭ ‬تأثيراً‭ ‬في‭ ‬تاريخ‭ ‬البشرية‭: ‬الطاعون،‭ ‬والسُّل،‭ ‬والملاريا،‭ ‬والجدري،‭ ‬والكوليرا،‭ ‬والإنفلونزا،‭ ‬والإيدز‭. ‬وهو‭ ‬يوضح‭ ‬تأثير‭ ‬خواصها‭ ‬الحيوية‭ ‬في‭ ‬تطورها‭ ‬كجوائح،‭ ‬والجدل‭ ‬الذي‭ ‬قام‭ ‬في‭ ‬المجتمعات‭ ‬حول‭ ‬ماهيتها،‭ ‬واستجابة‭ ‬الحكومات‭ ‬والمؤسسات‭ ‬لكل‭ ‬منها‭. ‬ويَظهر‭ ‬التباين‭ ‬الهائل‭ ‬في‭ ‬هذه‭ ‬الاستجابات‭ ‬عبر‭ ‬سنِّ‭ ‬القوانين،‭ ‬وتطبيق‭ ‬الحجر‭ ‬الصحي،‭ ‬والعزل،‭ ‬ومنع‭ ‬السفر،‭ ‬وغيرها‭. ‬ويحمل‭ ‬الكتاب‭ -‬أيضاً‭- ‬في‭ ‬طياته‭ ‬وصفاً‭ ‬تاريخياً‭ ‬للتطور‭ ‬العلمي‭ ‬والطبي‭ ‬والمخبري‭ ‬الذي‭ ‬رافق‭ ‬العديد‭ ‬من‭ ‬هذه‭ ‬الجوائح،‭ ‬وأثره‭ ‬المهم‭ ‬في‭ ‬تدعيم‭ ‬الصحة‭ ‬العالمية،‭ ‬والتخفيف‭ ‬من‭ ‬آثار‭ ‬الجوائح‭ ‬الكارثية،‭ ‬ونشوء‭ ‬ما‭ ‬أصبح‭ ‬يعرف‭ ‬بالصحة‭ ‬العامة‭.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

... 2019); Christian W. McMillen, Pandemics: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford, 2016); Charles E. Rosenberg, Explaining Epidemics (Cambridge, 1992); Frank ...

Author: Zhou Xun

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 9781789145083

Category: Medical

Page: 180

View: 662

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A timely exploration of the global explosion in xenophobia during the COVID-19 pandemic. Through a close analysis of four cases from around the world, this book explores prejudice toward groups who are thought to have caused and spread COVID-19: the residents of Wuhan and Black African communities in China; ultra-Orthodox Jewish communities in the United States, United Kingdom, and Israel; African-Americans in the United States and Black/Asian/mixed ethnic communities in the United Kingdom; and White right-wing groups in the United States and Europe. The authors examine stereotyping and the false attribution of blame towards these groups, as well as what happens when a collective is actually at fault, and how the community deals with these conflicting issues. This is a timely, cogent examination of the blame and xenophobia that have been brought to the surface by the COVID-19 pandemic.
2021-10-06 By Zhou Xun

Springer, Singapore (2018). https://doi. org/10.1007/978-981-10-7497-49 14. McMillen, C.W.: Pandemics: A Very Short Introduction. Very Short Introductions.

Author: Enzo Rucci

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030612184

Category:

Page:

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2020 By Enzo Rucci

On average , flu A epidemics and pandemics kill around one in a thousand of those infected , with the very young , the very old , and those with chronic ...

Author: Dorothy H. Crawford

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192539717

Category: Medical

Page: 160

View: 821

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Viruses are big news. From pandemics such as HIV, to swine flu, and SARS, we are constantly being bombarded with information about new lethal infections. In this Very Short Introduction Dorothy Crawford demonstrates how clever these entities really are. From their discovery and the unravelling of their intricate structures, Crawford demonstrates how these tiny parasites are by far the most abundant life forms on the planet. With up to two billion of them in each litre of sea water, viruses play a vital role in controlling the marine environment, and are essential to the ocean's delicate ecosystem. In this fully updated edition, Crawford recounts stories of renowned killer viruses such as the recent Ebola and Zika epidemics, as well as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, and considers the importance of air travel in facilitating the international spread of viruses in the twenty first century. Discussing the impact of global warming, which is increasing the range of vector-transmitted viruses such as dengue, yellow fever, and West Nile virus, she also considers the effect this will have on native populations in subtropical and temperate climates of the Americas, Australasia, and Europe. By examining our lifestyle in the 21st century, Crawford looks to the future to ask whether we can ever live in harmony with viruses, and considers the ways in which we may need to adapt to prevent emerging viruses with devastating consequences. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
2018-02-22 By Dorothy H. Crawford

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