Search Results for nancy-cartwrights-philosophy-of-science-routledge-studies-in-the-philosophy-of-science

This book is devoted to a critical assessment of Cartwright’s philosophy of science and contains contributions from Cartwright's champions and critics.

Author: Luc Bovens

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134170562

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 419

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Nancy Cartwright is one of the most distinguished and influential contemporary philosophers of science. Despite the profound impact of her work, there is neither a systematic exposition of Cartwright’s philosophy of science nor a collection of articles that contains in-depth discussions of the major themes of her philosophy. This book is devoted to a critical assessment of Cartwright’s philosophy of science and contains contributions from Cartwright's champions and critics. Broken into three parts, the book begins by addressing Cartwright's views on the practice of model building in science and the question of how models represent the world before moving on to a detailed discussion of methodologically and metaphysically challenging problems. Finally, the book addresses Cartwright's original attempts to clarify profound questions concerning the metaphysics of science. With contributions from leading scholars, such as Ronald N. Giere and Paul Teller, this unique volume will be extremely useful to philosophers of science the world over.
2008-06-03 By Luc Bovens

Nancy Cartwright and the Nature of Scientific Reasoning Hsiang-Ke Chao, Julian Reiss. Darden, L. (2013). ... Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Science, 33, 1–28. Glennan, S. (1996). ... Routledge Press.

Author: Hsiang-Ke Chao

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319455327

Category: Science

Page: 204

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This volume reflects the ‘philosophy of science in practice’ approach and takes a fresh look at traditional philosophical problems in the context of natural, social, and health research. Inspired by the work of Nancy Cartwright that shows how the practices and apparatuses of science help us to understand science and to build theories in the philosophy of science, this volume critically examines the philosophical concepts of evidence, laws, causation, and models and their roles in the process of scientific reasoning. Each chapter is an important one in the philosophy of science, while the volume as a whole deals with these philosophical concepts in a unified way in the context of actual scientific practice. This volume thus aims to contribute to this new direction in the philosophy of science.​
2016-12-27 By Hsiang-Ke Chao

Nancy Cartwright's Philosophy of Science (Routledge Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 3). New York: Routledge, pp. 67–90. Morrison, M. 2016. Models and Theories. In P. Humphreys (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of ...

Author: Roman Frigg

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781000609530

Category: Philosophy

Page: 508

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Models and theories are of central importance in science, and scientists spend substantial amounts of time building, testing, comparing and revising models and theories. It is therefore not surprising that the nature of scientific models and theories has been a widely debated topic within the philosophy of science for many years. The product of two decades of research, this book provides an accessible yet critical introduction to the debates about models and theories within analytical philosophy of science since the 1920s. Roman Frigg surveys and discusses key topics and questions, including: What are theories? What are models? And how do models and theories relate to each other? The linguistic view of theories (also known as the syntactic view of theories), covering different articulations of the view, its use of models, the theory-observation divide and the theory-ladenness of observation, and the meaning of theoretical terms. The model-theoretical view of theories (also known as the semantic view of theories), covering its analysis of the model-world relationship, the internal structure of a theory, and the ontology of models. Scientific representation, discussing analogy, idealisation and different accounts of representation. Modelling in scientific practice, examining how models relate to theories and what models are, classifying different kinds of models, and investigating how robustness analysis, perspectivism, and approaches committed to uncertainty-management deal with multi-model situations. Models and Theories is the first comprehensive book-length treatment of the topic, making it essential reading for advanced undergraduates, researchers, and professional philosophers working in philosophy of science and philosophy of technology. It will also be of interest to philosophically minded readers working in physics, computer sciences and STEM fields more broadly.
2022-06-28 By Roman Frigg

Journal of Philosophy, 107(9), 469–490. Morrison, M. (2008). Models as representational structures. In S. Hartmann, C. Hoefer, & L. Bovens (Eds.), Nancy Cartwright's philosophy of science (pp. 67–90), Routledge studies in the philosophy ...

Author: Roman Frigg

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030451530

Category: Philosophy

Page: 241

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This monograph offers a critical introduction to current theories of how scientific models represent their target systems. Representation is important because it allows scientists to study a model to discover features of reality. The authors provide a map of the conceptual landscape surrounding the issue of scientific representation, arguing that it consists of multiple intertwined problems. They provide an encyclopaedic overview of existing attempts to answer these questions, and they assess their strengths and weaknesses. The book also presents a comprehensive statement of their alternative proposal, the DEKI account of representation, which they have developed over the last few years. They show how the account works in the case of material as well as non-material models; how it accommodates the use of mathematics in scientific modelling; and how it sheds light on the relation between representation in science and art. The issue of representation has generated a sizeable literature, which has been growing fast in particular over the last decade. This makes it hard for novices to get a handle on the topic because so far there is no book-length introduction that would guide them through the discussion. Likewise, researchers may require a comprehensive review that they can refer to for critical evaluations. This book meets the needs of both groups.
2020-09-02 By Roman Frigg

This is a much-needed new introduction to a field that has been transformed in recent years by exciting new subjects, ideas, and methods.

Author: Nancy Cartwright

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199645107

Category: Philosophy

Page: 353

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This is a much-needed new introduction to a field that has been transformed in recent years by exciting new subjects, ideas, and methods. It is designed both for students with central interests in philosophy and those planning to concentrate on the social sciences, and it presupposes no particular background in either domain. From the wide range of topics at the forefront of debate in philosophy of social science, the editors have chosen those which are representative of the most important and interesting contemporary work. A team of distinguished experts explore key aspects of the field such as social ontology (what are the things that social science studies?), objectivity, formal methods, measurement, and causal inference. Also included are chapters focused on notable subjects of social science research, such as well-being and climate change. Philosophy of Social Science provides a clear, accessible, and up-to-date guide to this fascinating field.

Nancy Cartwright's Philosophy of Science. London: Routledge. Bailer-Jones, D. M. 2008. Standing up against tradition: Models and theories in NancyCartwright's philosophyof science. In Hartmann, Hoefer, and Bovens, Nancy Cartwright's ...

Author: Daniela M. Bailer-Jones

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 9780822971238

Category: Science

Page: 248

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Scientists have used models for hundreds of years as a means of describing phenomena and as a basis for further analogy. In Scientific Models in Philosophy of Science, Daniela Bailer-Jones assembles an original and comprehensive philosophical analysis of how models have been used and interpreted in both historical and contemporary contexts. Bailer-Jones delineates the many forms models can take (ranging from equations to animals; from physical objects to theoretical constructs), and how they are put to use. She examines early mechanical models employed by nineteenth-century physicists such as Kelvin and Maxwell, describes their roots in the mathematical principles of Newton and others, and compares them to contemporary mechanistic approaches. Bailer-Jones then views the use of analogy in the late nineteenth century as a means of understanding models and to link different branches of science. She reveals how analogies can also be models themselves, or can help to create them. The first half of the twentieth century saw little mention of models in the literature of logical empiricism. Focusing primarily on theory, logical empiricists believed that models were of temporary importance, flawed, and awaiting correction. The later contesting of logical empiricism, particularly the hypothetico-deductive account of theories, by philosophers such as Mary Hesse, sparked a renewed interest in the importance of models during the 1950s that continues to this day. Bailer-Jones analyzes subsequent propositions of: models as metaphors; Kuhn's concept of a paradigm; the Semantic View of theories; and the case study approaches of Cartwright and Morrison, among others. She then engages current debates on topics such as phenomena versus data, the distinctions between models and theories, the concepts of representation and realism, and the discerning of falsities in models.
2009-09-13 By Daniela M. Bailer-Jones

Nancy Cartwright's philosophy of science, London: Routledge (Routledge studies in the philosophy of science), 137–163. Tohmé, Fernando; Delrieux, Claudio; Otávio, Bueno (2011): “Defeasible Reasoning + Partial Models: A Formal Framework ...

Author: Claudia Blöser

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9789401210119

Category: Law

Page: 257

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Defeasibility, most generally speaking, means that given some set of conditions A, something else B will hold, unless or until defeating conditions C apply. While the term was introduced into philosophy by legal philosopher H.L.A. Hart in 1949, today, the concept of defeasibility is employed in many different areas of philosophy. This volume for the first time brings together contributions on defeasibility from epistemology (Mikael Janvid, Klemens Kappel, Hannes Ole Matthiessen, Marcus Willaschek, Michael Williams), legal philosophy (Frederick Schauer) and ethics and the philosophy of action (Claudia Blöser, R. Jay Wallace, Michael Quante and Katarzyna Paprzycka). The volume ends with an extensive bibliography (by Michael de Araujo Kurth).
2013-12-01 By Claudia Blöser

Routledge Studies in the Philosophy of Science 1. Cognition, Evolution and Rationality A Cognitive Science for the Twenty-First Century Edited by António Zilhão 2. Conceptual Systems Harold I. Brown 3. Nancy Cartwright's Philosophy of ...

Author: Stefano Gattei

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134182954

Category: Philosophy

Page: 154

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This book seeks to rectify misrepresentations of Popperian thought with a historical approach to Popper’s philosophy, an approach which applies his own mature view, that we gain knowledge through conjectures and refutations, to his own development, by portraying him in his intellectual growth as just such a series. Gattei seeks to reconstruct the logic of Popper’s development, in order to show how one problem and its tentative solution led to a new problem.
2008-10-16 By Stefano Gattei

Hilary Putnam, Contemporary Philosophy in Focus. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 188–202. Cartwright, Nancy (2005). 'No God; No Laws', in S. Moriggi and E. Sindoni (eds.) Dio, la Natura e la Legge. God and the Laws of Nature, ...

Author: James Robert Brown

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350108240

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

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From the 19th century the philosophy of science has been shaped by a group of influential figures. Who were they? Why do they matter? This introduction brings to life the most influential thinkers in the philosophy of science, uncovering how the field has developed over the last 200 years. Taking up the subject from the time when some philosophers began to think of themselves not just as philosophers but as philosophers of science, a team of leading contemporary philosophers explain, criticize and honour the giants. Now updated and revised throughout, the second edition includes: · Easy-to-follow overviews of pivotal thinkers including John Stuart Mill, Rudolf Carnap, Thomas Kuhn, Karl Popper, and many more · Coverage of central issues such as experience and necessity, logical empiricism, falsifiability, paradigms, the sociology of science, realism, and feminist critiques · An afterword looking ahead to emerging research trends · Study questions and further reading lists at the end of each chapter Philosophy of Science: The Key Thinkers demonstrates how the ideas and arguments of these figures laid the foundations of our understanding of modern science.
2021-07-15 By James Robert Brown

Routledge Studies in the Philosophy of Science 1 Evolution, Rationality and Cognition A Cognitive Science for the Twenty-First Century Edited by António Zilhão 2 Conceptual Systems Harold I. Brown 3 Nancy Cartwright's Philosophy of ...

Author: Léna Soler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317935353

Category: Philosophy

Page: 346

View: 484

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In the 1980s, philosophical, historical and social studies of science underwent a change which later evolved into a turn to practice. Analysts of science were asked to pay attention to scientific practices in meticulous detail and along multiple dimensions, including the material, social and psychological. Following this turn, the interest in scientific practices continued to increase and had an indelible influence in the various fields of science studies. No doubt, the practice turn changed our conceptions and approaches of science, but what did it really teach us? What does it mean to study scientific practices? What are the general lessons, implications, and new challenges? This volume explores questions about the practice turn using both case studies and theoretical analysis. The case studies examine empirical and mathematical sciences, including the engineering sciences. The volume promotes interactions between acknowledged experts from different, often thought of as conflicting, orientations. It presents contributions in conjunction with critical commentaries that put the theses and assumptions of the former in perspective. Overall, the book offers a unique and diverse range of perspectives on the meanings, methods, lessons, and challenges associated with the practice turn.
2014-03-21 By Léna Soler