Search Results for into-the-peatlands

In this book Robin A. Crawford explores the peatlands of Lewis.

Author: Robin A. Crawford

Publisher: Birlinn Ltd

ISBN: 9781788851404

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 245

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In this book Robin A. Crawford explores the peatlands of Lewis. He explains how they have come to be and also considers how peat has been used for millennia, principally as a fuel but also, amongst other things, as a key element in the whisky-making process. In describing the seasonal processes of cutting, drying, stacking, storing and burning, he reveals one of the key rhythms of island life, but his study goes well beyond this to include many other aspects, including the wildlife and folklore associated with these lonely, watery places. Widening his gaze to other peatlands in the country, he also reflects on the historical and cultural importance that peat has played, and continues to play, in the story of Scotland.
2018-09-06 By Robin A. Crawford

Integration of peatlands into land-use monitoring systems is central to the conservation of their carbon storage – be they conserved, degraded or restored.

Author: The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251322956

Category: Nature

Page: 100

View: 162

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Integration of peatlands into land-use monitoring systems is central to the conservation of their carbon storage – be they conserved, degraded or restored. Healthy peatlands mitigate climate change, enhance adaptive capacity and maintain ecosystem services and biodiversity. Albeit peatlands are starting to receive a high level of attention and the scientific basis for their monitoring has quickly developed over the last few years. Robust and practical approaches and tools for developing and integrating peatland-monitoring into national monitoring and reporting frameworks is an important opportunity for countries to limit global warming to 2 °C.

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 184. Carbon Cycling in Northern Peatlands examines the role that northern peatlands play in regulating the atmospheric carbon budget.

Author: Andrew J. Baird

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118671634

Category: Science

Page: 299

View: 297

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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 184. Carbon Cycling in Northern Peatlands examines the role that northern peatlands play in regulating the atmospheric carbon budget. It summarizes current research in four interconnected areas: large-scale peatland dynamics and carbon cycling; plant and microbial dynamics and their effect on carbon fluxes to the atmosphere; methane accumulation in, and loss from, peatlands; and water and dissolved carbon fluxes through peatlands. The volume highlights include A thorough assessment of the challenges involved in incorporating carbon cycling in northern peatlands into global climate models; A conceptual model to examine the partitioning of terminal carbon mineralization into production of CO2 and CH4; A comprehensive review of the evidence for the accumulation of methane in deep and shallow peat; and A description of the hydrologic changes induced by peat harvesting and associated challenges in restoring altered peatlands to their natural hydrologic regime. Carbon Cycling in Northern Peatlands will be of interest to research scientists and graduate and undergraduate students, particularly those who wish to know more about the role of peatlands in the global carbon cycle and their role as modifiers of climate.
2013-05-03 By Andrew J. Baird

Carbon Storage in Peatland Ecosystems S.P. Efremov , T.T. Efremova , and N.V.
Melentyeva Table 10.1 . ... This study is the first attempt to estimate the storage of
organic matter and carbon in peatlands for every administrative territory and ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OSU:32435068749266

Category: Forests and forestry

Page:

View: 594

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1980 By

Research centers and publications devoted primarily to agricultural research on
peatlands are noted . 17 references , 1 ... Trials on vegetable crop production
have been in progress at the Peatland Research Station , Lullymore since 1967.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105013133082

Category: Power resources

Page:

View: 631

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1985 By

As peat accumulated , generalization applies to climates that are much more a
flat or concave valley profile developed ... the northern tributary and Peats in the
Rocky Mountains can only be supported by springs across the peatland . nearly ...

Author: David Jonathan Cooper

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015086475095

Category: Rocky Mountain National Park (Colo.)

Page: 45

View: 506

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This report describes in detail the result of 1987-88 studies of hydrology, water chemistry, soils, and vegetation in the Big Meadows-Green Mountain Trail Pond wetland complex, which is at an elevation of 2,865 m in the Rocky Mountain National Park in north-central Colorado. Five water sources affect the complex and each water source somewhat differently structures the hydrological character, vegetation, and water chemistry of various portions of the wetland complex. Twelve plant communities that make up the wetland complex are described and characterized relative to hydrology, soils, and water chemistry measurements taken throughout the complex. The water table is highest in May and lowest in fall and early winter. The growing season usually lasts only 3 months (late May to late August), and water tables fluctuate drastically among years depending on the depth of the snowpack. Thus, plants and soils have developed under a hydrological regime involving large annual variability. Soil saturation during July seemingly is the critical variable for peat formation in the study area. Sites with a water table within 20-30 cm of the surface in July usually support peat soils. Oxidation-reduction potential measurements indicate that for any soil depth, the soils stay reduced for up to 3 weeks after a water table drop below that depth.

The International Peat Society IPS established a joint IPS Working Group on Peatlands and Climate Change in the end of the year 2005.

Author: Maria Strack

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105028502743

Category: Climatic changes

Page: 223

View: 440

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The International Peat Society IPS established a joint IPS Working Group on Peatlands and Climate Change in the end of the year 2005. The Working Group’s task was to compile information into a summary of available knowledge to help the IPS and other actors to understand the role of peatlands and peat within the current context of global climate change.
2008 By Maria Strack

The book provides a review and synthesis of boreal mire ecosystems including peat soil properties, mire hydrology, carbon and nutrient cycling, and classification of mire sites.

Author: Eero Paavilainen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540582525

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 248

View: 537

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The book provides a review and synthesis of boreal mire ecosystems including peat soil properties, mire hydrology, carbon and nutrient cycling, and classification of mire sites. The emphasis, however, is on peatland forests as a renewable natural resource. The approach originated in northern Europe, because there, especially in Finland, operational scale forest drainage has a long tradition based on research aiming to maintain and increase wood production on peatlands. Whenever relevant, a closer look is also given to other countries in Europe, Canada, and the USA. The results of recent studies on different environmental effects of peatland forestry are also discussed in detail.
1995-04-13 By Eero Paavilainen

2000). Even though winter snowmelt may recharge a wetland, it will remain at its
capacity for a shorter time in a warmer climate (Rouse 1998). ... The previously
mentioned model on the future changes in water levels in peatlands (Gong et al.

Author: Håkan Rydin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191508288

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 556

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Peatlands form important landscape elements in many parts of the world and play significant roles for biodiversity and global carbon balance. This new edition has been fully revised and updated, documenting the latest advances in areas such as microbial processes and relations between biological processes and hydrology. As well as thoroughly referencing the latest research, the authors expose a rich older literature where an immense repository of natural history has accumulated. The Biology of Peatlands starts with an overview of the main peatland types (marsh, swamp, fen, and bog), before examining the entire range of biota present (microbes, invertebrates, plants, and vertebrates), together with their specific adaptations to peatland habitats. Detailed coverage is devoted to the genus Sphagnum, the most important functional plant group in northern peatlands, although tropical and southern hemisphere peatlands are also covered. Throughout the book the interactions between organisms and environmental conditions (especially wetness, availability of oxygen, and pH) are emphasized, with chapters on the physical and chemical characteristics of peat, the role of peat as an archive of past vegetation and climate, and peatland succession and development. Several other key factors and processes are then examined, including hydrology and nutrient cycling. The fascinating peatland landforms in different parts of the world are described, together with theories on how they have developed. Human interactions with peatlands are considered in terms of management, conservation, and restoration. A final chapter, new to this edition, focuses on the role of peatlands as sources or sinks for the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide and methane, and the influences of climate change on peatlands. This timely and accessible text is suitable for students and researchers of peatland ecology, as well as providing an authoritative overview for professional ecologists and conservation biologists.
2013-07-18 By Håkan Rydin

A lot of information has been gained from the excavation of peatlands. This is
because of the extraordinary state of preservation of a very wide range of objects
found in peat. How does this come about? The anaerobic conditions (the lack of ...

Author: Irish Peatland Conservation Council

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924063884450

Category: Peat bogs

Page: 102

View: 756

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Northern hemisphere peatlands store approximately 455 Pg of organic carbon (C) and are an important component of the global C cycle, currently acting as sinks for atmospheric C, despite peatlands only covering 3% of the planet’s surface.

Author: Adel Alshehri

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1064680068

Category:

Page:

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2017 By Adel Alshehri

Silvicultural Considerations Although techniques to identify peatland suitability
for forestry purposes are helpful , the major factors associated with peatlands
forestry are the silvicultural considerations . These considerations can be broken
into ...

Author: Edwin Henry White

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D032760154

Category: Forest management

Page: 92

View: 930

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1 natural gas originated from peat deposits in previous geo• GHG Auxes in
peatlands have a spatial ( zonal , ecosyslogical periods . tem , site and intersite )
and temporal ( interannual , sea• Peat growth depends on a delicate balance ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822009634239

Category: Wetland conservation

Page:

View: 163

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2008 By

There was no basic reference work and no identification guide to support any
efforts at characterization of peat soils or to ... compiled over the years as our own
paleobotanical , ecological , and pedological research on peatlands progressed .

Author: P. E. M. Lévesque

Publisher: Agriculture Canada

ISBN: UOM:39015021504447

Category: Bryophytes, Fossil

Page: 65

View: 452

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Guide to assist prospectors, pedologists, and other potential users in identifying the plant remains and peat materials commonly encountered in Canadian peatlands. The guide lists the most representative peat materials found during the exploration of more than 50 organic deposits in Canada, particularly in eastern Canada, as well as macrofossil analyses for some 30 deposits. Macrofossil assemblages are grouped in terms of their initial association and are treated individually. A methodology is included, as well as a glossary and index to data illustrated in the guide.

Research in Europe shows that few oribatid species are restricted to peatlands;
most can be found in other wet habitats and some are widely distributed. The
species composition of oribatid communities varies among peatlands, but a
common ...

Author: Stephen A. Marshall

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D012750919

Category: Arthropoda

Page: 289

View: 766

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Young uranium deposits in peat , Finland : an orientation study peat deposits ,
and the location of feeders pouring minerogenic waters into the peat system . The
results show that copper tends to be enriched together with uranium in some of ...

Author: Olli Äikäs

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105016419710

Category: Peat

Page: 21

View: 187

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1994 By Olli Äikäs

The degree of site damage that occurs during forest harvesting on peatlands is
influenced by site type and harvesting method . On peatland sites , susoptibility to
damage during the frost - free season increases from the Ledum ( OG 11 ) to the
 ...

Author: Arthur Groot

Publisher: Sault Sainte Marie, Ont. : Great Lakes Forestry Centre

ISBN: MSU:31293011908294

Category:

Page: 20

View: 252

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The degree of site damage that occurs during forest harvesting on peatlands is influenced by site type and harvesting method. This report presents quantitative information on site dammage and slash amounts on peatland cutovers by harvesting machinery. Plots used were commercial, peatland black spruce-dominated forest of FEC operational groups 11 and 12 (Ledum and Alnus/herb-poor) which had an understory well stocked with black spruce advance growth, all of which were located within 80 km of Kapsukasing, Ontario. The study was carried on from 1982-1984.
1987 By Arthur Groot

New Strategy and Work Programme for the IPS A proposal to the Annual
Assembly and all IPS members Objectives and Tasks Research and
development : Objective : To promote research into peatlands , peat and their use
, including both ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951P01169504R

Category: Peat

Page:

View: 239

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2012 By

The Canada Department of Agriculture and the provincial agricultural
departments have sponsored research into specialty crop production on
peatlands in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia . In the Annapolis Valley of Nova
Scotia , where small ...

Author: International Peat Society. Canadian National Committee

Publisher: Canadian National Committee, International Peat Society

ISBN: CHI:39983834

Category: Natural areas

Page: 704

View: 374

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Ratcliffe ( 1964 ) considered the treeless nature of most Scottish peatland below
the tree limit to be unnatural . He suggested that regular burning and grazing
were maintaining this state , which had been caused by forest clearance , and
that ...

Author: Lucy Parkyn

Publisher: Cab International

ISBN: UOM:39015040664180

Category: Nature

Page: 500

View: 788

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Peatlands are a unique and fast-disappearing landscape. More and more countries are recognizing this situation and putting protective legislation into place. It is therefore important to understand all the processes and influences that are involved in sustaining the remaining examples of this fragile ecosystem. Addressing two key questions, why should peatlands be conserved and how should this conservation be achieved, this book brings together the leading workers in the area, whose contributions have been developed from the Peatlands Convention in Edinburgh. The book summarizes the current situation regarding peatlands and bogs and sets the agenda for their future survival. This work is important reading for all environmental scientists and practitioners working with peatlands and bogs. The book is also relevant to all government policy makers and voluntary bodies involved in sustaining biodiversity.
1997 By Lucy Parkyn

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