Search Results for evaluation-and-management-of-hospital-infections

importance are cases of nosocomial pneumonia on the medicine service and surgical wound infections, especially in patients with ... The emergence of infection surveillance and control programs in U.S. hospitals : An assessment, 1976.

Author: R. van Furth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400976573

Category: Medical

Page: 266

View: 606

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R. VANFURTH Infection is an inseparable part of communal life, and infections are more common and more severe in hospital communi ties because the sick are more easily infected than the healthy. However, even though progress in the medical sciences has meant that many more patients suftering from relatively severe diseases can be helped at present, the use of more sophisticated and complex treatment leads to impairment of the defence mechanisms in more patients than was the case ten to twenty years ago, and these patients are also more prone to develop an infection. Two questions are particularly relevant in this context. 1) Under what conditions do hospital infections occur? Defects of host defence mechanisms are of great importance in this respect. Such defects can be due to the disease or to the treatment given to the patient. 2) Which of the host defence mechanisms can be affected by a stay in the hospital? Among the factors involved in the host defence against infections (Table I), a number are especially important in this respect. For instance, venepuncture, indwelling catheters, and surgery all cause a breach in the surface structures. Anaesthesia causes temporary impairment of mechanical factors. Vascularization may be defective -- especial ly in the aged and patients with diabetes mellitus -- and this may complicate the healing of wounds in the skin and mucous membranes after surgery.
2012-12-06 By R. van Furth

Author: Ralph van Furth

Publisher:

ISBN: 9024723299

Category: Hospital buildings

Page: 266

View: 863

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1982 By Ralph van Furth

Evaluation of Ill Health Care Workers Hospital staff and volunteers with symptoms such as persistent fever, ... to the assessment and management of exposures of health care workers to patients with infectious diseases is critical for ...

Author: James Cherry

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780323392815

Category: Medical

Page: 3000

View: 575

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Offering unparalleled coverage of infectious diseases in children and adolescents, Feigin & Cherry’s Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases 8th Edition, continues to provide the information you need on epidemiology, public health, preventive medicine, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, and much more. This extensively revised edition by Drs. James Cherry, Gail J. Demmler-Harrison, Sheldon L. Kaplan, William J. Steinbach, and Peter J. Hotez, offers a brand-new full-color design, new color images, new guidelines, and new content, reflecting today’s more aggressive infectious and resistant strains as well as emerging and re-emerging diseases Features expanded information on infections in the compromised host; immunomodulating agents and their potential use in the treatment of infectious diseases; and Ebola virus. Contains hundreds of new color images throughout, as well as new guidelines, new resistance epidemiology, and new Global Health Milestones. Includes new chapters on Zika virus and Guillain-Barré syndrome.
2017-12-29 By James Cherry

This book focuses on the epidemiology, diagnosis and management of Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs) in children.

Author: J. Chase McNeil

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319981222

Category: Medical

Page: 351

View: 474

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With advances in technology and medical science, children with previously untreatable and often fatal conditions, such as congenital heart disease, extreme prematurity and pediatric malignancy, are living longer. While this is a tremendous achievement, pediatric providers are now more commonly facing challenges in these medical complex children both as a consequence of their underlying disease and the delivery of medical care. The term healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) encompass both infections that occur in the hospital and those that occur as a consequence of healthcare exposure and medical complexity in the outpatient setting. HAIs are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality for the individual patient as well as seriously taxing the healthcare system as a whole. In studies from the early 2000s, over 11% of all children in pediatric intensive care units develop HAIs and this figure increases substantially if neonatal intensive care units are considered. While progress has been made in decreasing the rates of HAI in the hospital, these infections remain a major burden on the medical system. In a study published in 2013, the annual estimated costs of the five most common HAIs in the United States totaled $9.8 billion. An estimated 648,000 patients developed HAIs in hospitals within the US in 2011 and children with healthcare-associated bloodstream infection have a greater than three-fold increased risk of death. While a number of texts discuss HAIs in the broader context of infectious diseases or pediatric infectious diseases (such as Mandell’s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases or Long and Pickering’s Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Diseases) no single text specifically focuses on the epidemiology, diagnosis and management of HAI in children. Many infectious diseases texts are organized based on the microbiology of infection and from this starting point then discussing the clinical syndromes associated with the organism of interest. For instance, a chapter on Staphylococcus aureus may contain a brief discussion of the role of S. aureus in surgical site infections in the wider context of all staphylococcal disease. For clinicians caring for children at the bedside, however, the clinical syndrome is typically appreciated and intervention necessary prior to organism identification. We propose a text that details both the general principles involved in HAIs and infection prevention but also provides a problem oriented approach. Such a text would be of interest to intensivists, neonatologists, hospitalists, oncologists, infection preventionists and infectious diseases specialists. The proposed text will be divided into three principle sections: 1) Basic Principles of Infection Control and Prevention, 2) Major Infectious Syndromes and 3) Infections in Vulnerable Hosts. Chapters in the Major Infectious Syndromes section will include discussion of the epidemiology, microbiology, clinical features, diagnosis, medical management (or surgical management as appropriate) and prevention of the disease entity of interest. Chapters will seek to be evidenced based as much as possible drawing from the published medical literature as well as from clinical practice guidelines (such as those from the Infectious Diseases Society of America) when applicable. We intend to include tables, figures and algorithms as appropriate to assist clinicians in the evaluation and management of these often complex patients. Finally, we intend to invite authors to participate in this project from across a number of medical specialties including infectious diseases, infection control, critical care, oncology and surgery to provide a multidisciplinary understanding of disease. It is our intent to have many chapters be co-written by individuals in different subspecialties; for instance, a chapter on ventilator-associated pneumonia may be co-written by both infectious disease and critical care medicine specialists. Such a unique text has the potential to provide important guidance for clinicians caring for these often fragile children.
2018-10-30 By J. Chase McNeil

The book starts with an overview of the core knowledge needed for medical decision-making. Evidence-based levels of decision support are also provided throughout the book to provide insight into diagnostic tests and treatment modalities.

Author: Leonard Feld

Publisher:

ISBN: 1610020766

Category: Communicable diseases in children

Page: 660

View: 170

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Confidently evaluate evidence-based information to make timely and accurate diagnoses and treatment decisions! Continuing with this volume, Succinct Pediatrics will be an ongoing series covering the entire scope of pediatric medicine. Each volume will include short chapters with key features and invaluable tables and algorithms, allowing health care professionals the opportunity to deliver the highest quality of care. The second volume features 58 topics with key points and detailed therapies in Infectious Diseases and Dermatological Disorders. The dermatology section covers pruritus, scabies, and numerous topics that generalists need to know. Topics include: * Infectious diseases. * Bacterial infections. * Fungal infections. * Dermatology. * Common infectious conditions. * Viral Infections.
2016-12 By Leonard Feld

Control and prevention of rubella : evaluation and management of suspected outbreaks , rubella in pregnant women , and surveillance for congenital rubella syndrome . MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2001 ; 50 ( RR - 12 ) : 1-23 . 137.

Author: John V. Bennett

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 0781763835

Category: Medical

Page: 856

View: 732

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The most influential reference in the field for nearly thirty years, Bennett and Brachman's Hospital Infections is in its thoroughly updated Fifth Edition. Written by internationally recognized experts—many affiliated with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention—the book is the most comprehensive, up-to-date, authoritative guide to the recognition, management, prevention, and control of infections in all types of healthcare facilities. More than half of this edition's chapters have new authors who are current experts in the field. Important new chapters cover patient safety, public reporting, controlling antimicrobial-resistant pathogens (especially MRSA and VRE), fungi, and healthcare-associated infections caused by newer treatments such as invasive cardiology. This edition has a new two-color design.
2007 By John V. Bennett

Evaluation and management of hospital infections / edited by Ralph van Furth . -- The Hague ; Boston : Nijhoff ; Hingham , MA : Distributors for the U.S. and Canada , Kluwer Boston , 1982. -- xii , 266 p . : ill .

Author: National Library of Medicine (U.S.)

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015074107650

Category: Medicine

Page:

View: 570

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First multi-year cumulation covers six years: 1965-70.

8305260 Euthanasia and clinical practice see Evaluation of growth hormone secretion see International Growth and ... and care of lumbar spine problems Evaluation and management of hospital infections / edited by Ralph van Furth .

Author: National Library of Medicine (U.S.)

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D00170007S

Category: Medicine

Page:

View: 786

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... Hollander JE, Quinn JV (1997) Evaluation and management of traumatic lacerations. New England Journal of Medicine, 337: 1142–1148. Tanner J, Woodings D, Moncaster K (2008) Preoperative hair removal to reduce surgical site infection.

Author: Carol Dealey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405195690

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 627

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The Care of Wounds addresses all aspects of holistic wound management. The fourth edition of this successful clinical text continues to reflect current research and evidence-based practice, while incorporating the considerable developments which have occurred in wound care practice since the previous edition. It includes chapters on the physiology of wound healing, general principles of wound management, wound management products, and the management of patients with both acute and chronic wounds. The title is an essential read for all nurses and healthcare professionals working in the field of tissue viability and wound healing. Comprehensive and clinically-oriented Examines best practice in wound management Incorporates national and international clinical guidelines where applicable Superbly illustrated with full colour throughout
2012-03-19 By Carol Dealey

Current Concepts in the Evaluation and Management of Bronchiolitis Kathryn E. Kyler, MD a, Russell J. McCulloh, MDb,c,* KEYWORDS Bronchiolitis Respiratory syncytial virus Viral infection Pediatrics Evaluation Management KEY POINTS ...

Author: Jason G. Newland

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780323581578

Category: Medical

Page:

View: 370

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The Guest Editors have compiled a comprehensive issue that addresses the current clinical diagnosis, treatment,and management of infections in children. Top authors in their field have written review articles on the following topics: Update on Varicella Zoster Virus in Children; Emerging Respiratory Viruses in Children; Bronchiolitis in Children; Antimicrobial resistance in pediatrics in Children; New updates in influenza vaccination in Children; Changing epidemiology of CAP in Children; Zika Virus in Children; Ebola Virus in Children; Infections in Children on biologics; New rapid diagnostics in Children; Infections in HSCT Children; Changing epidemiology of H. influenzae infections in Children; Norovirus in Children; PEP in children; Syphilis in Children; Encephalitis in Children; and Malaria in Children. Infectious disease physicians will have the most current and up-to-date best practice information in their field.
2018-02-09 By Jason G. Newland