Search Results for epidemiological-studies-a-practical-guide

Extensively revised, this new edition includes updates on case-crossover, Mendelian randomisation, and case-cohort.

Author: Alan J. Silman

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198814726

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 269

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To successfully conduct an epidemiological study, academic subject knowledge must be combined with careful consideration of the practical elements involved. From an academic perspective, insights into the basis of epidemiology, the concepts behind how we study diseases, and the challenges and limitations of the results that emerge are prioritised. However, the success of the academic analysis depends on how, when, and where the data used is collected. Epidemiological Studies: A Practical Guide focuses on the practical challenges of epidemiological data collection. Essential topics, such as how to choose the population to study, how to maximise participation and retention, and how to frame questions so that subjects provide the information required, are the core of the material presented. The book explains the skills needed to conduct a study where data is collected and presented accurately, and in appropriate formats. In addition to presenting a step-by-step guide to epidemiological investigations, the chapters in the book are accompanied by examples of how to phrase the letters and forms needed for each stage of conducting a study. Focusing on measurement, study designs, statistics, methodological issues, and key skills, the book provides a valuable background to epidemiological study. With detailed tables and figures, a clear chapter outline, and a straightforward index, the information presented is easily accessible and can quickly be applied to the reader's own work. Extensively revised, this new edition includes updates on case-crossover, Mendelian randomisation, and case-cohort. New chapters have been added to reflect the areas a student is now likely to encounter in an introductory epidemiological course, such as evidence synthesis, use of routine data, association or causation, feasibility, and pilot studies. Epidemiological Studies: A Practical Guide is ideal for students in epidemiology, public health, health research, and health services research. It is also highly relevant to post-graduate research students, and early stage clinical and non-clinical researchers.
2018-10-18 By Alan J. Silman

Extensively revised, this new edition includes updates on case-crossover, Mendelian randomisation, and case-cohort.

Author: Alan J. Silman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192546326

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 920

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To successfully conduct an epidemiological study, academic subject knowledge must be combined with careful consideration of the practical elements involved. From an academic perspective, insights into the basis of epidemiology, the concepts behind how we study diseases, and the challenges and limitations of the results that emerge are prioritised. However, the success of the academic analysis depends on how, when, and where the data used is collected. Epidemiological Studies: A Practical Guide focuses on the practical challenges of epidemiological data collection. Essential topics, such as how to choose the population to study, how to maximise participation and retention, and how to frame questions so that subjects provide the information required, are the core of the material presented. The book explains the skills needed to conduct a study where data is collected and presented accurately, and in appropriate formats. In addition to presenting a step-by-step guide to epidemiological investigations, the chapters in the book are accompanied by examples of how to phrase the letters and forms needed for each stage of conducting a study. Focusing on measurement, study designs, statistics, methodological issues, and key skills, the book provides a valuable background to epidemiological study. With detailed tables and figures, a clear chapter outline, and a straightforward index, the information presented is easily accessible and can quickly be applied to the reader's own work. Extensively revised, this new edition includes updates on case-crossover, Mendelian randomisation, and case-cohort. New chapters have been added to reflect the areas a student is now likely to encounter in an introductory epidemiological course, such as evidence synthesis, use of routine data, association or causation, feasibility, and pilot studies. Epidemiological Studies: A Practical Guide is ideal for students in epidemiology, public health, health research, and health services research. It is also highly relevant to post-graduate research students, and early stage clinical and non-clinical researchers.
2018-10-18 By Alan J. Silman

This is a practical, hands on guide to the design, planning, conduct, analysis and interpretation of epidemiological studies.

Author: Alan J. Silman

Publisher:

ISBN: 0191852430

Category: Epidemiology

Page:

View: 850

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2018 By Alan J. Silman

Epidemiological Studies: A Practical Guide was conceived as a practical handbook for those who wanted to conduct an epidemiological study and to provide the necessary toolkit from design to conduct and analysis of the results that ...

Author: Alan J. Silman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192546319

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 450

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To successfully conduct an epidemiological study, academic subject knowledge must be combined with careful consideration of the practical elements involved. From an academic perspective, insights into the basis of epidemiology, the concepts behind how we study diseases, and the challenges and limitations of the results that emerge are prioritised. However, the success of the academic analysis depends on how, when, and where the data used is collected. Epidemiological Studies: A Practical Guide focuses on the practical challenges of epidemiological data collection. Essential topics, such as how to choose the population to study, how to maximise participation and retention, and how to frame questions so that subjects provide the information required, are the core of the material presented. The book explains the skills needed to conduct a study where data is collected and presented accurately, and in appropriate formats. In addition to presenting a step-by-step guide to epidemiological investigations, the chapters in the book are accompanied by examples of how to phrase the letters and forms needed for each stage of conducting a study. Focusing on measurement, study designs, statistics, methodological issues, and key skills, the book provides a valuable background to epidemiological study. With detailed tables and figures, a clear chapter outline, and a straightforward index, the information presented is easily accessible and can quickly be applied to the reader's own work. Extensively revised, this new edition includes updates on case-crossover, Mendelian randomisation, and case-cohort. New chapters have been added to reflect the areas a student is now likely to encounter in an introductory epidemiological course, such as evidence synthesis, use of routine data, association or causation, feasibility, and pilot studies. Epidemiological Studies: A Practical Guide is ideal for students in epidemiology, public health, health research, and health services research. It is also highly relevant to post-graduate research students, and early stage clinical and non-clinical researchers.
2018-10-18 By Alan J. Silman

This textbook presents epidemiology in a practical manner, contextualized with discussions of theory and ethics, so that students and professionals from all academic backgrounds may develop a deep appreciation for how to conduct and ...

Author: Jan Van den Broeck

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400759893

Category: Medical

Page: 621

View: 195

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This textbook presents epidemiology in a practical manner, contextualized with discussions of theory and ethics, so that students and professionals from all academic backgrounds may develop a deep appreciation for how to conduct and interpret epidemiological research. Readers will develop skills to: -Search for and appraise literature critically, -Develop important research questions, -Design and implement studies to address those questions, -Perform and interpret fundamental statistical estimations and tests, -Consider the ethical implications of all stages of research, -Report findings in publications, and -Advocate for change in the public health setting. Epidemiology is and will remain a discipline in motion, and this textbook aims at reflecting this dynamism and keeping pace with its momentum. This textbook is not only a classroom tool with high utility but also an essential reference and guide for those engaging in research involving human subjects.
2013-04-22 By Jan Van den Broeck

This book discusses the most important techniques available for longitudinal data analysis, from simple techniques such as the paired t-test and summary statistics, to more sophisticated ones such as generalized estimating of equations and ...

Author: Jos W. R. Twisk

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107067608

Category: Medical

Page:

View: 648

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This book discusses the most important techniques available for longitudinal data analysis, from simple techniques such as the paired t-test and summary statistics, to more sophisticated ones such as generalized estimating of equations and mixed model analysis. A distinction is made between longitudinal analysis with continuous, dichotomous and categorical outcome variables. The emphasis of the discussion lies in the interpretation and comparison of the results of the different techniques. The second edition includes new chapters on the role of the time variable and presents new features of longitudinal data analysis. Explanations have been clarified where necessary and several chapters have been completely rewritten. The analysis of data from experimental studies and the problem of missing data in longitudinal studies are discussed. Finally, an extensive overview and comparison of different software packages is provided. This practical guide is essential for non-statisticians and researchers working with longitudinal data from epidemiological and clinical studies.
2013-05-09 By Jos W. R. Twisk

Population-based epidemiological studies are needed for reliable assessment of lifestyle, biochemical and genetic determinants for NCDs, and for assessing prognosis and clustering of NCDs. Moreover, analysis of genetic variants for ...

Author: Zhengming Chen

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811576669

Category: Medical

Page: 202

View: 614

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This book describes some of the key epidemiological principles, scientific approaches and quality assurance frameworks required to design and conduct biobank studies in various settings. Using examples from contemporary biobanks, the book addresses the design features and practical procedures needed in order to launch and manage biobank studies, including consent and regulatory approval, the organisation of field work, management of data and biological samples, follow-up and verification of disease outcomes, development of IT systems for data collection, quality assurance and study management. Over the last two decades, several large biobank studies have been initiated in different populations, intended to greatly enhance the development of precision medicine. Contemporary biobank studies are extremely large and complex, and involve several decades of follow-up. Such studies pose major challenges in terms of ensuring rapid recruitment, obtaining high-quality data, minimising loss to follow-up, reliably classifying disease outcomes, and optimising the use of the biological samples collected. In this regard, the key to success lies not in planning the perfect study, but in planning the most appropriate, reliable, sustainable and future-proof study given the practical constraints of available resources, time and capacity. The authors of this handbook are epidemiologists, clinicians, software engineers, and laboratory and data scientists with extensive experience in conducting large biobank studies. The eight chapters can be read separately or together, and provide readers with essential information on how to design, implement and manage these studies. The state-of-the-art, innovative and scalable approaches and methodologies presented here are intended to stimulate the development of further population-based and hospital-based biobank studies in diverse populations.
2020-12-09 By Zhengming Chen

The Practical Guide to Clinical Research and Publication provides a comprehensive overview of the key foundations of epidemiology, statistics and epidemiological studies.

Author: Uzung Yoon

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128245187

Category: Medical

Page: 222

View: 755

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The Practical Guide to Clinical Research and Publication provides a comprehensive overview of the key foundations of epidemiology, statistics and epidemiological studies. This book presents the most important terms and knowledge in the field from a medical point-of-view. Sections contain numerous, clinically-oriented examples and drawings to facilitate understanding and clarify the relation to clinic and practice. The book contains many graphics and key points for easier understanding and is written using bullet points for ease of use and comprehension. It is ideal for physicians and clinical researchers who want to use it as guidance for clinical research or teaching. Contains numerous, clinically-oriented examples and drawings Provides an explanation of epidemiology and statistics to aid understanding of clinical research Written by a physician with extensive knowledge in research
2021-08-03 By Uzung Yoon

Epidemiological Studies: A Practical Guide. Cambridge University Press. Second Edition (2002). 2. Rothman KJ. Epidemiology: An Introduction. Oxford University Press. First Edition (2002). 3. Barker DJP, Rose G. Epidemiology in Medical ...

Author: Allan Hackshaw

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118526972

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 201

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A Concise Guide to Observational Studies in Healthcare provides busy healthcare professionals with an easy-to-read introduction and overview to conducting, analysing and assessing observational studies.It is a suitable introduction for anyone without prior knowledge of study design, analysis or conduct as the important concepts are presented throughout the text. It provides an overview to the features of design, analyses and conduct of observational studies, without using mathematical formulae, or complex statistics or terminology and is a useful guide for researchers conducting their own studies, those who participate in studies co-ordinated by others, or who read or review a published report of an observational study. Examples are based on clinical features of people, biomarkers, lifestyle habits and environmental exposures, and evaluating quality of care.
2014-12-30 By Allan Hackshaw

Several types of studies are used in toxicity testing to define potential carcinogenic and noncarcinogenic effects. 2. Epidemiological Studies Epidemiological studies define distribution and occurrence of disease in a human population.

Author: Sally L. Benjamin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000687552

Category: Law

Page: 680

View: 916

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A Practical Guide to Understanding, Managing and Reviewing Environmental Risk Assessment Reports provides team leaders and team members with a strategy for developing the elements of risk assessment into a readable and beneficial report. The authors believe that successful management of the risk assessment team is a key factor is quality repor
2001-02-21 By Sally L. Benjamin

Silman AJ & Macfarlane GJ (2002) Epidemiological Studies: A Practical Guide. Cambridge University Press. (Described very aptly by its title, as “it explains the principles and practice of epidemiology and serves as a handbook for those ...

Author: Mehmet Tevfik Dorak

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 9781351806435

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 224

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Genetic Association Studies is designed for students of public health, epidemiology, and the health sciecnes, covering the main principles of molecular genetics, population genetics, medical genetics, epidemiology and statistics. It presents a balanced view of genetic associations with coverage of candidate gene studies as well as genome-wide association studies. All aspects of a genetic association study are included, from the lab to analysis and interpretation of results, but also bioinformatics approaches to causality assessment. The role of the environment in genetic disease is also highlighted. Genetic Association Studies will enable readers to understand and critique genetic association studies and set them on the way to designing, executing, analyzing, interpreting, and reporting their own.
2016-09-28 By Mehmet Tevfik Dorak

SCIENTIFIC BIAS While it is generally agreed that epidemiological studies generate the type of data most directly relevant to occupational exposures, such studies also include (as does any study) inherent biases that can limit their ...

Author: Paul A. Erickson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008053936X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 282

View: 366

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Written with corporate regulatory compliance officers, health and safety managers, loss control managers, and human resource specialists in mind, this book offers workplace-tested strategies for meeting the health and safety needs of a modern corporation. Emphasizing the practical means of achieving compliance with OSHA regulations, this book also provides a unique assessment of the more extensive factors that influence the management of workplace health and safety. The integration of practical regulation strategies with corporate objectives is particularly relevant to graduate curricula in business management, public policy, and occupational medicine. Provides practical guidelines for industrial compliance with major OSHA regulations Presents concise explanations of technical and scientific concepts underlying regulatory requirements Integrates specific examples of the global economy's influence on the design and implementation of workplace health and safety Elucidates the effects of health and safety programs on financial and legal risk management practices in industry Includes explanations of practical alternative compliance strategies for company health and safety officers
1996-07-27 By Paul A. Erickson

(1995) Cardiovascular risk factor changes in the Kilkenny Health Project. A community health promotion programme. European Heart Journal 16 (6), 752—60. Silman AJ (2002) Epidemiological Studies:A Practical Guide, 2nd edn.

Author: John Yarnell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199660537

Category: Medical

Page: 438

View: 632

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This second edition of Epidemiology and Disease Prevention summarizes the natural history of the major disease groups, explaining and applying core epidemiological principles and practices with the help of case studies, questions, and references to the most important sources of information in the field.
2013-05-23 By John Yarnell

... examples from epidemiological studies. silman AJ (2002) Epidemiological Studies: A practical guide (2nd ed). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Contains a useful section on the design and application of epidemiological studies, ...

Author: Geraint H Lewis

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781853157813

Category: Medical

Page: 616

View: 866

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Mastering Public Health is an essential study aid for all those preparing for postgraduate exmainations in public health, and a definitive guide for the MFPH examination. The book covers the five key areas of public health knowledge: Research methods; Disease prevention and health promotion; Health information; Sociology, policy and health economics; and Organisation and management of health care. It is structured to follow the entire MFPH Part A exam syllabus, with appendices on revision strategies, exam technique and essay frameworks. Written in conjunction with an international team of editors, Mastering Public Health is aimed at public health practitioners who are training or re-validating in the UK and worldwide. Its concise format also serves as a quick reference text for the specialty. 'I am confident that this will rapidly become required reading for all those taking the Faculty's exams, as well as for those undertaking training in public health in many other countries.' Professor Martin McKee, CBE
2008-07-31 By Geraint H Lewis

User's Guides to the Medical Literature. Chicago: American Medical Association, 2002. ... Pocock, S.J. Clinical Trials: A Practical Approach. ... Silman, A.J. and MacFarlane, G.J. Epidemiological Studies: A Practical Guide, 2nd edn.

Author: Allan Hackshaw

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405124966

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 109

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This introduction to Evidence-Based Dentistry provides a much-needed orientation in the subject for students and professionals alike. It is a ground-level book for those seeking to understand evidence-based dentistry and its significance for clinical practice. The book is anchored in the dental literature: the majority of the chapters offer guidance on interpreting a full published paper; where both the subject of the paper and the study design is of relevance to the field of dentistry. Each chapter is organised in a similar way, providing a structured approach to reading and understanding research articles or commercial product information. In this respect, Evidence-Based Dentistry is designed as an introduction to understanding published research and its implications for the dental surgery; rather than as a guide on undertaking research. * Incorporates topical published papers in order to rpovide worked examples * Explains the most6 common forms of research used in dentistry * Unlocks basic statistical and epidemiological concepts, along with key terms * Enables the reader to identify the research question, assess aspects of study design, evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of papers and understand their clinical relevance * Tables, boxes and figures are used extensively to present core information. Useful templates are also provided, which readers may use/adapt for analysis, including study clubs.
2006-09-29 By Allan Hackshaw

Elwood , M. ( 1988 ) Causal Relationships in Medicine : A Practical System for Critical Appraisal . ... Oxford : Oxford University Press , Silman , A. ( 1995 ) Epidemiological Studies : A Practical Guide .

Author: Graham Moon

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 9780335232369

Category: Medical

Page: 190

View: 816

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This accessible and clearly-structured book offers a comprehensive insight into the methods and principles of epidemiological study alongside an analysis of the broad context in which epidemiological work is undertaken. Chapters on sources of epidemiological data, on epidemiological study designs and on basic statistical measures for epidemiological studies are used to introduce the reader to the traditional underpinnings of epidemiological work. Attention then shifts to a wider canvas. Consideration is given to the critical reading of epidemiological research both as a way of demonstrating how different aspects of epidemiological study come together in published work and as the basis for a discussion of the centrality of epidemiological research in the development of evidence-based health care. The key facets of evidence-based health care are assessed. A more discursive and critical assessment of epidemiology is also presented in which attention is drawn to the need to develop alternative epidemiologies which draw on lay knowledge and recognise the socio-political context of factors influencing health status. The book concludes with a description of the everyday practice of epidemiology in a UK health authority context.
2000-08-16 By Graham Moon

Epidemiological Studies: A Practical Guide (2nd edn). Cambridge: Cambridge Probability or risk or incidence rate (Ie) of disease in. BOX 3.1 OBSERVATIONAL STUDIES b) Retrospective ?Exposed Disease (Case) case–control ?

Author: John Yarnell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198530145

Category: Medical

Page: 292

View: 740

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This book takes a unique systems-based approach, allowing students to visualise the overall systemic effects of the disease process in its entirety.
2007 By John Yarnell

2.41.10 Silman, A.J. & Macfarlane, G.J. (2002) Epidemiological studies: a practical guide (2nd edition). ... 2.41.11 University of Texas Field epidemiology Internet resources www.sph.uth.tmc.edu:8054/ library/ph2615.htm (Accessed ...

Author: Cynthia Clamp

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781847877369

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 403

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'The 4th edition of this extensive text is an outstanding resource prepared by nurses (and a librarian) for nurses. In a structured and helpful style it presents thousands of items from the literature - published papers, reports, books and electronic resources - as a clear, accessible, and most of all useful collection. The efforts to signpost and lead the reader to the sought-for information are effective and well-conceived, and the "How to use this book" section is remarkably simple...the book should be found in every nursing and health library, every research institute and centre, and close to many career researchers' desks' - RCN Research This latest edition of Resources for Nursing Research provides a comprehensive bibliography of sources on nursing research, and includes references for books, journal papers and Internet resources. Designed to act as a 'signpost' to available literature in the area, this Fourth Edition covers the disciplines of nursing, health care and the social sciences. Entries are concise, informative and accessible, and are arranged under three main sections: · 'Sources of Literature' covers the process of literature searching, including using libraries and other tools for accessing literature · 'Methods of Inquiry' includes an introduction to research, how to conceptualize and design nursing and health research, measurement and data collection, and the interpretation and presentation of data · 'The Background to Research in Nursing' encompasses the development of nursing research; the profession's responsibilities; the role of government; funding; research roles and careers; and education for research. Fully revised and updated, the Fourth Edition includes just under 3000 entries, of which 90% are new. It has extensive coverage of US, UK literature and other international resources. This new edition will be an essential guide for all those with an interest in nursing research, including students, teachers, librarians, practitioners and researchers.
2005-01-11 By Cynthia Clamp

International Journal of Epidemiology, 2:407–13. Silman, A.J. and MacFarlane, G.J. (2002) Epidemiological Studies: A Practical Guide (2nd edn). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Simpson, J. M. (1995) Teaching statistics to ...

Author: Jørn Olsen

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191508011

Category: Medical

Page: 544

View: 160

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Teaching epidemiology requires skill and knowledge, combined with a clear teaching strategy and good pedagogic skills. The general advice is simple: if you are not an expert on a topic, try to enrich your background knowledge before you start teaching. The new edition of Teaching Epidemiology helps you to do this and, by providing world-expert teachers' advice on how best to structure teaching, providing a unique insight into what has worked in their hands. This book will help you to tailor your own epidemiology teaching programme. The fourth edition of this established text has been fully revised and updated, drawing on new research findings and recently developed methods including research technologies in genetic epidemiology and method development in relation to causal analysis. Analytical tools provide teachers in the field with the skills to guide students at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Each chapter in Teaching Epidemiology comprises key concepts in epidemiology, subject specific methodologies, and disease specific issues, to provide expert assistance in the teaching of a wide range of epidemiology courses.
2015-03-26 By Jørn Olsen

Silman, A.J. and Macfarlane, G.J. (2002) Epidemiological Studies: A Practical Guide, 2nd edn (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). This book serves as a valuable introduction for those training in epidemiology and public health, ...

Author: Joanne Neale

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 9781137153388

Category: Medical

Page: 336

View: 137

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This accessible and clearly structured book, written by experienced researchers and practitioners, provides a one-stop introduction to the most common qualitative, quantitative and desk-based research designs and methods in health and social care.
2008-11-12 By Joanne Neale