Search Results for defining-right-and-wrong-in-brain-science

This groundbreaking volume collects the expert and authoritative writings published since then that have laid the groundwork for this rapidly expanding debate.

Author: Walter Glannon

Publisher:

ISBN: 1932594256

Category: Medical

Page: 405

View: 835

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Where is the line between instinct and free will in humans? How far can technology and medicine go to manipulate the brain? With every new discovery about the human mind, more and more questions emerge about the boundaries of consciousness, responsibility, and how far neuroscience research can go. The fledgling field of neuroethics has sought answers to these questions since the first formal neuroethics conference was held in 2002. This groundbreaking volume collects the expert and authoritative writings published since then that have laid the groundwork for this rapidly expanding debate. Defining Right and Wrong in Brain Science traverses the breadth of neuroethics, exploring six broad areas—including free will, moral responsibility, and legal responsibility; psychopharmacology; and brain injury and brain death—in thirty provocative articles. The scientific and ethical consequences of neuroscience research and technology are plumbed by leading thinkers and scientists, from Antonio Damasio’s “The Neural Basics of Social Behavior: Ethical Implications” to “Monitoring and Manipulating Brain Function” by Martha J. Farah and Paul Root Wolpe. These and other in-depth chapters articulate the thought-provoking questions that emerge with every new scientific discovery and propose solutions that mediate between the freedom of scientific endeavor and the boundaries of ethical responsibility. As science races toward a future that is marked by startling new possibilities for our bodies and minds, Defining Right and Wrong in Brain Science is the definitive assessment of the ethical criteria guiding neuroscientists today.
2007 By Walter Glannon

In Defining Right and Wrong in Brain Science, ed. W. Gannon, 302–318. New York: Dana Press. Council for International Organizations of Medical Science (CIOMS). 2002. International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving ...

Author: James Giordano

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439826287

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 601

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New technologies that allow us to investigate mechanisms and functions of the brain have shown considerable promise in treating brain disease and injury. These emerging technologies also provide a means to assess and manipulate human consciousness, cognitions, emotions, and behaviors, bringing with them the potential to transform society. Neurotechnology: Premises, Potential, and Problems explores the technical, moral, legal, and sociopolitical issues that arise in and from today’s applications of neuroscience and technology and discusses their implications for the future. Some of the issues raised in this thought-provoking volume include: Neurotechnology in education: an enablement, a treatment, or an enhancement? The potential and limitations of neuroimaging technology in determining patient prognoses Tissue implantation technology as a way of engendering personalized medicine Neuroprostheses: restoration of functions of the disabled vs. enhancement to transhuman capabilities Deep brain stimulation and its use in restoring, preserving, or changing patients’ personal identity The benefit and risk of cognitive performance tools Cyborg technology and its potential to change our vision of humanity Methodologies for reducing the risk of neurotechnology’s impact on ethical, legal, and social issues With contributions from an international group of experts working on the cutting edge of neurotechnology, this volume lays the groundwork to appreciate the ethical, legal, and social aspects of the science in ways that keep pace with this rapidly progressing field.
2012-04-26 By James Giordano

The cognitive correlates of white matter abnormalities in normal aging: a quantitative review . ... Insights into the ageing mind: A view from cognitive neuroscience . ... Defining Right and Wrong in Brain Science .

Author: Judy Illes

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191620911

Category: Medical

Page: 976

View: 834

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The past two decades have seen unparalleled developments in our knowledge of the brain and mind. However, these advances have forced us to confront head-on some significant ethical issues regarding our application of this information in the real world- whether using brain images to establish guilt within a court of law, or developing drugs to enhance cognition. Historically, any consideration of the ethical, legal, and social implications of emerging technologies in science and medicine has lagged behind the discovery of the technology itself. These delays have caused problems in the acceptability and potential applications of biomedical advances and posed significant problems for the scientific community and the public alike - for example in the case of genetic screening and human cloning. The field of Neuroethics aims to proactively anticipate ethical, legal and social issues at the intersection of neuroscience and ethics, raising questions about what the brain tells us about ourselves, whether the information is what people want or ought to know, and how best to communicate it. A landmark in the academic literature, the Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics presents a pioneering review of a topic central to the sciences and humanities. It presents a range of chapters considering key issues, discussion, and debate at the intersection of brain and ethics. The handbook contains more than 50 chapters by leaders from around the world and a broad range of sectors of academia and clinical practice spanning the neurosciences, medical sciences and humanities and law. The book focuses on and provides a platform for dialogue of what neuroscience can do, what we might expect neuroscience will do, and what neuroscience ought to do. The major themes include: consciousness and intention; responsibility and determinism; mind and body; neurotechnology; ageing and dementia; law and public policy; and science, society and international perspectives. Tackling some of the most significant ethical issues that face us now and will continue to do so over the coming decades, The Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics will be an essential resource for the field of neuroethics for graduate students and postdoctoral fellows, basic scientists in the neurosciences and psychology, scholars in humanities and law, as well as physicians practising in the areas of primary care in neurological medicine.
2011-04-07 By Judy Illes

Writers have applied brain research to the field of ethics. In 2007, Walter Gannon edited a book of essays entitled Defining Right and Wrong in Brain Science: Essential Readings in Neuroethics. An overarching goal of the text is to ...

Author: William R. Yount

Publisher: B&H Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780805447279

Category: Education

Page: 644

View: 499

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Revised and expanded second edition of William R. Yount's book showing teachers how to organize and adapt classroom instruction to fit the learning styles of their students.
2010-07-01 By William R. Yount

Social, legal, and ethical implications of cognitive neuroscience: “Neuroethics” for short. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 19(3), 363–364. ... Defining right and wrong in brain science: Essential readings in neuroethics.

Author: Tracey Tokuhama-Espinosa

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393706819

Category: Education

Page: 464

View: 758

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Establishing the parameters and goals of the new field of mind, brain, and education science. A groundbreaking work, Mind, Brain, and Education Science explains the new transdisciplinary academic field that has grown out of the intersection of neuroscience, education, and psychology. The trend in “brain-based teaching” has been growing for the past twenty years and has exploded in the past five to become the most authoritative pedagogy for best learning results. Aimed at teachers, teacher trainers and policy makers, and anyone interested in the future of education in America and beyond, Mind, Brain, and Education Science responds to the clamor for help in identifying what information could and should apply in classrooms with confidence, and what information is simply commercial hype. Combining an exhaustive review of the literature, as well as interviews with over twenty thought leaders in the field from six different countries, this book describes the birth and future of this new and groundbreaking discipline. Mind, Brain, and Education Science looks at the foundations, standards, and history of the field, outlining the ways that new information should be judged. Well-established information is elegantly separated from “neuromyths” to help teachers split the wheat from the chaff in classroom planning, instruction and teaching methodology.
2010-12-20 By Tracey Tokuhama-Espinosa

Neuroscience and the law: Brain, mind, and the scales of justice. New York: Dana Foundation Press. Gazzaniga, M. S. (2005). The ethical brain: The science of our moral dilemmas. ... Defining right and wrong in brain science.

Author: J.D. SunWolf, Ph.D

Publisher: LexisNexis

ISBN: 9780769883236

Category: Law

Page:

View: 911

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A wide variety of moral compasses is sitting in every jury box! Jurors bring their religions and spiritual beliefs with them to court and rely upon personal moral compasses during deliberations. Every trial, civil or criminal, can become a battle of good and evil in the minds of the jurors, yet trial advocacy books have ignored this dynamic. This eBook invites trial practitioners, attorneys, judges, and consultants to engage in new thinking about how jurors' moral compasses affect trial outcomes. Dr. SunWolf was a long-time trial and appellate attorney, now an award-winning social scientist and university professor, who takes the reader into the latest research about the psychology of good and evil and our believing brain--then points to specific ways every juror's religious thinking impacts a verdict, including: • The Neuroscience of Fair Play • The Social Psychology of Good and Evil • The God Gene and the Biology of Belief • The Science of Moral Dilemmas • Questionnaire Items that Uncover a Juror's Moral Compass • Voir Dire Questions and Conversations about the Jury Pool's Religious Thinking • Trial Tools and Motions that Take a Juror's God-Thinking Into Account • Pre-Trial Investigations that Reveal a Community's Religious Landscape As trial practitioners, our job must deal with the variety of moral belief systems jurors are bringing to our courtrooms, in a manner that moves us towards fairer trials and more just verdicts.
2013-11-13 By J.D. SunWolf, Ph.D

Fins J. Rights come to mind: brain injury, ethics, and the struggle for consciousness. New York: Cambridge University ... Farah M. The ethical, legal and societal impact of neuroscience. ... Defining right and wrong in brain science.

Author: Agustín Ibáñez

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319684215

Category: Psychology

Page: 546

View: 503

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This book seeks to build bridges between neuroscience and social science empirical researchers and theorists working around the world, integrating perspectives from both fields, separating real from spurious divides between them and delineating new challenges for future investigation. Since its inception in the early 2000s, multilevel social neuroscience has dramatically reshaped our understanding of the affective and cultural dimensions of neurocognition. Thanks to its explanatory pluralism, this field has moved beyond long standing dichotomies and reductionisms, offering a neurobiological perspective on topics classically monopolized by non-scientific traditions, such as consciousness, subjectivity, and intersubjectivity. Moreover, it has forged new paths for dialogue with disciplines which directly address societal dynamics, such as economics, law, education, public policy making and sociology. At the same time, beyond internal changes in the field of neuroscience, new problems emerge in the dialogue with other disciplines. Neuroscience and Social Science – The Missing Link puts together contributions by experts interested in the convergences, divergences, and controversies across these fields. The volume presents empirical studies on the interplay between relevant levels of inquiry (neural, psychological, social), chapters rooted in specific scholarly traditions (neuroscience, sociology, philosophy of science, public policy making), as well as proposals of new theoretical foundations to enhance the rapprochement in question. By putting neuroscientists and social scientists face to face, the book promotes new reflections on this much needed marriage while opening opportunities for social neuroscience to plunge from the laboratory into the core of social life. This transdisciplinary approach makes Neuroscience and Social Science – The Missing Link an important resource for students, teachers, and researchers interested in the social dimension of human mind working in different fields, such as social neuroscience, social sciences, cognitive science, psychology, behavioral science, linguistics, and philosophy.
2017-11-02 By Agustín Ibáñez

2: The cognitive science of morality: Intuition and ... Defining right and wrong in brain science: Essential readings in neuroethics. ... 3, The neuroscience of morality: Emotions, brain dis— orders, and development (pp. 35-79).

Author: Darcia Narvaez

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521895071

Category: Psychology

Page: 456

View: 890

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This edited volume features cutting-edge work in moral psychology by pre-eminent scholars in moral self-identity, moral character, and moral personality.
2009-06-29 By Darcia Narvaez

How the science of bio enhancement is transforming our world, and how we need to deal with it Michael Bess ... Defining Right and Wrong in Brain Science: Essential Readings in Neuroethics. New York: Dana, 2007. Hawkins, Jeff.

Author: Michael Bess

Publisher: Icon Books

ISBN: 9781785781025

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 999

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Biomedical research is changing the both the format and the functions of human beings. Very soon the human race will be faced with a choice: do we join in with the enhancement or not? Make Way for the Superhumans looks at how far this technology has come and what aims and ambitions it has. From robotic implants that restore sight to the blind, to performance enhancing drugs that build muscles, improve concentration, and maintain erections, bio-enhancement has already made massive advances. Humans have already developed the technology to transmit thoughts and actions brain-to-brain using only a computer interface. By the time our grandchildren are born, they will be presented with the option to significantly alter and redesign their bodies. Make Way for the Superhumans is the only book that poses the questions that need answering now: suggesting real, practical ways of dealing with this technology before it reaches a point where it can no longer be controlled.
2016-07-07 By Michael Bess

Science and poetry. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Morse, S.J. (2007). New neuroscience, old problems: Legal implications of brain science. In W. Glannon (Ed.), Defining right and wrong in brain science (pp. 195–205).

Author: Tzu-Wei Hung

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128046234

Category: Psychology

Page: 298

View: 151

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Rationality: Contexts and Constraints is an interdisciplinary reappraisal of the nature of rationality. In method, it is pluralistic, drawing upon the analytic approaches of philosophy, linguistics, neuroscience, and more. These methods guide exploration of the intersection between traditional scholarship and cutting-edge philosophical or scientific research. In this way, the book contributes to development of a suitably revised, comprehensive understanding of rationality, one that befits the 21st century, one that is adequately informed by recent investigations of science, pathology, non-human thought, emotion, and even enigmatic Chinese texts that might previously have seemed to be expressions of irrationalism. Addresses recent challenges and Identifies a direction for future research on rationality Investigates the relationship between rationality and mental disorders, such as delusion and depression Assesses reasoning in artificial intelligence and nonhuman animals Reflects on ancient Chinese Philosophy and possible cultural differences in human psychology Employs philosophical reflection, along with linguistic, probabilistic, and logical techniques
2016-09-02 By Tzu-Wei Hung