Search Results for conflict-and-cooperation

8 Conclusions on Christian - Muslim - Cooperation in a Context of Conflict In a country where there is obvious historical and contemporary sectarian tension and conflict , cooperation can exist as a modicum of interaction between the ...

Author: Peter E. Makari

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 0815631448

Category: History

Page: 260

View: 907

Egypt is considered the intellectual birthplace of the modern Islamic movements, and is a center of Islamic thought and culture. It is also home to one of the oldest Christian populations in the world. While conflict between these two communities is often the focus of media attention in the region, important efforts to advocate for and support positive inter-communal relations are finding a degree of success. In this book, Peter Makari considers the role of governmental and non-governmental actors in conflict resolution and the promotion of positive Christian-Muslim relations in Egypt. He maintains that, prevailing opinions notwithstanding, the last quarter-century has witnessed a high level of inter-religious cooperation and tolerance. Relying heavily on Arabic sources, Makari examines the rhetoric and actions of official governmental and religious institutions. Combining empirical research with an informed theoretical perspective, this work offers a perspective seldom available to the English reader on questions of tolerance, citizenship, and civil society in this part of the Arab world.
2007-11-07 By Peter E. Makari


Author: Richard E. Just

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461556497

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 432

View: 695

This book demonstrates what the discipline of economics has to offer as support for analyzing cooperation on management of trans-boundary water resources. It also considers what the discipline of economics has to acquire to become a more effective contributor to trans-boundary water resource management given political, legal, social, physical, scientific, and ecological realities. This book has its genesis in a symposium of the International Water and Resource Economics Consortium held at Annapolis, Maryland, April 13-16, 1997. The symposium was organized by the editors and the book contains papers presented at the symposium with subsequent revisions. The symposium brought together both economists and agency management personnel for the purpose of discussing not only how economic tools apply to trans-boundary water management, but also of identifying the obstacles to making such tools useful and informative to politicians and negotiators in public decision making roles. INTERNATIONAL VERSUS DOMESTIC TRANS-BOUNDARY PROBLEMS Trans-boundary water problems arise in many dimensions. The two most important types of problems emphasized in this book are international and domestic interstate or interregional problems. Cooperation on international problems is especially difficult because enforcement must be voluntary given the sovereignty of nations and the absence of an effective legal enforcement mechanism. Agreements must be sustainable and self-enforced if they are to have lasting benefits. Every negotiating country must be convinced it will receive benefits before it gives its consent to cooperation. In the absence of enforceable agreements, trans-boundary (i. e.
2012-12-06 By Richard E. Just

Produced by the Policy Research Dissemination Center CONFLICT AND COOPERATION TNMANAGING INTERNATIONAL WATER RESOURCES ... When such boundaries lie within a federal state, conflicts may be peacefully and effiriendy resolved under law, ...

Author: Scott Barrett

Publisher: World Bank Publications


Category: Derechos sobre las aguas

Page: 35

View: 529

1994 By Scott Barrett

I think a case can be made for calling the field “Environment, Conflict, and Cooperation” or EC2. This is a fairly clean “marriage” between the main issues of concern in the field. If nothing else, a new name provides a blank slate for ...

Author: James R. Lee

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351139236

Category: Nature

Page: 234

View: 561

Environmental Conflict and Cooperation explores the evolution of environmental conflict as a field of research and the study of cooperation as an alternative to war. Over four key parts, James R. Lee navigates the contours of this growing field and paints a vivid framework for better understanding issues around environmental conflict and security: • The premise of the field and its historic manifestations • The definition and purpose of research • The persuasions or types of environmental conflict and cooperation • The promise of research in leading to better decision-making and to broaching new challenges. Over the course of these parts, the author outlines the deep historic record of this discipline, arguing that it will play a key role in understanding important future trends. Utilizing a wide variety of case studies that range from ancient examples, including conflict over the Cedars of Lebanon and the role of tin in the Peloponnesian Wars, to future-oriented scenarios, including expanded island-building in the South China Sea and the global politics of geo-engineering, Lee highlights key concepts, metrics, and policy contexts that will test current understandings. He also examines a variety of research methods and provides examples of the ways in which such research can be used to inform policy improvements. This book will draw specific interest from students and scholars of environmental conflict and cooperation, as well as researchers of environmental politics and security studies.
2019-06-12 By James R. Lee

The transition from conflict to cooperation involves adaptation toward common positions and mutually beneficial actions that stabilize interactions. Whether this transition is successful depends on the capacity of conflicting parties to ...

Author: Todd K. BenDor

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351106245

Category: Law

Page: 333

View: 339

Conflict is a major facet of many environmental challenges of our time. However, growing conflict complexity makes it more difficult to identify win-win strategies for sustainable conflict resolution. Innovative methods are needed to help predict, understand, and resolve conflicts in cooperative ways. Agent-Based Modeling of Environmental Conflict and Cooperation examines computer modeling techniques as an important set of tools for assessing environmental and resource-based conflicts and, ultimately, for finding pathways to conflict resolution and cooperation. This book has two major goals. First, it argues that complexity science can be a unifying framework for professions engaged in conflict studies and resolution, including anthropology, law, management, peace studies, urban planning, and geography. Second, this book presents an innovative framework for approaching conflicts as complex adaptive systems by using many forms of environmental analysis, including system dynamics modeling, agent-based modeling, evolutionary game theory, viability theory, and network analysis. Known as VIABLE (Values and Investments from Agent-Based interaction and Learning in Environmental systems), this framework allows users to model advanced facets of conflicts—including institution building, coalition formation, adaptive learning, and the potential for future conflict—and conflict resolution based on the long-term viability of the actors’ strategies. Written for scholars, students, practitioners, and policy makers alike, this book offers readers an extensive introduction to environmental conflict research and resolution techniques. As the result of decades of research, the text presents a strong argument for conflict modeling and reviews the most popular and advanced techniques, including system dynamics modeling, agent-based modeling, and participatory modeling methods. This indispensable guide uses NetLogo, a widely used and free modeling software package, to implement the VIABLE modeling approach in three case study applications around the world. Readers are invited to explore, adapt, modify, and expand these models to conflicts they hope to better understand and resolve.
2018-10-12 By Todd K. BenDor

The chapters that explicitly dealt with issues of conflict and cooperation are, of course, far from conclusive. Though resource-related conflicts occur regularly, they seem to seldom turn violent and cannot be causally related to an ...

Author: Vishal Narain

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030790356

Category: Social Science

Page: 180

View: 577

This open access book explores the implications of urbanization in South Asia for water (in-) security in the peri-urban spaces of Dhaka and Khulna in Bangladesh, Bengaluru, Gurugram, Hyderabad, Kolkata and Pune in India, and Kathmandu Valley in Nepal. The book looks into specifically peri-urban water security issues in a context of rapid urbanization and social-environmental changes, including the changing climate and its emerging impacts. It demonstrates how urbanization processes change water flows between rural and urban areas, the implications of this processes for the water security of peri-urban populations, and how new institutions and technologies develop to mediate the relationships between peri-urban communities and water. The book seeks to further the debate on peri-urban water security, including what constitutes the peri-urban, socially differentiated access to water in peri-urban spaces, interventions for improving water access, and emerging forms of cooperation and conflict related to water access in a context of urbanization and climate change. As such, this book is an interesting read for academics with various disciplinary backgrounds, professionals working in the worlds of national and international policy, NGOs, activist groups, research and development institutes, and individual readers interested in water security and urbanization.
2021-12-09 By Vishal Narain

Globally, the interdependence of states and other political actors causes various phenomena such as war, peace, conflict, cooperation, negotiations, and alliances. Theories of international relations attempt to answer the basic ...

Author: Motoshi Suzuki

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9784431564669

Category: Political Science

Page: 275

View: 585

This edited volume is an outcome of the first major collaborative project between Japanese economists and political scientists, funded by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. The authors of the individual chapters show that Asian states play games of conflict and cooperation strategically by creating, changing, or destroying institutions. For them, conflict and cooperation are inseparable phenomena and are integral parts of states’ strategic interactions under constraints. Through the establishment of appropriate institutions that coordinate states’ actions, present conflict can be turned into stable cooperation in the future. No discernible difference exists in the extent of rationality between the East and the West, but substantial variations between regions or even within a region are found in institutions that are influenced by history and culture. Historical and cultural variations divide contemporary Asia, making regional institutional cooperation difficult and prompting some Asian states to use global or inter-regional arrangements in order to obtain benefits of cooperation. Qualifications are provided for this line of argument in the first chapter, which also discusses the affinity of international relations theory and game theory, with special attention to Japan and Asia. The following ten substantive chapters are developed based on the conceptual framework and, for integrity and coherence, are sub-grouped into four parts that correspond to major issues in international relations scholarship: (1) conflict management, (2) arms control, (3) trade, and (4) currency.
2017-02-07 By Motoshi Suzuki

... is the novelty of (1) his methodology and (2) of his theoretical explanations of political and conflict processes. ... formal dichotomy here between cooperation and conflict: cooperation in the form of the search for allies or for ...

Author: Urs Luterbacher

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9781786350312

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 531

In order to use the perspective of emotions to explain conflict escalation and crises, a comparison to conceptions such as the pursuit of power or financial interests is warranted. These theoretical considerations are investigated within cases of civil wars and shown to be effective in explaining the origins but also the breakdown of conflicts.
2016-12-21 By Urs Luterbacher

Author: Brian Shoup

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134079766

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 138

Interethnic competition in plural societies is often characterized by a ‘counterbalance’ of political and economic strength between different groups. In such cases, tensions emerge as politically dominant groups fear loss of hegemony to more economically aggressive groups. Likewise, economically successful groups require key public goods and a political atmosphere conducive to investment. These social relations are couched in terms of ethnic mythologies that stress the indigenous role of one group, and consequently its superior political status. This book develops a model that explains how and why interethnic bargains between rival groups can erode given different institutional configurations. It is hypothesized that interethnic conflict is more likely in countries where political institutions fail to insulate the political hegemony of traditionally dominant ethnic communities and redistributive programs fail to improve the economic position of ethnic majorities. In such cases, outbidding strategies by more extreme ethnic leaders are more successful and violence becomes more likely. Conflict and Cooperation in Multi-Ethnic States will be of interest to students of ethnic conflict, Asian politics and security studies.
2007-08-08 By Brian Shoup

This volume is both a tribute to the work of Deutsch and a cross-disciplinary contribution to theory and practice in conflict, cooperation, and justice--with applications that cut across business, community, political, and other social ...

Author: Bunker

Publisher: Jossey-Bass

ISBN: STANFORD:36105012410077

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 441

View: 582

Published in association with the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues (a division of the American Psychological Association), this book is inspired by the groundbreaking work of Morton Deutsch, a pioneer in applied social psychology. The contributors--all authorities in their fields and former students or colleagues of Deutsch--include leading thinkers from schools and departments of sociology, psychology, education, and management, with expertise ranging from labor relations to school-based conflict resolution to cooperative education programs and business policy. Each chapter focuses on one of the three areas of Deutsch's work--conflict, cooperation, and justice--with a commentary by Deutsch himself concluding each section. This volume is both a tribute to the work of Deutsch and a cross-disciplinary contribution to theory and practice in conflict, cooperation, and justice--with applications that cut across business, community, political, and other social groups.
1995-05-10 By Bunker