Search Results for choosing-environmental-policy

This work asks why market instruments have not been used to their full potential in environmental policy.

Author: Bouwe R. Dijkstra

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub

ISBN: STANFORD:36105024331287

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 376

View: 792

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Why is it that market instruments have not been used to their full potential in environmental policy? Using a public choice perspective, this book critically analyses the political economy of environmental policy with special emphasis on the role of powerful interest groups which have blocked the introduction of market instruments. The Political Economy of Environmental Policy will be of interest to environmental and ecological economists, policy makers, political scientists and public choice scholars.

In the United States, this centralization of environmental policymaking is primarily the result ofa series oflandmark statutes passed between 1969 and 1980.1 It is not clear that these centralizing moves were part ofa grand plan; ...

Author: Winston Professor Harrington

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136524943

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 296

View: 382

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The two distinct approaches to environmental policy include direct regulation-sometimes called 'command and control' policies-and regulation by economic, or market-based incentives. This book is the first to compare the costs and outcomes of these approaches by examining realworld applications. In a unique format, paired case studies from the United States and Europe contrast direct regulation on one side of the Atlantic with an incentivebased policy on the other. For example, Germanys direct regulation of SO2 emissions is compared with an incentive approach in the U.S. Direct regulation of water pollution via the U.S. Clean Water Act is contrasted with Hollands incentive-based fee system. Additional studies contrast solutions for eliminating leaded gasoline and reducing nitrogen oxide emissions, CFCs, and chlorinated solvents. The cases presented in Choosing Environmental Policy were selected to allow the sharpest, most direct comparisons of direct regulation and incentive-based strategies. In practice, environmental policy is often a mix of both types of instruments. This innovative investigation will interest scholars, students, and policymakers who want more precise information as to what kind of 'blend' will yield the most effective policy. Are incentive instruments more efficient than regulatory ones? Do regulatory policies necessarily have higher administrative costs? Are incentive policies more difficult to monitor? Are firms more likely to oppose market-based instruments or traditional regulation? These are some of the important questions the authors address, often with surprising results.

The enhanced CD-ROM contains all of the piano accompaniments plus an exclusive version of Home Concert(tm) which will show the music on your computer screen, follow along with it, and turn the pages for you Also included on the CD are the ...

Author: Alfred Allen Marcus

Publisher: Praeger

ISBN: STANFORD:36105001944417

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 865

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The enhanced CD-ROM contains all of the piano accompaniments plus an exclusive version of Home Concert(tm) which will show the music on your computer screen, follow along with it, and turn the pages for you Also included on the CD are the listening tracks from the David Nadien/Koji Toyoda recordings. Titles: Chorus from Judas Maccabaeus (G. F. Handel), Musette (J. S. Bach), Hunters' Chorus (C. M. v. Weber), Long, Long Ago (T. H. Bayly), Waltz (J. Brahms), Bourr'e (G. F. Handel), The Two Grenadiers (R. Schumann), Theme from Witches' Dance (N. Paganini), Gavotte from Mignon (A. Thomas), Gavotte (J. B. Lully), Minuet in G (L. van Beethoven), Minuet (L. Boccherini).

First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Author: Winston Harrington

Publisher: Resources for the Future

ISBN: 1891853872

Category: Science

Page: 283

View: 872

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First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The authors of this book analyse these instruments - green taxes, tradeable permits, covenants, joint implementation, internationally tradeable quotas - from the point of view of costeffectiveness, their ability to achieve environmental ...

Author: Claude Jeanrenaud

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3764353198

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 109

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Environmental policies have traditionally relied on direct controls and on government investment to protect natural resources. Today, the drawbacks and impediments to this approach are evident: heavy burdens borne by companies and the community, complex regulations, a danger of legislative inflation, difficulties in meeting the goals set, to name a few. In response, the environmental authorities in many countries have begun to reassess the efficacy of their programs, with the result that market incentives and voluntary agreements with companies or branches of industry have been added to the arsenal of traditional environmental protection measures. There are great expectations for new economic instruments, which offer the twofold advantage of giving companies more freedom in the choice of means, and of increasing the chances for meeting goals in a more cost-effective way. The authors of this book analyse these instruments - green taxes, tradeable permits, covenants, joint implementation, internationally tradeable quotas - from the point of view of costeffectiveness, their ability to achieve environmental goals, and public and corporate acceptability. They endeavour to determine on the basis of experience to date, whether these instruments are living up to the hopes placed in them.
1997-01-01 By Claude Jeanrenaud

Overall, this work finds that the EU continues to rely heavily on traditional command and control regulation in the context of air pollution control, whereas the environmental dimension of EU energy policy is frequently controlled by new, ...

Author: Sophie Schmitt

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1088489068

Category:

Page: 27

View: 514

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Although they have formerly constituted distinct traditions in the European integration process, EU regulatory activities in environmental and energy policy have now become highly interwoven. Environmental concerns increasingly influence the formulation of the EU's energy policy, especially given the twofold challenge of securing sufficient energy supply whilst also addressing the necessity of combating climate change. In this context, a key question is, how exactly does the EU approach environmental policy objectives as part of its energy policy? Is the 'environmental dimension' of EU energy policy subject to a different regulatory approach than EU environmental policy in general? This paper addresses these questions from a neo-functionalist perspective by comparing the different types of policy instruments adopted by the EU in the two interrelated areas over the past four decades. Overall, this work finds that the EU continues to rely heavily on traditional command and control regulation in the context of air pollution control, whereas the environmental dimension of EU energy policy is frequently controlled by new, less interventionist forms of governance.
2011 By Sophie Schmitt

(2005) employed the choice experiment method to value groundwater protection in Denmark. Specifically, the values of two qualitative attributes related to drinking water quality and aquatic environment quality were investigated.

Author: Ekin Birol

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781848441255

Category: Political Science

Page: 338

View: 651

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. . . a text detailing several recent, state-of-the-art choice experiment studies in European Union countries is valuable for illustrating the usefulness of the method for informing environmental policy. . . Birol and Koundouri have admirably compiled an array of case studies that provide relevant information for European environmental, agricultural, natural resource management and food policy, and that also offer a number of advances in the application and analysis of the CEM. The text is suitable for academics and graduate students with an interest in current applications of stated preference methods and for policy-makers interested in understanding people s preferences for environmental quality. . . Bethany Cooper, Australasian Journal of Environmental Management This volume provides an assessment of the literature on environmental valuation in Europe. It outlines some of the key environmental policy issues facing European Union countries and provides information on preferences and values associated with policy options. It also provides a set of state of the art examples of preference elicitation and analysis. This volume will be of interest to a variety of audiences. The book provides insights that will be useful to policy makers interested in understanding the public s preferences for environmental quality and it will be useful to academics and graduate students interested in cutting edge applications of stated preference methods. Wictor Adamowicz, University of Alberta, Canada This innovative book is a compilation of state-of-the-art choice experiment studies undertaken in several European Union (EU) countries, including Finland, France, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Spain and the United Kingdom. The case studies presented concern a variety of environmental, agricultural and natural resource issues such as the management of water resources, forests and agricultural landscapes; conservation of biodiversity and cultural heritage; noise pollution reduction and food labeling. The book highlights how the choice experiment method can be employed to inform efficient and effective design and implementation of various EU level agricultural and environmental policies and directives, including the Common Agricultural Policy, Water Framework Directive, Forestry Strategy, Habitats Directive and food labeling systems. This book will be of great interest to researchers working in the fields of environmental, natural resource and agricultural economics. Academics and graduate students worldwide, as well as applied economists working in international and national organizations, would benefit from the cutting edge choice experiment applications presented in this book. International and national policy makers will also benefit from the information on the use and usefulness of the choice experiment method in informing efficient and effective environmental, agricultural and natural resource management policy making.
2008-01-01 By Ekin Birol

Before turning to the discussion of the properties of environmental policy instruments , it will be worthwhile to pause for a brief consideration of the policies themselves . The difference between this ideal and the working assumption ...

Author: Clifford S. Russell

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000057513032

Category: Environmental policy

Page: 51

View: 857

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Discusses how the needs of the individual must be balanced with socially desirable ecological goals if the environment is to be protected.

Author: R. Hahn

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781136470615

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 152

View: 606

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Discusses how the needs of the individual must be balanced with socially desirable ecological goals if the environment is to be protected.
2013-09-27 By R. Hahn

The book also includes papers on the ethical basis of environmental economics and the economic approach to environmental policy.

Author: A. Myrick Freeman

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub

ISBN: STANFORD:36105023206522

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 491

View: 159

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These papers cover such topics as: the effects of environmental and resources policies on income distribution; the incorporation of distribution effects into environmental policy analysis; the role of economic incentives in environmental policy; the economic valuation of environment changes; and the consideration of risk and uncertainty in economic valuation and policy making. The book also includes papers on the ethical basis of environmental economics and the economic approach to environmental policy.

If his analysis is correct, the question arises, “Could dissatisfaction also extend to environmental policy problems? ... 6.5.1.2 How the size of the choice set may affect environmental policymaking In some circumstances, choosing an ...

Author: Charles H. Eccleston

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439847671

Category: Law

Page: 460

View: 176

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Environmental policy is often practiced reactively with each crisis addressed as an isolated event. Focusing on development of proactive policies, Global Environment Policy: Concepts, Principles, and Practice provides the essential scientific and socioeconomic framework for formulating pragmatic and comprehensive environmental policies. It discusses topics of interest to American and international audiences. Beginning with basic concepts, the book proceeds successively on to more advanced principles, theories, and practices for developing and implementing comprehensive environmental policy solutions. Topics are introduced in a logical, yet connected, user-friendly manner. Using practical case studies and examples, the book illustrates both the power and limitations of theoretical approaches. It defines the scope and nature of the environmental policy problem, outlining its origins and evolution, and introduces the policy frameworks of the United Nations, European Union, and the United States. Each chapter begins with a case study and ends with a problem set; the questions are designed to elicit practical and critical thinking. The book ends with two capstone problems that exemplify nearly every major topic and aspect presented in this book. Upon completion, students should possess the competency required to examine a real world problem, evaluate it in terms of the concepts, principles, and tools described throughout the book, and develop a practical policy solution for resolving that problem.
2011-06-27 By Charles H. Eccleston

Another dimension of fairness to sources is the extent to which a policy instrument allows a firm some autonomy in choosing environmental strategies for itself . Although firms argue that this autonomy gives them the requisite ...

Author: Usgpo

Publisher: U.S. Government Printing Office

ISBN: MINN:31951D01220511W

Category: Environmental policy

Page: 217

View: 563

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1995 By Usgpo

Bell, RuthGreenspan, "Choosing Environmental Policy Instruments inthe Real World" (Paper presented at ConcertedActionon TradableEmissionsPermits Country Forum,OECD Global Forum on Sustainable Development:Emissions Trading,Paris,1718 ...

Author: Bo Miao

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135115982

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 543

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As the world's biggest polluter, the environmental challenges that China faces in controlling its airborne emissions are crucial, not only to its own population in terms of tackling the severe domestic air pollution, but also to the planet as it faces calls from the international community to accept its responsibilities in cutting greenhouse gases. Deteriorating air quality clearly shows that China’s current environmental regime is unsuited to either tackle the rampant domestic air pollution or contribute fairly to international climate action. As such, this book explores the feasibility of applying a national emissions trading system to control multiple air pollutants in China. It begins with an outline of the existing emissions management system and goes onto explore whether a national emissions trading system is a viable choice to combat China’s conventional air pollutants. To this end, there is an in-depth analysis of the two pilot sulphur dioxide emissions trading programs in Taiyuan and Jiangsu, as well as an examination of emissions trading schemes in the US and EU. Finally, the book discusses the key design elements of a multi-pollutant cap-and-trade scheme that addresses both conventional air pollutants and greenhouse gasses. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars interested in the fields of environmental studies, Chinese politics and environmental law. It will also be invaluable to policy makers in the field.
2013-09-02 By Bo Miao

Author: Alistair Ulph

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:23814540

Category: International trade

Page: 29

View: 354

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1990 By Alistair Ulph

Special emphasis is given to the interactions of environmentalism and science in generating public and international environmental policies. This book addresses the changing relationship of mankind's world to nature's Earth.

Author: Lynton Keith Caldwell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521337437

Category: Nature

Page: 224

View: 793

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Will humans adapt their ways of life to conserve the natural systems upon which their future and the living world depend? There is no simple answer to the question of whether we as humans can adapt our lifestyles in the pursuit of an environmentally sound world. Inadequate information is a limiting factor, and unforeseen events make uncertainty inevitable. Even so, choices made today can narrow or expand future options. A critical task for society today is to reverse trends that narrow these options, a task in which science plays a vital role. In his thought-provoking book, Dr. Caldwell attempts to address this issue with an integrated analysis of the interrelationships among science, the environmental movement, and public policy. Special emphasis is given to the interactions of environmentalism and science in generating public and international environmental policies.

This is the case of "Not in my backyard".

Author: James R. Markusen

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822016786691

Category: Industrial location

Page: 30

View: 440

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A two-region model is presented in which an imperfectly competitive firm produces a good with increasing returns at the plant level, and in which shipping costs exist between the two markets. Production of the good causes local pollution, and regional governments can levy pollution taxes or impose environmental regulations. The firm decides. partly on the basis of these environmental policy variables, whether to maintain plants in both regions, serve both regions from a single plant or shut down. A non-cooperative equilibrium in regional environmental policies occurs when each region is choosing the environmental policy that maximizes its welfare given the environmental policy in the other region. Two types of harmful tax (regulatory) competitions are documented. If the disutility of pollution is high enough, each region will only want the polluting good produced in the other region and the two regions will likely compete by increasing their environmental taxes (standards) until the polluting firm is driven from the market. This is the case of "Not in my backyard". Alternatively, if the disutility from pollution is not as great, each region will realize that their welfare could decrease if their environmental policy causes the firm to not operate in their region. In this case, the regions will usually compete by undercutting each others pollution tax rates (environmental standards).

First , however , let us consider what policy makers might want from environmental policy instruments and which criteria ... 11.1 CHOICE OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY INSTRUMENTS Choosing from the array of possible policy instruments is a ...

Author: Michael Common

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521816459

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 560

View: 526

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A comprehensive introduction to the emerging field of ecological economics assuming no prior knowledge of economics.
2005-10-06 By Michael Common

Is it possible to judge when policies are ripe for change?This book presents new empirical evidence that the punctuated equilibrium theory of policy dynamics fits the facts of environmental policy change and can explain how stable policies ...

Author: Robert Repetto

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300129748

Category: Nature

Page: 304

View: 943

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Although many environmental policy issues remain deadlocked for decades with little movement, sometimes breakthroughs occur abruptly. Why do deadlocks persist? Why do major policy shifts occur infrequently? Is it possible to judge when policies are ripe for change?This book presents new empirical evidence that the punctuated equilibrium theory of policy dynamics fits the facts of environmental policy change and can explain how stable policies can suddenly unravel in discontinuous change. The distinguished contributors to the volume apply the theory to a wide range of important environmental and resource issues and assess case histories in water, forestry, fisheries, public lands, energy and climate some of which resulted in breakthroughs, others in stalemate. They offer insights into the political conditions and tactics that are likely to produce these disparate outcomes. Every professional, activist, and student concerned with promoting (or resisting) change in environmental and natural resources policies will find this up-to-date book an invaluable guide.
2008-10-01 By Robert Repetto

If the tiger starts to become agitated, then the leader may choose to slow the pace for a while (e.g. delay action or amend legislation), let the tiger wander temporarily from its intended trajectory (e.g. compromise with the ...

Author: Pieter Glasbergen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080531175

Category: Law

Page: 208

View: 696

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The three volumes of Environmental Policy in an International Context have been developed by the Dutch and UK Open Universities as part of the International Environmental Series. They accompany a workbook and six videos. The first volume takes a critical and analytical look at contemporary environmental issues built around the key questions - what are international and environmental problems; and why have they become important politically? These questions are examined from a variety of viewpoints - science, sociology, politics, law and economics. A multi-disciplinary approach is emphasised and it shows how both technical and scientific solutions need to be sought alongside
1995-10-19 By Pieter Glasbergen

Ulph ( 1992 ) , using a threestage model in which governments choose environmental policies ( to meet a fixed environmental target ) in the first stage and firms choose capital stocks and output levels in the second and third stages ...

Author: Scott Barrett

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9251039224

Category: Agriculture

Page: 121

View: 425

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1996 By Scott Barrett