Search Results for biochemistry-and-molecular-biology-of-wood

Progress in wood chemistry has been related mainly to chemical wood pulping and bleaching and chemical utilization of wood and wood extractives.

Author: Takayoshi Higuchi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642604690

Category: Science

Page: 362

View: 948

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Progress in wood chemistry has been related mainly to chemical wood pulping and bleaching and chemical utilization of wood and wood extractives. Meth ods of wood analysis were developed by Schorger (proximate analysis in 1917) and Dore (summative analysis in 1919), and standard methods based on Schorger's method, e.g., TAPPI standards (Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry), have been widely used for chemical analysis of woods in many countries. Thus it is generally known that wood is composed of about 50% cellulose, 20-35% of lignin, 15-25% of hemicelluloses, and variable amounts of extractives. Chemical characterization and efficient utilization of these wood components have been studied in laboratories of wood chemistry and technology in universities and government institutions. In the last decade, biochemistry and molecular biology of microorganisms, animals, and plants have greatly progressed. At the same time wood has been recognized as a unique renewable ecomaterial produced by trees using solar energy. In addition, many desirable properties of wood and wood components as biomaterial that affects physiology and psychology in humans have recently attracted attention.
2012-12-06 By Takayoshi Higuchi

Increasing global economic and natural resource concerns necessitate the development of novel methods to recycle wood sapstain by decolorizing sapstain in wood. There are two methods for removing biological sapstain from wood; ...

Author: William V. Dashek

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351091381

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 239

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Modern plant science research currently integrates biochemistry and molecular biology. This book highlights recent trends in plant biotechnology and molecular genetics, serving as a working manual for scientists in academic, industrial, and federal laboratories. A wide variety of authors have contributed to this book, reflecting the thinking and expertise of active investigators who generate advances in technology. The authors were selected especially for their ability to create and/or implement novel research methods.
2018-05-04 By William V. Dashek

Extensively illustrated, this new book provides a comprehensive and critical overview of current understanding about the biology of wood formation, with a focus on the development, regulation and biochemistry of cambial growth supplemented ...

Author: Rodney A. Savidge

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 1859961231

Category: Science

Page: 530

View: 336

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The application of modern molecular biology techniques is providing new insight into wood formation and the seasonal nature of secondary growth in perennial woody plant species. Extensively illustrated, this new book provides a comprehensive and critical overview of current understanding about the biology of wood formation, with a focus on the development, regulation and biochemistry of cambial growth supplemented by additional considerations of the fundamental factors determining forest productivity, wood quality and heartwood formation.

In Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Wood , Higuchi , T. , ed . , Springer , Berlin Heidelberg New York . pp . 154-181 . Higuchi , T. and Ito , M. ( 1958 ) Dehydrogenation products of coniferyl alcohol formed by the action of ...

Author: Shain-Dow Kung

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981023547X

Category: Science

Page: 242

View: 897

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"the book is a valuable source of information and reference and may also inspire young researchers on how to advance their own field of plant science. This discovery book, which is recommended to a wide readership from advanced students to the established scientists, should be present in all central libraries and all libraries of plant biology institutions".Journal of Plant Physiology, 2000
1998 By Shain-Dow Kung

This is a volume for researchers and professionals in plant physiology, molecular biology and biochemistry. Wood is the most versatile raw material available to man.

Author: John Barnett

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405147811

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 908

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Wood is the most versatile raw material available to man. It isburned as fuel, shaped into utensils, used as a structuralengineering material, converted into fibres for paper production,and put to newer uses as a source of industrial chemicals. Its quality results largely from the chemical and physicalstructure of the cell walls of its component fibres, which can bemodified in nature as the tree responds to physical environmentalstresses. Internal stresses can accumulate, which are releasedcatastrophically when the tree is felled, often rendering thetimber useless. The quality of timber as an engineering materialalso depends on the structure of the wood and the way in which ithas developed in the living tree. Tree improvement for quality cannot be carried out without anunderstanding of the biological basis underlying wood formation andstructure. This volume brings together the viewpoints of bothbiologists and physical scientists, covering the spectrum from theformation of wood to its structure and properties, and relatingthese properties to industrial use. This is a volume for researchers and professionals in plantphysiology, molecular biology and biochemistry.
2009-02-18 By John Barnett

D. Cullen and P.J. Kersten: Lignin Degradation Molecular Aspects of Biochemical Pathways 14 General and Cross-Pathway ... TAPPIJ 74:189–193 Westermark U, Eriksson K-E (1974) Cellobiose:Quinone oxidoreductase, a new wood-degrading enzyme ...

Author: Robert Brambl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540580042

Category: Biochemistry

Page: 449

View: 693

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The fungi have become favored organisms for research at the cellular and molecular level. Such research involvement has been stimulated by interest in the biotechnological application of fungi in processes related to industry, agriculture and ecology.This is the third of eight volumes. It presents current insight into major topics of fungal cell biology and biochemistry, as explored by techniques of molecular biology and genetics. These topics include genetic and metabolic regulatory circuits, signal transduction pathways, protein import and localization, polyamine synthesis and function, chitin biosynthesis, heat shock and stress responses, fungal chromosome structure and replication, RNA polymerases and transcription factors, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.
2004 By Robert Brambl

Anonymous (1957) International glossary of terms used in wood anatomy: Prepared by the Int. Assoc. of Wood Anatomists. Trop Woods 107: 1-36. Büsgen M, Münch E (1929) The ... Higuchi T(1998) Biochemistry and molecular biology of wood.

Author: Satu Huttunen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401598033

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 262

View: 711

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The increasing con'. ;ern for the serious problems of forest decline that occurred in the Northern Hemisphere in the late 1970's and early 1980 's led to an emphasis on the necessity of promoting and setting up investigations into the basic physiological mechanisms of forest trees. Since then, the concern about rapid changes has decreased along with the increase of monitored data on European forests health status. But tree physiology has faced new questions about changing climate and increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations. Advances in plant molecular biology and forest genetics have opened up new avenues in the research on forest tree physiology. At the same, time it has become evident that molecular and genetic tools give only a basis for further research on tree structure and function, which needs basic tree physiology again. On the other hand, the problems of forest decline in Europe are not over. They are no longer discussed daily in the media, but stress is an everyday phenomenon experienced by European forest trees. For instance, in southern Europe and mountainous regions, drought stress and many other abiotic or biotic factors are stressors and cause problems to forests with many important social and protective functions. Stress physiology is a branch of everyday physiology in traditional forestry. How to grow a forest with maximal carbon binding functions and optimal wood quality and rich in biodiversity.
2013-04-17 By Satu Huttunen

See also: Wood: Macroscopic Anatomy; Wood: Ultrastructure Bibliography Fengel D, Wegner G 1989 Wood: Chemistry Ultrastructure, Reactions. De Gruyter, Berlin Higuchi T 1997 Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Wood.

Author: J. W. Martin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008052463X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 512

View: 715

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This Concise Encyclopedia draws its material from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, and includes updates and revisions not available in the original set. This customized collection of articles provides a handy reference for materials scientists and engineers with an interest in the structure of metals, polymers, ceramics and glasses, biomaterials, wood, paper, and liquid crystals. Materials science and engineering is concerned with the relationship between the properties and structure of materials. In this context "structure" may be defined on the atomic scale in the case of crystalline materials, on the molecular scale (in the case of polymers, for example), or on the microscopic scale. Each of these definitions has been applied in making the present selection of articles. * Brings together articles from the Encyclopedia of Materials: Science & Technology that focus on the structure of materials at the atomic, molecular and microscopic levels, plus recent updates * Every article has been commissioned and written by an internationally recognized expert and provides a concise overview of a particular aspect of the field * Extensive bibliographies, cross-referencing and indexes guide the user to the most relevant reading in the primary literature
2006-10-30 By J. W. Martin

Abigail Leggett Ohio State Biochemistry Program, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, United States Ivanhoe K.H. ... Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Robert Wood ...

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128167632

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 640

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Biological NMR, Part B, the latest release in the Methods of Enzymology series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on a variety of topics, including Protein methyl labeling, Membrane protein expression – yeast, Protein aromatic labeling, His-tag/Metal contamination, Bicelles, nanodiscs & micelles MP host, PTM – phosphorylation, PTM – lipidation, Screening platform for receptor-ligand discovery, Solution Spectroscopy, Large protein strategies, NUS data collection/analysis, F19 incl. hydration, ODNP - hydration, Reverse micelle - Hydration, Solid State Spectroscopy, SS NMR membrane proteins, SS NMR soluble/aggregate proteins, SS DNP - general, SS NMR nucleic acids, and much more. Authoritative contributors Protocols for state-of-the-art advances Timeliness
2019-01-10 By

2005 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology , Inc. Printed in U.S.A. Classics A PAPER IN A ... Years of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology The Discovery of Heterotrophic Carbon Dioxide Fixation by Harland G. Wood ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105123130606

Category: Biochemistry

Page:

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