Search Results for advent-of-netwar

The term Netwar refers to societal conflict and crime, short of war, in which the protagonists are organized more as sprawling leaderless networks than as tight-knit hierarchies.

Author: John Arquilla

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833024140

Category: History

Page: 118

View: 312

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The term Netwar refers to societal conflict and crime, short of war, in which the protagonists are organized more as sprawling leaderless networks than as tight-knit hierarchies. The emergence of netwar raises the need to rethink strategy and doctrine to conduct counternetwar.
1996-01-01 By John Arquilla

THE ADVENT OF NETWAR — ANALYTICAL BACKGROUND 12 The information revolution is altering the nature of conflict across the spectrum . Of the many reasons for this , we call attention to two in particular .

Author: Ian O. Lesser

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833026674

Category: Political Science

Page: 153

View: 695

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Recent bombings of U.S. embassies in Africa remind us that U.S. citizens and U.S. interest are not immune to terrorism. Featuring the works of world-renowned experts, this book traces the recent evolution of international terrorism against civilian and U.S. military targets, looks ahead to where terrorism is going, and assesses how it might be contained.
1999 By Ian O. Lesser

The information revolution is leading to the rise of network forms of organization, with unusual implications for how societies are organized and conflicts are conducted.

Author: John Arquilla

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 083304852X

Category: Communications, Military

Page: 134

View: 675

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The information revolution is leading to the rise of network forms of organization, with unusual implications for how societies are organized and conflicts are conducted. "Netwar" is an emerging consequence. The term refers to societal conflict and crime, short of war, in which the antagonists are organized more as sprawling "leaderless" networks than as tight-knit hierarchies. Many terrorists, criminals, fundamentalists, and ethno-nationalists are developing netwar capabilities. A new generation of revolutionaries and militant radicals is also emerging, with new doctrines, strategies, and technologies that support their reliance on network forms of organization. Netwar may be the dominant mode of societal conflict in the 21st century. These conclusions are implied by the evolution of societies, according to a framework presented in this RAND study. The emergence of netwar raises the need to rethink strategy and doctrine to conduct counternetwar. Traditional notions of war and low-intensity conflict as a sequential process based on massing, maneuvering, and fighting will likely prove inadequate to cope with nonlinear, swarm-like, information-age conflicts in which societal and military elements are closely intermingled.
1996 By John Arquilla

Arquilla and Ronfeldt, 'The Advent of Netwar (Revisited)', p.15. 19. For additional information on the prospects for the TEW model to serve as a counternetwar structure see John P. Sullivan, 'Networked Force Structure and C4I', ...

Author: Robert J. Bunker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317857839

Category: History

Page: 262

View: 600

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This new book brings together leading terrorism scholars and defence professionals to discuss the impact of networks on conflict and war. Post-modern terrorism and topics of global insurgency are also comprehensively covered. The text is divided into four sections to cover the key areas: introductory/overview, theory, terrorism and global insurgency, Al Qaeda focus, and networks. Eminent contributors include John Arquilla and David Ronfeldt, Brian Jenkins, Stephen Sloan, Graham Turbiville, and Max Manwaring. This book was previously published as a special issue of the leading journal Low Intensity Conflict and Law Enforcement.
2014-01-14 By Robert J. Bunker

Thus, the spread of netwar adds to the challenges facing the nationstate in the information age. ... 13These are not the only types of netwar actors; there The Advent of Netwar: Analytic Background 17 Networks Versus Hierarchies: ...

Author: David Ronfeldt

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 9780833043320

Category: Political Science

Page: 181

View: 693

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The information revolution is leading to the rise of network forms of organization in which small, previously isolated groups can communicate, link up, and conduct coordinated joint actions as never before. This in turn is leading to a new mode of conflict--netwar--in which the protagonists depend on using network forms of organization, doctrine, strategy, and technology. Many actors across the spectrum of conflict--from terrorists, guerrillas, and criminals who pose security threats, to social activists who may not--are developing netwar designs and capabilities. The Zapatista movement in Mexico is a seminal case of this. In January 1994, a guerrilla-like insurgency in Chiapas by the Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN), and the Mexican government's response to it, aroused a multitude of civil-society activists associated with human-rights, indigenous-rights, and other types of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to swarm--electronically as well as physically--from the United States, Canada, and elsewhere into Mexico City and Chiapas. There, they linked with Mexican NGOs to voice solidarity with the EZLN's demands and to press for nonviolent change. Thus, what began as a violent insurgency in an isolated region mutated into a nonviolent though no less disruptive social netwar that engaged the attention of activists from far and wide and had nationwide and foreign repercussions for Mexico. This study examines the rise of this social netwar, the information-age behaviors that characterize it (e.g., extensive use of the Internet), its effects on the Mexican military, its implications for Mexico's stability, and its implications for the future occurrence of social netwars elsewhere around the world.
1999-02-03 By David Ronfeldt

The Advent of Netwar . Santa Monica : Rand Corp. , 1996. MR - 789 - OSD . “ The Advent of Netwar . ” In In Athena's Camp : Preparing for Conflict in the Information Age , edited by John Arquilla and David Ronfeldt .

Author: Barry Cooper

Publisher: University of Missouri Press

ISBN: 0826216218

Category: History

Page: 242

View: 520

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While terrorism has been used throughout the ages as a weapon in political struggles, there is an essential difference between groups who use these tactics for more or less rational political goals and those seeking more apocalyptic ends. Cooper argues that today's terrorists have a spiritual perversity that causes them to place greater significance on killing than on exploiting political grievances. He supports his assertion with an analysis of two groups that share the characteristics of a pneumopathological consciousness - Anum Shinrikyo, the terrorist organization that poisoned thousands of Tokyo subway riders in 1995, and Al-Qaeda, the group behind the infamous 9/11 killings.
2005-08 By Barry Cooper

The advent of netwar: analytic background. Stud. Conflict Terrorism 22 (3), 199–200. Arquilla, J., Ronfeldt, D., 2000. Swarming and the Future of Conflict. RAND National Defense Research Institute, Santa Monica.

Author: Elzbieta Posluszna

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9780128017043

Category: Political Science

Page: 278

View: 640

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As concerns about human treatment of the environment and animals have increased over the years, so have decentralized and extremist groups related to these causes. Environmental and Animal Rights Extremism, Terrorism, and National Security analyzes the international development of radical movements relating to environmental concerns and animal rights in the context of the threats they pose to national security. In addition to tracing the factors responsible for the rapid growth of these movements over the last 25 years, this text presents countermeasures that governments can deploy to neutralize the risk posed by these threats now and in the future. Bringing to bear new developments such as cyber activity and online activism, Environmental and Animal Rights Extremism, Terrorism, and National Security offers an examination of the direct and indirect violence, lone-wolf terrorism, and leaderless resistance that have characterized these radical wings from their inception. By not only identifying the tactics and organizational structures often employed by these groups, but also addressing future trends toward increased radicalization, Environmental and Animal Rights Extremism, Terrorism, and National Security is an important resource for identifying, anticipating, and mitigating threats posed by such movements. Describes the psychological, social, and organizational mechanisms responsible for the functioning of the extremist wings of the interconnected environmental and animal rights movements in the context of national security Identifies the main tactical and organizational ways these movements develop, moving from hierarchical organization to network structures, leaderless resistance, and lone-wolf activities Covers radical environmental and animal rights groups, including Earth First!, Animal Liberation Front, Earth Liberation Front, Animal Rights Militia, and the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society Looks to future trends in radicalization of these movements
2015-01-29 By Elzbieta Posluszna

Arquilla and Ronfeldt, “The Advent of Netwar (Revisited),” in ibid., 6. Arquilla and Ronfeldt, “Summary,” in ibid., ix. Arquilla, Ronfeldt, and Zanini, “Networks, Netwar, and Information-Age Terrorism,”45.

Author: George Michael

Publisher: Vanderbilt University Press

ISBN: 9780826518552

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 394

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The "lone wolf"—one person with a grudge and a plan—is the most common tactical approach of political terrorists today. George Michael examines various trends in politics, technology, and communications that contribute to this "miniaturization" of terrorism.
2012 By George Michael

Notes 1 John Arquilla and David Ronfeldt, The Advent of Netwar (Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 1996). 2 Carl Wittke, Against the Current: The Life of Karl Heinzen (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1945), pp. 73–75.

Author: Peter Katona

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134173570

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 394

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This volume shows us that in order to deal with today’s Fourth Generation asymmetric warfare by terrorist groups using conventional arms and weapons of mass destruction, we need a new ‘global networked’ approach. The contributors examine the various attempts that have been made to counter the latest wave of terrorism, including the US strikes against Afghanistan and Iraq, President George W. Bush's declaration of a ‘war against terrorism’, the creation of the US Department of Homeland Security, and the 9/11 Commission. Drawing from our experience with ‘Terrorism Early Warning’ and the co-production of counter-terrorism intelligence, this book explains the need for such a network and shows how it could be formed. It compiles the opinions of experts from clinical medicine, public policy, law enforcement and the military. These expert contributors identify the nature of a global counter-terrorism network, show how it could be created, and provide clear guidelines for gauging its future effectiveness. This book will be of great interest to all students of terrorism studies, US national security, international relations, and political science in general.
2007-01-24 By Peter Katona

(Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 1992); John Arquilla et al., The Advent of Netwar (Santa Monica, CA: RAND 1996); John Arquilla and David F. Ronfeldt, eds., In Athena's Camp: Preparing for Conflict in the Information Age (Santa Monica, ...

Author: Keller Easterling

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 9781781687802

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 424

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The Medium Is the Message for the twenty-first century – why infrastructure is the battleground for the future. Extrastatecraft controls everyday life in the city: it’s the key to power – and resistance – in the twenty-first century. Infrastructure is not only the underground pipes and cables controlling our cities. It also determines the hidden rules that structure the spaces all around us – free trade zones, smart cities, suburbs, and shopping malls. Extrastatecraft charts the emergent new powers controlling this space and shows how they extend beyond the reach of government. Keller Easterling explores areas of infrastructure with the greatest impact on our world – examining everything from standards for the thinness of credit cards to the urbanism of mobile telephony, the world’s largest shared platform, to the “free zone,” the most virulent new world city paradigm. In conclusion, she proposes some unexpected techniques for resisting power in the modern world. Extrastatecraft will change the way we think about urban spaces – and how we live in them.
2014-11-04 By Keller Easterling