Search Results for adaptive-thermal-comfort-principles-and-practice

This book should be required reading for all students, teachers and practitioners of architecture, building engineering and management – for all who have a role in producing, and occupying, twenty-first century adaptive, low-carbon, ...

Author: Fergus Nicol

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136336478

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 208

View: 711

The fundamental function of buildings is to provide safe and healthy shelter. For the fortunate they also provide comfort and delight. In the twentieth century comfort became a 'product' produced by machines and run on cheap energy. In a world where fossil fuels are becoming ever scarcer and more expensive, and the climate more extreme, the challenge of designing comfortable buildings today requires a new approach. This timely book is the first in a trilogy from leaders in the field which will provide just that. It explains, in a clear and comprehensible manner, how we stay comfortable by using our bodies, minds, buildings and their systems to adapt to indoor and outdoor conditions which change with the weather and the climate. The book is in two sections. The first introduces the principles on which the theory of adaptive thermal comfort is based. The second explains how to use field studies to measure thermal comfort in practice and to analyze the data gathered. Architects have gradually passed responsibility for building performance to service engineers who are largely trained to see comfort as the ‘product’, designed using simplistic comfort models. The result has contributed to a shift to buildings that use ever more energy. A growing international consensus now calls for low-energy buildings. This means designers must first produce robust, passive structures that provide occupants with many opportunities to make changes to suit their environmental needs. Ventilation using free, natural energy should be preferred and mechanical conditioning only used when the climate demands it. This book outlines the theory of adaptive thermal comfort that is essential to understand and inform such building designs. This book should be required reading for all students, teachers and practitioners of architecture, building engineering and management – for all who have a role in producing, and occupying, twenty-first century adaptive, low-carbon, comfortable buildings.
2012-03-15 By Fergus Nicol

The adaptive approach notices that, provided there are adequate possibilities for
selection and adjustment, people will act to make themselves comfortable if ...
The first volume outlined the principles and practice of adaptive thermal comfort.

Author: Michael Humphreys

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317658573

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 378

View: 526

There has been widespread dissatisfaction with accepted models for predicting the conditions that people will find thermally comfortable in buildings. These models require knowledge about clothing and activity, but can give little guidance on how to quantify them in any future situation. This has forced designers to make assumptions about people’s future behaviour based on very little information and, as a result, encouraged static design indoor temperatures. This book is the second in a three volume set covering all aspects of Adaptive Thermal Comfort. The first part narrates the development of the adaptive approach to thermal comfort from its early beginnings in the 1960s. It discusses recent work in the field and suggests ways in which it can be developed and modelled. Such models can be used to set dynamic, interactive standards for thermal comfort which will help overcome the problems inherited from the past. The second part of the volume engages with the practical and theoretical problems encountered in field studies and in their statistical analysis, providing guidance towards their resolution, so that valid conclusions may be drawn from such studies.
2015-08-27 By Michael Humphreys

Build Environ 45:11–17 Nicol F, Humpreys M, Roaf S (2012) Adaptive thermal
comfort: principles and practice. Routledge, Taylor&Francis Group, New York
Nicol JF, Humphreys MA (2004) A stochastic approach to thermal comfort,
occupant ...

Author: Kristian Fabbri

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319186511

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 302

View: 821

Providing a methodology for evaluating indoor thermal comfort with a focus on children, this book presents an in-depth examination of children’s perceptions of comfort. Divided into two sections, it first presents a history of thermal comfort, the human body and environmental parameters, common thermal comfort indexes, and guidelines for creating questionnaires to assess children’s perceptions of indoor thermal comfort. It then describes their understanding of the concepts of comfort and energy, and the factors that influence that perception. In this context, it takes into account the psychological and pedagogical aspects of thermal comfort judgment, as well as architectural and environmental characteristics and equips readers with the knowledge needed to effectively investigate children’s perspectives on environmental ergonomics. The research field of indoor thermal comfort adopts, on the one hand, physical parameter measurements and comfort indexes (e.g. Predicted Mean Vote (PMV) or adaptive comfort), and on the other, an ergonomic assessment in the form of questionnaires. However the latter can offer only limited insights into the issue of comfort, as children often use different terms than adults to convey their experience of thermal comfort. The books aims to address this lack of understanding with regard to children’s perceptions of indoor thermal comfort. The book is intended for HVAC engineers and researchers, architects and researchers interested in thermal comfort and the built environment. It also provides a useful resource for environmental psychologists, medical and cognitive researchers.
2015-06-30 By Kristian Fabbri

10 Fergus Nicol, Michael Humphreys, and Susan Roaf, Adaptive Thermal
Comfort: Principles and Practice (London; New York: Routledge, 2012). 11
Fergus Nicol, “Thermal Comfort: A Need for a New Approach,” in: M. Santamouris
(ed.), Solar ...

Author: Ulrike Passe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136664823

Category: Architecture

Page: 342

View: 647

Buildings can breathe naturally, without the use of mechanical systems, if you design the spaces properly. This accessible and thorough guide shows you how in more than 260 color diagrams and photographs illustrating case studies and CFD simulations. You can achieve truly natural ventilation, by considering the building's structure, envelope, energy use, and form, as well as giving the occupants thermal comfort and healthy indoor air. By using scientific and architectural visualization tools included here, you can develop ventilation strategies without an engineering background. Handy sections that summarize the science, explain rules of thumb, and detail the latest research in thermal and fluid dynamics will keep your designs sustainable, energy efficient, and up-to-date.
2015-03-12 By Ulrike Passe

This third edition provides the most up-to-date and comprehensive coverage
available of the principles and practice of ... There are new sections and chapters
on the testing and development of clothing; adaptive models; thermal comfort for

Author: Ken Parsons

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781466596009

Category: Science

Page: 635

View: 712

In the ten years since the publication of the second edition of Human Thermal Environments: The Effects of Hot, Moderate, and Cold Environments on Human Health, Comfort, and Performance, Third Edition, the world has embraced electronic communications, making international collaboration almost instantaneous and global. However, there is still a need for a compilation of up-to-date information and best practices. Reflecting current changes in theory and applications, this third edition of a bestseller continues to be the standard text for the design of environments for humans to live and work safely, comfortably, and effectively, and for the design of materials that help people cope with their environments. See What’s New in the Third Edition: All existing chapters significantly updated Five new chapters Testing and development of clothing Adaptive models Thermal comfort for special populations Thermal comfort for special environments Extreme environments Weather Outdoor environments and climate change Fun runs, cold snaps, and heat waves The book covers hot, moderate, and cold environments, and defines them in terms of six basic parameters: air temperature, radiant temperature, humidity, air velocity, clothing worn, and the person’s activity. It focuses on the principles and practice of human response, which incorporates psychology, physiology, and environmental physics with applied ergonomics. The text then discusses water requirements, computer modeling, computer-aided design, and current standards. A systematic treatment of thermal environments and how they affect humans in real-world applications, the book links the health and engineering aspects of the built environment. It provides you with updated tools, techniques, and methods for the design of products and environments that achieve thermal comfort.
2014-04-09 By Ken Parsons

When heat production surpasses heat loss, body heat content increases, and
vice versa. ... ratio is ideal to dissipate heat and renders energy conservation
achieved by sleep highly adaptive.13 When body size increases and sensory-
motor systems mature in the course ... 1) at baseline thermal comfort condition;
and 2) following various conditions such as circadian, temperature, sleep
pressure changes.

Author: Meir H. Kryger

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9781437727739

Category: Medical

Page: 1766

View: 281

Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 5th Edition, by Meir H. Kryger, MD, FRCPC, Thomas Roth, PhD, and William C. Dement, MD, PhD, delivers the comprehensive, dependable guidance you need to effectively diagnose and manage even the most challenging sleep disorders. Updates to genetics and circadian rhythms, occupational health, sleep in older people, memory and sleep, physical examination of the patient, comorbid insomnias, and much more keep you current on the newest areas of the field. A greater emphasis on evidence-based approaches helps you make the most well-informed clinical decisions. And, a new more user-friendly, full-color format, both in print and online, lets you find the answers you need more quickly and easily. Whether you are preparing for the new sleep medicine fellowship examination, or simply want to offer your patients today's best care, this is the one resource to use! Make optimal use of the newest scientific discoveries and clinical approaches that are advancing the diagnosis and management of sleep disorders.
2010-11-01 By Meir H. Kryger

The adaptive model of thermal comfort and energy conservation in the built
environment . ... European Commission Directorate General X.V.I.I. ( 1999 ) A
green vitruvius : principles and practice of sustainable architectural design .
London ...

Author: Jane Cho Hua Lin


ISBN: UCAL:C3501341


Page: 224

View: 922


Principles of hybrid ventilation . ... Energy simulations of traditional versus
adaptive thermal comfort for two moderate climate regions . In : Nicols ... Building
Research and Practice ( J CIB ) Journal Committee International Batiment , 6 : 2 ,
pp .

Author: D. Yogi Goswami

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1844072444

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 127

'Essential for any serious technical library' Professor Martin Green, University of New South Wales, Australia The Advances in Solar Energy series offers state-of-the-art information on all primary renewable energy technologies, including solar, wind and biomass, bringing together invited contributions from the foremost international experts in renewable energy. Volume 16 is the first volume to be published by Earthscan. Topics covered include: *Anthropogenic global warming: evidence, predictions and consequences *Comparing projections of PV generation ad European and U.S. domestic oil production *Recent advances in solar PV technology *III-V compound multi-junction and concentrator solar cells *Progress of highly reliable crystalline Si solar devices and materials *Recent advances in parabolic trough solar power plant technology *Solar pond technologies: a review and future directions *Passive cooling of buildings *Renewable solar energy for traveling: air, land and water *Modeling solar hydrogen fuel cell systems *Renewable energy for the Russian economy *An innovative, high temperature and concentration solar optical system at the turn of the 19th Century: the Pyreheliophoro Spanning a broad range of technical subjects, this volume and series is a 'must-have' reference on global developments in the field of renewable energy, suitable for solar energy experts (including engineers and architects), utilities and industry professionals, students, teachers and researchers in renewable energy, technical libraries and laboratories.
2005 By D. Yogi Goswami

This book provides architects, engineers, builders, and students with design examples and applications that will enable them to design and build comfortable, cost-effective and sustainable buildings in maritime zones.

Author: Ali Sayigh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319679495

Category: Architecture

Page: 242

View: 399

This one of a kind reference gathers numerous new studies examining the design of buildings in seaside locations. Chapters discuss design for various locations and seaside climates and include information regarding climate, materials, concepts of cooling and heating, vegetation and micro-climate, and weather conditions and sustainability. This book provides architects, engineers, builders, and students with design examples and applications that will enable them to design and build comfortable, cost-effective and sustainable buildings in maritime zones.
2018-01-28 By Ali Sayigh

... chilled ceiling , displacement ventilation , and desiccant dehumidification ;
daylighting ; and adaptive thermal comfort . ... This strategy draws upon principles
of systems engineering and decision theory . ... conventional practice , simulation
is used only for the final confirmation of the performance of the mechanical
system ...

Author: David W. Hafemeister

Publisher: American Institute of Physics

ISBN: UCSD:31822036962520

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 438

View: 583

As members of the American Physical Society’s Forum on Physics and Society, we are concerned with the need to produce and use energy more wisely. One contribution we feel we can make is to educate fellow physicists, especially those who teach in our colleges and universities, about the technical details of some of the more promising techniques for efficient and renewable energy. To that end, we have organized a short course on the Physics of Sustainable Energy: Using Energy Efficiently and Producing It Renewably. The short course was intended to give physicists in-depth technical background needed to evaluate these issues for teaching and research. The year after the 1973-74 oil embargo, the APS leaped into action with a study on enhanced end-use efficiency, realizing that it is easier to save a kilowatt-hour than it is to produce a kilowatt-hour. The results of the APS study appeared in the 1975 AIP Conference Proceedings 25, titled Efficient Use of Energy. It launched the energy-careers of Art Rosenfeld, Rob Socolow, Marc Ross, Dave Claridge and others. The energy programs at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and at Princeton are a direct result of AIP25. The LBNL energy program for buildings and appliances has had far more effect than any action on energy supply. Savings of 75% for refrigerators, 50% for lighting and 50% for buildings can be directly traceable to Building 90 at LBNL. Twenty years ago, the Forum organized a short course, Energy Sources: Conservation and Renewables, at the former Office of Technology Assessment in Washington, DC. The 700-page proceedings of that short course, AIP135, served as a useful textbook for such professors as Art Rosenfeld, then at the University California at Berkeley. The book also became a valuable reference in the libraries of many physics departments, where such applied topics are often scarce.

ASHRAE , 1989 , ASHRAE Handbook - Fundamentals , Chapter 8 , Physiological
Principles , Comfort , and Health . ... Federspiel , C. C. , and Asada , H. , 1991 , “
Adaptive Control of Thermal Comfort Based on Human Responses and a Model
of Human Thermal Sensation , " Proc . of 1991 ASME Winter Annual ... Ljung , L. ,
and Söderström , T. , 1983 , Theory and Practice of Recursive Identification .



ISBN: UCSD:31822017828237

Category: Automatic control


View: 527

1993 By

However , if M and l . , are not known , then meteorological data and the adaptive
algorithm can be used instead . ... However , in practice some of these
mechanisms occur subconsciously , making it difficult to predict the overall effect
of adaptive comfort . ... The Brookes University to value of this work is accepted
by determine whether the adaptive the thermal comfort ... building a building
energy management adaptive principles into their system ( bems ) control
reference documents .



ISBN: STANFORD:36105022061852

Category: Air conditioning


View: 839

1998 By

Prescriptions, Principles, and Practice Joseph Aicher ... See unintentional injuries
acid rain , 59 adaptive reuse of buildings , 60 of land , 116 , 118 – 119 advanced
education centres , 116 ... 87 and stress while driving , 35 thermal comfort , 16 –
17 , 22 community , defined , 134 community / neighbourhood centres , 82 , 87 ...

Author: Joseph Aicher


ISBN: UOM:39015050115321

Category: Medical

Page: 142

View: 145

This work provides a framework for examining how planning and design professionals may promote human health and reduce the burden of disease and disability. Planners, architects and politicians should be able to consider the full health impact of their decisions, while professionals, decision makers and community activists may evaluate specific design issues and develop a set of working guidelines most appropriate for the unique community being examined.
1998 By Joseph Aicher

Transient Heat Conduction Problem , Modification of Liebmann ' s Method of , 11
, 88 . Van Zyl , F . D . W ... Problems in Building , Adaptive Diagnosis of ... Natural
Ventilation by Stack Effect as an Aid to Thermal Comfort in Hot Humid Countries .
King , R ... Synoptic View of Industrialised Building Principles and Practice . 19 .



ISBN: UOM:39015007231809

Category: Architecture


View: 108

1974 By

Author: John Littlewood

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811587832



View: 102


Concepts & Practice Susan C. deWit, Candice K. Kumagai ... Risk for
Disorganized Infant Behavior (00115) Decreased Intracranial Adaptive Capacity (
00049) Domain 10: Life Principles Class 1: Values ... (00036) Delayed Surgical
Recovery (00100) Risk for Thermal Injury (00220)* Impaired Tissue Integrity (
00044) Risk for Trauma (00038) Risk ... (00008) Domain 12: Comfort Class 1:
Physical Comfort Class 2: Environmental Comfort Class 3: Social Comfort
Impaired Comfort (00214) ...

Author: Susan C. deWit

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780323293211

Category: Medical

Page: 1264

View: 363

The clear, concise, and cutting-edge medical-surgical nursing content in Medical-Surgical Nursing: Concepts & Practice, 2nd Edition provides the solid foundation you need to pass the NCLEX Examination and succeed as a new nurse. It builds on the fundamentals of nursing and covers roles, settings, health care trends, all body systems and their disorders, emergency and disaster management, and mental health nursing. Written by noted authors Susan deWit and Candice Kumagai, Medical-Surgical Nursing reflects current national LPN/LVN standards with its emphasis on safety as well as complementary and alternative therapies.
2014-04-14 By Susan C. deWit

Principles and Practice American College of Surgeons, Douglas Wayne Wilmore
... When patients are febrile, their central thermoregulatory mechanism works
both to minimize heat loss and to accelerate heat production (by ... Many of the
adaptive mechanisms that respond to alterations in body or environmental
temperature are closely linked with behavioral changes. ... Behavioral adaptation
allows patients to establish the environmental temperature most comfortable for

Author: American College of Surgeons

Publisher: Webmd Reference

ISBN: 0970390246

Category: Medical

Page: 1717

View: 854

This title covers preoperative to postoperative care and presents the preferred problem solving and technical approaches of more than 180 surgical experts. New information includes: outpatient and fast track surgery, risk stratification and new procedures on esophageal and thoracic surgery.

Correlation of thermal comfort votes with selected indices in field investigations
Author Bedford seven - point comfort scale ... 3 An Adaptive Model The preceding
discussion of human responses to thermal environments and the elaboration of ...
based on biophysical principles has been referred to as the " static " model of
comfort ( Oseland and Humphreys 1994 ... despite the trend in modern air
conditioning practice to exclusively manipulate air temperature whilst holding air
as still as ...

Author: Andris Auliciems

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: UVA:X004174703

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 184

View: 353

A. AULICIEMS Living organisms respond to atmospheric variability and variation, and over time morphological and process differentiations occur both within individuals and the species, as well as in the environment itself. In systems language, the concern is with the atmospheric process-response system of energy and matter flows within the biosphere. The study of such interactions between living organ isms and the atmospheric environment falls within the field of bioclimatology, alternatively referred to as biometeorology. Amongst the more readily recognizable study areas under the bioclimatolog that investigate the effects of atmospheric variation and ical umbrella are those variability upon 1. Terrestrial and aquatic ecology (zoological, botanical and ethological), natural resource production and management (including silviculture, agri culture, horticulture, and grassland, wetland, and marine systems). 2. Stress, morbidity and mortality in animals and humans (including physiolog ical and psychological adaptations). 3. The built environment (all aspects of planning, urban design, and architec ture). 4. Economic systems and social activities (including organizational, individual, and group behavior and management). In addition, bioclimatology is very much concerned with the feedback loop, that is both 5. The inadvertent modification of the atmosphere by living systems, especially human, i.e., studies of pollution, changes to atmospheric amenity, and the processes of deterioration of landscape (deforestation and desertification), and 6. The advertent modifications of natural energy and matter flows within urban areas and indoor climate constructions.
1997-11-12 By Andris Auliciems

The 95 cases that follow give a brief but well - rounded look at adaptive use . ...
Concepts in Building Firesafety ( 3M358 ) M. David Egan , in this 264 - page book
( 1978 ) , presents the principles of design for ... in Thermal Comfort ( 3M186 )
224 - page book ( 1975 ) by M. David Egan is a resource book on energy
conservation design and ... Current Techniques in Architectural Practice ( 2M701
) 275 - page book ( 1976 ) edited by Robert Allan Class , AIA , and Robert E.
Koehler , Hon .



ISBN: UCSC:32106006416181

Category: Architecture


View: 721

1981 By



ISBN: UOM:39015074110647

Category: Engineering


View: 186

1991 By

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